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Letter of recommendation for Syms Covington   29 May 1839

Summary

A letter of reference for Syms Covington.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  29 May 1839
Classmark:  Mitchell Library, Sydney (MLMSS 2009/108: 6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-514

To ?   [1839–82]

Summary

Is glad addressee’s lectures are going well.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  1839–82
Classmark:  Raptis Rare Books (dealers) (June 2018 #69022)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13925F

To Alexander von Humboldt   1 November 1839

Summary

Gratified by AvH’s letter.

Sends data on temperature of the sea in the Galapagos, South Pacific, and the Abrolhos Islands.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander (Alexander) von Humboldt
Date:  1 Nov 1839
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Nachl. Alexander von Humboldt, gr. Kasten 4, Nr. 22, Bl. 1–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-545

To William Hallowes Miller   22 [November 1839]

Summary

Asks if WHM would be interested in the meteorological observations of the Falkland Islands made by B. J. Sulivan on a recent survey. Such observations are rare and appear to CD to have many points of interest.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Hallowes Miller
Date:  22 [Nov 1839]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-546

To A. Y. Spearman   27 November 1839

Summary

Encloses the Smith, Elder & Co. account for the fourth number now published of the third part of the Zoology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Young Spearman
Date:  27 Nov 1839
Classmark:  The National Archives (TNA) (T1/4524 paper 25824)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-546A

To Thomas Campbell Eyton   [30 November 1839]

Summary

Sends bird specimens for examination by TCE [for Birds].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  [30 Nov 1839]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-547

To A. Y. Spearman   4 February 1839

Summary

Submits the account of Smith, Elder & Co. for the third number of part two and second number of part three of the Zoology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Young Spearman
Date:  4 Feb 1839
Classmark:  The National Archives (TNA) (T1/4524 paper 25824)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-494A

To William Whewell   16 February [1839]

Summary

Asks WW to alter, before printing, the passages in WW’s Presidential Address to the Geological Society [Proc. Geol. Soc. Lond. 3 (1839): 93] which pointedly allude to the delay in publication of CD’s Beagle journal; they might annoy FitzRoy, who, as Captain, has a right to first use of the papers of all officers on board.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Whewell
Date:  16 Feb [1839]
Classmark:  Trinity College, Cambridge (Add c 88: 4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-496

To William Lonsdale   [8 March 1839]

Summary

Has finished earthquake paper ["Volcanic phenomena in South America" (1840), Collected papers 1: 53–86]. Gives instructions about a woodcut. There should be an outline map.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Lonsdale
Date:  [8 Mar 1839]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-497

To the Librarian of the Royal Geographical Society   [19 March 1839]

Summary

Formal request for F. Lutké’s charts of the Caroline Islands and any charts by Beechey of the Lagoon Islands [Ellice Islands] that the Society might possess.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Librarian, Royal Geographical Society
Date:  [19 Mar 1839]
Classmark:  Royal Geographical Society
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-499

Questions for William Herbert   [c. 1 April 1839]

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Summary

Questions on breeding of plants: variation in established versus new varieties; predominance of wild species and old varieties when crossed with newer forms; predominance of males versus females; correlations between ease of hybridisation and tendency to vary and undergo cultivation; reversion; correlations between hybridisation and geographic distribution.

In WH’s Amaryllidaceae [1837], does he intend to say crossing is inimical to fertility?

[Sent via J. S. Henslow; note to amanuensis Syms Covington.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Herbert, dean of Manchester
Date:  [c. 1 Apr 1839]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-502

To William Whewell   16 April [1839]

Summary

Thanks WW for wedding gift.

Expresses admiration for his History of the inductive sciences [1837].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Whewell
Date:  16 Apr [1839]
Classmark:  Trinity College, Cambridge (Add c 88: 6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-506

To the Secretary of the Geological Society of France   25 April 1839

Summary

Acknowledges, on behalf of the Geological Society, receipt of the Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, vol. 9, feuilles 29, 34.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Secretary, Soc. Géol. France
Date:  25 Apr 1839
Classmark:  Bibliothèque municipale de Versailles (Autographe Darwin)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-507

To G. R. Gray   [June–October 1839]

Summary

Asks for some Anthus skins to examine [for Birds]. Fears they may turn out to be all one species. Sends details from his notes on Falkland Island specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Robert Gray
Date:  [June–Oct 1839]
Classmark:  The British Library (Egerton MS 2348: 235–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-508

To the Secretary of the American Philosophical Society   23 May 1839

Summary

As Secretary of the Geological Society of London, CD formally expresses thanks for the American Philosophical Society’s Proceedings, vol. 1, no. 6.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Secretary, American Philosophical Society
Date:  23 May 1839
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-511

To Gideon Algernon Mantell   23 May 1839

Summary

Writes, as Secretary of the Geological Society, to thank GAM for his presents, a slab of anthracite with plant impressions (from Philadelphia) and some fossils from Cornwall.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gideon Algernon Mantell
Date:  23 May 1839
Classmark:  Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand (Mantell papers fMS-Papers-0083-465)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-511A

To A. Y. Spearman   27 May 1839

Summary

Presents the account of Smith, Elder & Co. for the now published second and third numbers of the first part of the Zoology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Young Spearman
Date:  27 May 1839
Classmark:  The National Archives (TNA) (T1/4524 paper 25824)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-512A

To William Sharp MacLeay   29 May 1839

Summary

Introduces Syms Covington and recommends him for employment in Australia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Sharp Macleay
Date:  29 May 1839
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-513

To T. L. Mitchell   31 May [1839]

Summary

CD’s servant [Syms Covington] will work his passage to Australia.

Returns a curious stone, of which he hopes to publish an account. [See Volcanic islands, p. 38.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Livingstone Mitchell
Date:  31 May [1839]
Classmark:  Mitchell Library, Sydney (A 295/1 pp.1–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-515

To William Herbert   26 June 1839

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Summary

CD is led to believe there are no true permanently inbreeding, sexually reproducing beings. Thanks for replies to breeding questions.

Asks for clarification of Hippeastrum crosses: is selfing or crossing with individual of same species intended and was increased fertility due to constitution of foreign parent or due to the pollen coming from another plant? Has WH known any hybrid or mongrel to revert or to vary in a manner unlikely to be effect of soil?

Sends Journal of researches.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Herbert, dean of Manchester
Date:  26 June 1839
Classmark:  DAR 185: 65–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-523
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