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To ?   1 August [1864 or 1865]


Sends a photograph of himself.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  1 Aug [1864-5]
Classmark:  Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, Bibliothèque de Botanique, Paris (Ms CRY 493, fol. 637)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4580F

To B. D. Walsh   21 October [1864]


Thanks for letter and memoirs.

Suggests a "rather hopeless experiment" of introducing poisons into tissues of plants on the chance that monstrous growths may be produced.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Date:  21 Oct [1864]
Classmark:  Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago (Walsh)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4640

From Charles Buxton   21 October 1864


Forwards a letter from his head brewer, Laurence Burleigh, on yeast. They seldom exchange yeast with other brewers, and he doubts whether weak yeast from one brewery will ferment strongly in another.

Author:  Charles Buxton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Oct 1864
Classmark:  DAR 160: 375, 394
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4641

To J. D. Hooker   22 October [1864]



To Lyell’s chagrin, CD has come round again to A. C. Ramsay’s glacial theory.

On primrose and cowslip, CD maintains they are good species, notwithstanding Scott’s work.

CD defines species by power of remaining constant for a good long time and showing appreciable amount of difference from close species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 Oct [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 252
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4642

From J. D. Hooker   26[–8] October 1864



Comments at length on Ramsay’s glacial paper ["On the erosion of valleys and lakes", Philos. Mag. 4th ser. 28 (1864): 293–311]. Prefers it to Tyndall, but unconvinced about sea action and unwilling to grant that ice power sculptures the totality of landscape.

Unwilling to support Wallace for Royal Medal.

Herbert Spencer’s noisy vacuity.

Garden varieties that are constant and infertile with parent deserve to be called species.

Scott ineligible to be Linnean Society associate because he is not in England.

George Busk’s incoherent talk on Gibraltar cave fossils.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26[–8] Oct 1864
Classmark:  DAR 101: 247–53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4645

From Ernst Haeckel   26 October 1864


Thanks CD for notes concerning the development of his ideas about the origin of species. Says August Schleicher and Carl Gegenbaur also interested.

Names new supporters of CD’s theory, including Max Schultze, Rudolf Leuckart, and Alexander Braun. Zoologists have been more interested than botanists.

He is writing a general work on the relationships among animals [Generelle Morphologie der Organismen (1866)].

Comments on Fritz Müller’s Für Darwin [1864].

Gegenbaur is revising his Grundzüge der vergleichenden Anatomie [2d ed. (1870)] to accord with evolution.

Thanks CD for copy of book on balanids [Living Cirripedia, vol. 2].

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Oct 1864
Classmark:  DAR 166: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4646

To Asa Gray   29 October [1864]


Sends question [missing] for an ornithologist.

Is plodding on at Variation.

Has added to Climbing plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  29 Oct [1864]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (88)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4647

From Andrew Murray   31 October 1864


Proposes to work on geographical distribution before leaving the Society.

Author:  Andrew Dickson (Andrew) Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Oct 1864
Classmark:  DAR 171: 327
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4648

To Andrew Murray   2 November [1864]


Wishes AM success in undertaking his work on geographical distribution [The geographical distribution of mammals (1866)]. CD has no suggestions to make as he has not recently attended to the subject.

He is still weak after his long illness and supposes he will ever remain so.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Andrew Dickson (Andrew) Murray
Date:  2 Nov [1864]
Classmark:  R. D. Pyrah (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4649

To J. D. Hooker   3 November [1864]



Asks JDH to verify an observation on Dicentra – what CD thought was a branch in the young plant now looks like a gigantic leaf in the old.

Concurs on Spencer’s clever emptiness.

Ramsay exaggerates role of ice. Sorry to hear that Tyndall grows dogmatic.

Admits difficulty of making case for Wallace’s Royal Medal at this time.

Will soon finish the first draft of Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Nov [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 253
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4650

From Edward Sabine   3 November 1864


Announces that the Council of the Royal Society has awarded CD the Copley Medal.

Author:  Edward Sabine
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 1864
Classmark:  DAR 177: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4651

From Hugh Falconer   3 November 186[4]


Council of the Royal Society have awarded CD the Copley Medal.

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 186[4]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4652

From John Lubbock   3 November 1864


Congratulates CD on receiving the Copley Medal.

