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To J. S. Henslow    3 December [1831]

Summary

Confusion on board the Beagle at definite prospect of sailing. Gives directions for sending mail to Montevideo.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  3 Dec [1831]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Henslow letters: 11 DAR/1/1/11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-152

To W. D. Fox   [23 January 1831]

Summary

Congratulates WDF on passing his examination for the curacy; hopes he will find it comfortable.

CD is pleased at his own good showing.

Asks about WDF’s examination, books, etc.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  [23 Jan 1831]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 36)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-89

From George Simpson   [26] January [1831]

Summary

Congratulates CD on his "very very good degree". Asks about friends; wishes him well.

Author:  George Simpson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26] Jan [1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-90

From Henry Matthew   [2 February 1831]

Summary

Is in London living in a garret, almost penniless, and has legal and marital difficulties. He hopes to sell some verse.

Author:  Henry Matthew
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 Feb 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-91

To W. D. Fox   [9 February 1831]

Summary

Will leave Cambridge shortly after division; plans to return for next term. With so many friends, Henslow among the foremost, it will be pleasant.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  [9 Feb 1831]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 38)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-92

From Henry Matthew   [14 February 1831]

Summary

Accepted CD’s "generous remittance" rather than go to jail; has pawned his watch. Will stay one fortnight to see whether he can do anything; if he fails he will go home. If he succeeds he will ask his father to pay his debts and nothing else for a two-year period. Is proud of the attachment CD shows.

Author:  Henry Matthew
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 Feb 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-93

To W. D. Fox   [15 February 1831]

Summary

Informs WDF of a shipment of birds ready to be sent by Baker.

Urges WDF to read Herschel’s essay [A preliminary discourse on the study of natural philosophy (1830)] in Lardner’s [Cabinet] Cyclopedia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  [15 Feb 1831]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-94

From Henry Matthew   [March or April 1831]

Summary

In London HM was too harassed by his wife to write; has gone home and is much bothered by his father. Looks for a place as a private tutor. Remains CD’s devoted friend.

Author:  Henry Matthew
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Mar or Apr 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-95

To W. D. Fox   [7 April 1831]

Summary

CD expects pleasant spring term; will botanise with Henslow.

He is dreaming of going to the Canary Islands for tropical scenery.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  [7 Apr 1831]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 39)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-96

From [J. M. Herbert]   [early May 1831]

Summary

Asks CD to accept a Coddington microscope, which accompanies his anonymous note.

Compliments CD on talent and sincerity.

Author:  John Maurice Herbert
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [early May 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-99

To J. S. Henslow   [11 July 1831]

Summary

Has been learning to use a clinometer.

Has investigated passage and fares for Canaries trip.

Rereading Humboldt.

Asks JSH to thank Jenyns for present of Diptera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  [11 July 1831]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Henslow letters: 1 DAR/1/1/1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-102

To C. T. Whitley    [19 July 1831]

Summary

He is "mad about Geology" and plans to ride through Wales in August with a few days at Barmouth.

Some humorous gossip.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Thomas Whitley
Date:  [19 July 1831]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-102A

To W. D. Fox   1 August [1831]

Summary

Will send his insects and two or three from Henslow.

The Canary scheme takes place next June.

Is grieved WDF thinks him capable of telling falsehoods.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  1 Aug [1831]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 42)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-103

From J. S. Henslow   24 August 1831

Summary

JSH has been asked by Peacock to recommend a naturalist as companion to Capt. FitzRoy on Beagle voyage. CD the best qualified person; not a finished naturalist but amply qualified for collecting, observing, and noting.

Author:  John Stevens Henslow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Aug 1831
Classmark:  DAR 97(ser.2):4–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-105

From George Peacock   [c. 26 August 1831]

Summary

Details about FitzRoy and proposed voyage of Beagle. CD invited to go on the voyage as naturalist.

Author:  George Peacock
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. 26 Aug 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 97 (ser.2): 11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-106

To J. S. Henslow   30 [August 1831]

Summary

Feels he should decline Beagle voyage offer because of his father’s objections, which he lists. Would otherwise have taken all risks.

[Geological] trip with Adam Sedgwick a success.

Grieved at Marmaduke Ramsay’s death.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  30 [Aug 1831]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Henslow letters: 2 DAR/1/1/2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-107

To R. W. Darwin   31 August [1831]

Summary

CD asks his father to consider the offer of the Beagle voyage once more. He encloses his list of RWD’s objections and Josiah Wedgwood’s responses [see 109]. Asks his father to give him a decided answer: if "no" he will never again mention the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Waring Darwin
Date:  31 Aug [1831]
Classmark:  DAR 223: 1; DAR 97: B10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-110

To Francis Beaufort   1 September [1831]

Summary

CD accepts going with Capt. FitzRoy. Explains earlier refusal as owing to his father’s disapproval.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Beaufort
Date:  1 Sept [1831]
Classmark:  The National Archives (TNA) (Adm 1/4541 PRO D 262)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-112

To J. S. Henslow   [2 September 1831]

Summary

Has just arrived in Cambridge; his father has changed his mind. Asks to see JSH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  [2 Sept 1831]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Henslow letters: 3 DAR/1/1/3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-114

To Susan Darwin   [4 September 1831]

Summary

Spent preceding day with Henslow; much to be done. A friend, Alexander Charles Wood, has written to Capt. FitzRoy about CD. Peacock offered appointment as Beagle naturalist first to Leonard Jenyns, who almost accepted, as did Henslow himself. CD will talk to Capt. Francis Beaufort [Hydrographer] and FitzRoy. Thanks all his family.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Date:  [4 Sept 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-115
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