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To Nature   7 November [1881]

Summary

Summarises letter of William Nation [13350]. The facts given strongly support the conclusion that there is some close connection between the parasitic habits of birds that lay their eggs in others’ nests and the fact of their laying eggs at "considerable intervals of time".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  7 Nov [1881]
Classmark:  Nature, 17 November 1881, p. 51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13471

To ?   23 November 1881

Summary

Sends copies of Variation, Descent, and Journal of researches from "the library of my late brother".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  23 Nov 1881
Classmark:  Charles Hamilton (dealer) (29 January 1970)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13507

To ?   5 October 1881

Summary

Has resolved never to write for periodicals.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  5 Oct 1881
Classmark:  Rick Northwood (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13373F

To ?   17 June 1881

Summary

Thanks correspondent for sending paper on molluscs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  17 June 1881
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.591)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13208

To Nature   13 July [1881]

Summary

Communicates two cases of inheritance reported by J. P. Bishop [in 13137]. The work of E. Brown-Séquard has demonstrated that effects of injuries can be inherited ["Hereditary transmission of an epileptiform affection accidentally produced", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 10 (1860): 297–8]. E. Dupuy has sent CD a still more remarkable case.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  13 July [1881]
Classmark:  Nature, 21 July 1881, p. 257
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13245

To ?   18 July 1881

Summary

Asks what to do with [unspecified] receipt.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  18 July 1881
Classmark:  DAR 202: 94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13248

To ?   31 July [1881?]

Summary

Thanks for note and plant specimen. Will take care of it for his own sake and Kew’s.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  31 July [1881?]
Classmark:  David Schulson (dealer)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13267

To ?   20 August 1881

Summary

Fly adheres to ceiling by viscid matter on feet. Refers correspondent to B. T. Lowne, Anatomy and physiology of the blow-fly (1870).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  20 Aug 1881
Classmark:  Duke University, Rubenstein Rare Book and Manuscript Library (RL.10387)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13292

To ?   21 August 1881

Summary

Encloses a letter from his son G. H. Darwin and another from his son Francis Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  21 Aug 1881
Classmark:  C. G. Boerner in Leipzig (dealer) (4–6 December 1911)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13294G

To ?   21 August 1881

Summary

Declines an invitation to write for an unidentified periodical. "I am unable to write short articles in an interesting manner, & they would consume much of my time."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  21 Aug 1881
Classmark:  Profiles in History (dealers) (March 2006)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13296A

To ?   5 September 1881

Summary

Asks him to deliver two or three feet of linoleum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  5 Sept 1881
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (21–2 July 1988)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13317A

To Nature   [before 15 September 1881]

Summary

Quotes from a Fritz Müller letter of 9 Aug supporting CD’s views that leaves position themselves at night so as to minimise heat loss by radiation. It is a new fact to CD that leaves take different positions at different seasons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 15 Sept 1881]
Classmark:  Nature, 15 September 1881, p. 459
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13338

To Williams & Norgate   20 February 1881

Summary

Queries account for book "Fauna Neapol. II"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  20 Feb 1881
Classmark:  J. A. Stargardt (dealer) (catalogue 67 1998)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13058F

To Nature   22 February [1881]

Summary

Summarises the "remarkable facts about the movements of plants" in Fritz Müller’s letter of January [12996]. CD comments that Müller’s observations support the conclusion that he and Francis Darwin arrived at – that leaves go to sleep to escape the full effects of radiation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  22 Feb [1881]
Classmark:  Nature, 3 March 1881, p. 409
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13061

From ?   [March 1881]

Summary

Notes on the thickness of mould on the slope of the inland side of Beachy Head.

Author:  Unidentified
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Mar 1881]
Classmark:  DAR 65: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13070

To Nature   14 April [1881]

Summary

Summarises a letter from Fritz Müller [missing] giving details of leaf movement in Mucuna, Desmodium, and Bauhinia. CD is especially interested in the paraheliotropic movements, which appear to be as common as sleep movements.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  14 Apr [1881]
Classmark:  Nature, 28 April 1881, pp. 603–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13117

To P. P. C. Hoek   23 November 1881

Summary

Thanks him for magnificent work on Pycnogonida [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger, vol. 3, part 10 (1881)].

Is delighted that he is undertaking the Cirripedia [1883–4].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Paulus Peronius Cato Hoek
Date:  23 Nov 1881
Classmark:  Artis Library (P.P.C. Hoek Archive: Darwin correspondence)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13507A

To A. R. Wallace   23 November 1881

Summary

At Mrs Lyell’s request, passes on a spare copy of K. M. Lyell ed. 1881.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  23 Nov 1881
Classmark:  Natural History Museum, Library and Archives (tipped into Alfred Russel Wallace’s copy of K. M. Lyell ed. 1881 (L ARW 28))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13507F

From Gustav Wegner   24 November 1881

Summary

Reports observing two wheat flowers that bent towards each other and pressed together in a "quick throbbing motion".

Author:  Gustav Friedrich Edmund (Gustav) Wegner
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1881
Classmark:  DAR 201: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13508

From S. H. Vines   24 November [1881]

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Summary

Will observe the granular cells in roots, to investigate CD’s observation that root-hairs spring from cells that are not granular. Hopes they may be soluble in [carbonate of ammonia] solution.

Author:  Sydney Howard Vines
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov [1881]
Classmark:  DAR 62: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13509
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