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 1864
Classmark:  DAR 170: 48
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4653

To Ray Society   [before 4 November 1864]


"Read a letter from Mr Darwin suggesting the Translation of Gaertner’s work [Bastarderzeugung im Pflanzenreich (1849)]."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ray Society
Date:  [before 4 Nov 1864]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (General Library MSS RAY A: vol. 2, p. 102r: Minute 1118, 4th November 1864)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4654

From T. H. Huxley   4 November 1864


His pleasure at Royal Society Copley Medal for CD. Recounts meeting of Royal Society Council.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Nov 1864
Classmark:  DAR 166: 303
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4655

To Hugh Falconer   4 November [1864]


[Copley] Medal very great honour. Cordial thanks.

Chuckled over [Gaspard-Auguste] Brullé and pupils.

Splendid converts in Rudolf Leuckart and Carl Gegenbaur.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  4 Nov [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4656

From Charles Lyell   4 November 1864


Delighted to hear that CD was awarded Copley Medal. Important because award by chartered institution acts on outsiders and helps increase stock of moral courage.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Nov 1864
Classmark:  K. M. Lyell ed. 1881, 2: 383–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4658

From Henry Holland   4 November [1864]


Congratulations on the Copley Medal.

Author:  Henry Holland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Nov [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 244
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4659

To Edward Sabine   5 November [1864]


Thanks ES in connection with award [of Copley Medal].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Sabine
Date:  5 Nov [1864]
Classmark:  Glenbow Archives, Calgary (M 4843, file 17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4660

To T. H. Huxley   5 November [1864]


Appreciates THH’s note more than Medal.

Encourages THH to write a popular treatise on zoology.

Sends Mrs Huxley a quotation from Tennyson, with sarcastic comment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  5 Nov [1864]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 207)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4661
Document type
letter (346)
Darwin, C. R.disabled_by_default
Hooker, J. D. (77)
Scott, John (23)
Darwin, W. E. (22)
Oliver, Daniel (21)
Darwin, E. A. (14)
Haeckel, Ernst (9)
Gray, Asa (8)
Lubbock, John (8)
Falconer, Hugh (7)
Huxley, T. H. (7)
Wallace, A. R. (7)
Jenner, William (6)
Kindt, Hermann (6)
Walsh, B. D. (5)
Buckland, Frank (4)
Fox, W. D. (4)
Harvey, W. H. (4)
Moggridge, J. T. (4)
Newton, Alfred (4)
Tegetmeier, W. B. (4)
Babington, C. C. (3)
Balfour, J. H. (3)
Bentham, George (3)
Murray, Andrew (3)
Ramsay, A. C. (3)
Sabine, Edward (3)
Watson, H. C. (3)
Bennett, William (2)
Brent, B. P. (2)
Busk, George (2)
Buxton, Charles (2)
Darwin, G. H. (2)
Dobell, H. B. (2)
Gosse, P. H. (2)
Higgins, John (2)
Hildebrand, Friedrich (2)
Holland, Henry (2)
Kippist, Richard (2)
Masters, M. T. (2)
Naudin, C. V. (2)
Oxenden, G. C. (2)
Parker, Charles (2)
Sulivan, B. J. (2)
Trimen, Roland (2)
Agassiz, Louis (1)
Bate, C. S. (1)
Beck, John (1)
Becker, L. E. (1)
Boott, Mary (1)
Bowerbank, J. S. (1)
Brown, D. J. (1)
Brown, G. T. (1)
Buckman, James (1)
Clarke, R. T. (1)
Cresy, Edward, Jr (1)
Crocker, C. W. (1)
Crüger, Hermann (1)
Darwin, Emma (1)
Dilke, C. W., Jr (1)
Eyton, T. C. (1)
Frere, G. E. (1)
Gardeners’ Chronicle (1)
Gould, J. C. (1)
Haast, Julius von (1)
Hacon, W. M. (1)
Harrison, L. C. (1)
Hutton, F. W. (1)
Jukes, J. B. (1)
Laugel, Auguste (1)
Lesquereux, Leo (1)
Linnean Society (1)
Lonsdale, William (1)
Lyell, Charles (1)
Marshall, William (1)
Matthew, Patrick (1)
Mumbray, R. G. (1)
Murchison, R. I. (1)
P., C. (1)
President, Royal Society (1)
Ransome, Frederick (1)
Ray Society (1)
Reed, G. V. (1)
Robinson, William (b) (1)
Rolfe, R. M. (1)
Royal Horticultural Society (1)
Sabine, E. J. (1)
Salt, Thomas (1)
Smith, Frederick (a) (1)
Struthers, John (1)
Swinhoe, Robert (1)
Thomson, Robert (1)
Trimen, Henry (1)
Unidentified (1)
Wedgwood, Emma (1)
Wedgwood, F. E. E. (1)
Wedgwood, L. C. (1)
Westwood, J. O. (1)
editor of Nat. Hist. Rev. (1)
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