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To ?   30 March 1877


Sends autograph as requested.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  30 Mar 1877
Classmark:  L’Autographe (dealers) (1997?)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10918F

From G. J. Wilson   19 March 1877


Pangenesis supports the existence of gemmules; does not accept Galton’s experiments as disproving their existence or importance.

Author:  George John Wilson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 181: 127
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10904

From J. C. Morton   19 March 1877


The editor of the Agricultural Gazette asks CD to settle a point being debated in his journal. Can a desirable breed of cattle, which is so inbred as to have scrofula, be maintained by crossing with a breed of healthy constitution?

Author:  John Chalmers Morton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 248
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10905

To J. D. Hooker   20 March [1877]



CD apologises for his burdensome request of Oliver.

Criticises JDH’s notice on Forsythia, which JDH said was dioecious. Forsythia sent to CD from Kew was heterostylous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 437–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10906

To Enrique Godínez   21 March 1877


Has received the sheets of EG’s Spanish translation of Origin. Regrets that he cannot undertake to read them because of his health, over-work, and having forgotten much of the language. What he has read seems clearly expressed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Enrique Godínez y Esteban (Enrique Godínez)
Date:  21 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Godínez trans. 1877, p. [VIII]
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10908

From J. V. Carus   22 March 1877


A curious error – too late to change: in Cross and self-fertilisation CD has "cleistogenous" for "cleistogamous" flowers throughout.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 161: 108
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10909

To Agricultural Gazette   22 March 1877


Evidence for inheritance of constitutional diseases like scrofula so good that it seems rash to breed tainted animal.

Experiments given in Cross and self-fertilisation show that evil of inbreeding follows from near relations possessing closely similar constitution.

Size and vigour increased by breeding plants and animals from ancestors that lived some generations under different conditions of life.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Agricultural Gazette
Date:  22 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Agricultural Gazette, 2 April 1877, pp. 324–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10910

From Fritz Müller   25 March 1877


Thanks CD for new [2d] edition of Orchids.

Mentions some observations on dimorphic plants.

Reports on a third species of Pontederia [see Forms of flowers, p. 185].

Describes some unusual grasses.

Reports rumours from southern Brazil concerning the existence of a gigantic subterranean animal.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 111: A89–90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10911

To Ernst Krause   25 March 1877


Thanks for EK’s book [Werden und Vergehen (1876)].

Regrets he cannot write for EK’s journal, but his son, Francis, may do so.

Suggests EK as editor urge on readers [of Kosmos] the investigation of the causes of variability; why, for instance, do wild Pampas cattle change colour when domesticated? Thinks experiments and observations on recently domesticated animals and cultivated plants would throw light on the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Date:  25 Mar 1877
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 36172)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10912

To G. H. K. Thwaites   26 March 1877


Thanks for specimens [of insects].

Wonders whether difference between male and female plays part in fertilisation of fig.

Flowers of Oxalis sensitiva, sent long ago, are trimorphic and cleistogamic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Kendrick Thwaites
Date:  26 Mar 1877
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.508)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10913

To J. V. Carus   26 March 1877


Had found out his error [use of "cleistogenous" for "cleistogamous" in Cross and self-fertilisation] some timeago.

Is now writing on cleistogamic flowers [for Forms of flowers (1877)], and, with it, will have worked up all his old materials on plants. JVC will then have a rest from his labours of translation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  26 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 164–165)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10914

From William Saville-Kent   26 March 1877


Proposes to construct an aquarium on Jersey and wants to use CD’s name in support of the project.

Author:  William Saville-Kent
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 202: 106
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10915

To W. R. S. Ralston   27 March 1877


Thanks for the reviews, particularly the one in the Times.

CD will be pleased to receive Mr Wallace.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ralston Shedden-Ralston
Date:  27 Mar 1877
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (Inserted in Bulwer-Lytton, E. R., Life of Lord Lytton, fol. p. 244, RB 131334 v. 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10916

To William Saville-Kent   28 March [1877]


Regrets he cannot permit his name to be used to support WSK’s aquarium project. If WSK decides to set up an aquarium solely for scientific purposes he would consider subscribing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Saville-Kent
Date:  28 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10917

From Asa Gray   30 March 1877


Lithospermum longiflorum has cleistogamous flowers and, unlike other species of genus, it is not dimorphic.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 165: 195
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10918

To Leonard Darwin   31 March 1877


Is "awfully glad" at LD’s appointment [as an instructor at Chatham].

Thinks LD should start reading chemistry "though reading does not do much".

Reports scientific work of George and Frank Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Darwin
Date:  31 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 153: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10919

From W. E. Darwin   [25 March? 1877]


Staying with W. D. Fox on the Isle of Wight. Offers to find Pulmonaria plants.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [25 Mar? 1877]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 67)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10922F

To Francis Darwin   [c. 20 March 1877]


Asks FD to mollify Daniel Oliver and assure him that CD asks "only for what I wd. give my life’s blood for".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [c. 20 Mar 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10752

From J. D. Hooker   [2 March 1877]



JDH reports on Frank’s reading of his Dipsacus paper at the Royal Society. Huxley slept through much of it, but JDH is well pleased with it.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 Mar 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 93–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10873

To [John Colby?]   2 March [1877?]


Does not think the pistil behaved as JC described, except by mere accident.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Colby
Date:  2 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  National Library of Israel (Abraham Schwadron collection, Schwad 03 04 07)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10873F
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