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From J. S. Henslow   25 October 1831


Gives CD directions for sending him specimens from Beagle.

Writes of Cambridge politics.

Author:  John Stevens Henslow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Oct 1831
Classmark:  DAR 204: 108
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-143

From J. S. Henslow   20 November 1831


Is sending plates for R. T. Lowe’s paper [Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 4 (1833): 1–70].

Adds advice on working the surd.

Agrees with CD that Beagle voyage would have been wrong for Jenyns, but assures him he (CD) is the right man. Warns CD against his "foible" of taking offence at rudeness or ungentlemanlike behaviour.

Author:  John Stevens Henslow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Nov 1831
Classmark:  DAR 204: 109
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-150

From George Simpson   [26] January [1831]


Congratulates CD on his "very very good degree". Asks about friends; wishes him well.

Author:  George Simpson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26] Jan [1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-90

From Henry Matthew   [2 February 1831]


Is in London living in a garret, almost penniless, and has legal and marital difficulties. He hopes to sell some verse.

Author:  Henry Matthew
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 Feb 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-91

From Henry Matthew   [14 February 1831]


Accepted CD’s "generous remittance" rather than go to jail; has pawned his watch. Will stay one fortnight to see whether he can do anything; if he fails he will go home. If he succeeds he will ask his father to pay his debts and nothing else for a two-year period. Is proud of the attachment CD shows.

Author:  Henry Matthew
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 Feb 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-93

From Henry Matthew   [March or April 1831]


In London HM was too harassed by his wife to write; has gone home and is much bothered by his father. Looks for a place as a private tutor. Remains CD’s devoted friend.

Author:  Henry Matthew
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Mar or Apr 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-95

From [J. M. Herbert]   [early May 1831]


Asks CD to accept a Coddington microscope, which accompanies his anonymous note.

Compliments CD on talent and sincerity.

Author:  John Maurice Herbert
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [early May 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-99

From J. S. Henslow   24 August 1831


JSH has been asked by Peacock to recommend a naturalist as companion to Capt. FitzRoy on Beagle voyage. CD the best qualified person; not a finished naturalist but amply qualified for collecting, observing, and noting.

Author:  John Stevens Henslow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Aug 1831
Classmark:  DAR 97(ser.2):4–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-105

From George Peacock   [c. 26 August 1831]


Details about FitzRoy and proposed voyage of Beagle. CD invited to go on the voyage as naturalist.

Author:  George Peacock
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. 26 Aug 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 97 (ser.2): 11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-106

From Adam Sedgwick   4 September 1831


Reports on his geological work in N. Wales since he and CD parted. Answers CD’s queries.

Author:  Adam Sedgwick
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Sept 1831
Classmark:  DAR 204: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-116

From John Coldstream   13 September 1831


Suggestions and information helpful to CD in preparation for Beagle voyage. David Brewster’s meteorological papers. Suggests an oyster-trawl for collecting marine animals. Recommends CD see R. E. Grant. For meteorological observations suggests F. W. Beechey’s Voyage to the Pacific [1831] and an interview with J. F. Daniell of King’s College.

Author:  John Coldstream
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Sept 1831
Classmark:  DAR 204: 64
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-124

From Charles Whitley   13 September 1831


Congratulates CD on Beagle appointment as an "opportunity … of studying all the natural sciences at once, after your own taste".

Author:  Charles Thomas Whitley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Sept 1831
Classmark:  DAR 204: 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-125

From Adam Sedgwick   18 September 1831


Is glad of CD’s appointment and hopes it will be a source of happiness and honour.

Answers a query about books.

Suggests CD go to Geological Society, present himself, as AS’s friend, to William Lonsdale and study the Society’s collection.

Tells CD of his work in Wales; includes a diagram and explanations.

Ramsay’s death a grievous loss.

Author:  Adam Sedgwick
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Sept 1831
Classmark:  DAR 204: 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-129

From Frederick Watkins   [18 September 1831]


Rejoices in CD’s appointment and predicts he will rank with Candolle, Henslow, and Linnaeus.

Recounts their past pleasures and gives news of friends, who are scattering fast.

Author:  Frederick Watkins
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [18 Sept 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-130

From Robert FitzRoy   23 September 1831


Regrets he cannot take Francis Owen on Beagle as midshipman. RF thinks CD had better be on the books [for victuals], but CD should do as he likes. Refitting progress is slow.

Author:  Robert FitzRoy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Sept 1831
Classmark:  DAR 204: 105
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-135

From Fanny Owen    2 [December 1831]


Describes the wedding of her sister Sarah and related festivities. She misses CD very much.

Author:  Frances (Fanny) Mostyn Owen; Frances (Fanny) Myddelton Biddulph
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 [Dec 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 54
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-151

From Fanny Owen   [8 April 1831]


Wants CD to come without fail on Monday, and to bring her a small bottle of oil colour, a half-dozen small brushes, and a "juicy" book of some kind.

Author:  Frances (Fanny) Mostyn Owen; Frances (Fanny) Myddelton Biddulph
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8 Apr 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-97

From Charlotte Wedgwood   22 September [1831]


Sends congratulations and good wishes; feels the Wedgwoods bear much responsibility, since he would not have accepted the Beagle appointment had he not been at Maer "that 1st. of September".

Author:  Charlotte Wedgwood; Charlotte Langton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Sept [1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-133

From Fanny Owen   [22 September – 2 October 1831]


Sends him a purse, which she asks him to use in remembrance of her.

Author:  Frances (Fanny) Mostyn Owen; Frances (Fanny) Myddelton Biddulph
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [22 Sept – 2 Oct 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-134

From Fanny Owen   [26 September 1831]


Much disappointed that CD will leave home before she returns.

Author:  Frances (Fanny) Mostyn Owen; Frances (Fanny) Myddelton Biddulph
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Sept 1831]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 52
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-136
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