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To [?]   21 September [1869]


Thanks correspondent for sending curious facts about his cats.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  21 Sept [1869]
Classmark:  National Library of Australia (MS 760/2/571)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6952

To ?   30 October [1869 or 1870]


Comments on a case of crossing distant plants of Habenaria

and on hermaphroditism in hybrid plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  30 Oct [1869-70]
Classmark:  King Edward VI High School, Stafford
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6961A

To Francis Henry Salvin?   31 October 1869


Thanks correspondent for sending extracts about the jackal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  31 Oct 1869
Classmark:  McGill University Library, Department of Rare Books
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6962

To Nature   13 November [1869]


Comments on A. W. Bennett’s letter [Nature 1 (1869): 58] on fertilisation of winter-flowering plants. CD used net, not a bell-glass to cover Lamium.

Refers to F. Delpino’s observations on fertilisation of grasses; CD is glad to say these observations are compatible with "the very general law that distinct individual plants must be occasionally crossed".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  13 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  Nature 1 (1869): 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6987

To ?   13 December [1869]


Has given the right of translation [of Descent] to Julius Victor Carus of Leipzig, so the recipient should inform Alexander Duncker to communicate with JVC.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  13 Dec [1869]
Classmark:  National Library of Israel (Abraham Schwadron collection, Schwad 03 04 07)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7028F

To ?   [1870–82?]


Suggests the recipient catch the 4.12 train.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1870–82?]
Classmark:  The National Library of Wales (NLW Dolaucothi L 5984)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7088F

To the Athenæum   19 June 1869


Thanks correspondent, "Ponderer", for pointing out his erroneous calculation of the rate of increase of elephants in Origin [p. 64]. [!?or p. 74!? (see 6775f), or 75, (see 6790)]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  19 June 1869
Classmark:  Athenæum, 26 June 1869, p. 861
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6787

To ?   23 June 1869


[A quotation in CD’s hand, signed and dated, from the introduction to Orchids.] "I have never once expressed a wish for aid or for information, which has not been granted, as far as possible, in the most liberal spirit."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  23 June 1869
Classmark:  The Morgan Library and Museum, New York (Heineman Collection MA 6512)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6795

To the Athenæum   7 [July] 1869


Because readers have arrived at different answers to the problem of the rate of increase of elephants, CD offers a rule, used by his son George, for calculating the product for any number of generations.

[Letter erroneously dated June.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  7 [July] 1869
Classmark:  Athenæum, 17 July 1869, p. 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6820

To ?   20 February [1869]


Gives his opinion of Rolla Charles Meadows Rouse, who is tutoring Horace Darwin in mathematics.

Has not heard that Horace has a chance of a minor scholarship.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  20 Feb [1869]
Classmark:  Xiling Yinshe Auction Company (dealers) (Spring 2014, lot 188)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6624F

To ?   2 May [1869 or later]


"When a man has laboured hard in science & has proved that he is capable of original research, he may [some]times indulge in speculation [&] the public will indulge him. But even in this case it is a common error to speculate too largely, for speculation is far easier than observation or experiments . . ."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  2 May [1869-82]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (28 March 1983)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13866A

To ?   6 April [1869–71]


"My experiment was intended solely to show that colour reappeared, and I choose kinds which breed [true] to colour, as is certainly the case with [sports] and those which I tried . . .

I have recorded an undoubted case of wild rock Pigeons caught in Scotland having bred in confinement …"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  6 Apr [1869-71]
Classmark:  L’Autographe S.A. (dealers) (Catalogue 21)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6098A

To George Cupples   20 November [1869]


Thanks GC for his assistance. "The data for all that I have to say about the Scotch deer-hound are, owing to you, almost sufficient; and much better data than I have got in many other cases." [See Descent 2: 260.]

Believes Dr Stirling would be compelled to admit some change in "the famous protoplasm in our domestic races, both in regard to the structure of the body & qualities of the mind".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Cupples
Date:  20 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  Det Kongelige Bibliotek, Copenhagen (NKS 4127 II, 4to)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7000

To Camille Dareste   20 November 1869


Glad Dareste is candidate for Paris Chair. No subject more important than modification of structure by direct action of changed conditions, and Dareste has thrown much light on subject. Believes monstrosities cannot be separated from slighter variations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gabriel-Madeleine-Camille (Camille) Dareste
Date:  20 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 143: 369
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7001

To J. D. Hooker   24 November [1869]


Sends title of Kerner’s book [see 6997] and comments that AK does not give the one parent form of the genus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 162–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7006

To Charles Layton   24 November [1869]


CD long anxious for new American edition of Origin to incorporate corrections since 2d ed. [of 1860]; believes such updating has kept English and continental sales high. If Appleton unable to comply, he will ask Asa Gray to find another publisher.

Mentions possible arrangements for U. S. edition of new book [Descent].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles James (Charles) Layton
Date:  24 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  Parke-Bernet (dealers) (31 March 1964), Sotheby’s (dealers) (21 May 1968), William Patrick Watson (dealer) catalogue 18 (2012)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7007

To George Bentham   25 November [1869]


CD finds GB’s address interesting; assures him that he has never said GB was wrong on any point, but that there were differences between them, which he now thinks are not great.

Comments on specific parts of the address [see 6793]: colonisation, variability of large and small genera, descent from a single parent or pair of parents, rapid multiplication and change in species, isolation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  25 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: ff. 678–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7011

To Charles Layton   26 November [1869]


The 5th edition of Origin was printed some months previously and stereotypes cannot be supplied.

If Appletons will reprint the 5th edition of Origin in America, he pledges to supply stereotypes, if possible, or the sheets as printed if not, of his new book (Descent).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles James (Charles) Layton
Date:  26 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  Bonhams, New York (dealers) (13 June 2019, lot 5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7012F

To T. H. Farrer   [27 November 1869]


Encloses extract from a letter from Fritz Müller about humming-birds visiting Passiflora, "as a caution about Passiflora in contrast with Tacsonia".

[Signed with CD’s name by Emma Darwin.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  [27 Nov 1869]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7013

To A. B. Meyer   27 November [1869]


Not willing to sit for photographer again.

ABM’s translation of Wallace’s Malay Archipelago has not yet arrived.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Adolf Bernhard Meyer
Date:  27 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 362
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7014
Document type
letter (225)
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Hooker, J. D. (19)
Carus, J. V. (9)
Tegetmeier, W. B. (9)
Unidentified (9)
Wallace, A. R. (9)
Huxley, T. H. (8)
Tait, W. C. (8)
Farrer, T. H. (5)
Lyell, Charles (5)
Murray, John (b) (5)
Müller, Fritz (5)
Cooke, R. F. (4)
Cupples, George (4)
Maw, George (4)
Moulinié, J. J. (4)
Weir, J. J. (4)
Croll, James (3)
Günther, Albert (3)
Reuter, Adolf (3)
Athenæum (2)
Bentham, George (2)
Caton, J. D. (2)
Claus, C. F. (2)
Crichton-Browne, James (2)
Dawkins, W. B. (2)
Delpino, Federico (2)
Donders, F. C. (2)
Eyton, T. C. (2)
Haeckel, Ernst (2)
Hegt, J. N. (2)
John Murray (2)
Koch, Eduard (2)
Layton, Charles (2)
Lloyd, M. C. (2)
Lubbock, John (2)
Orton, James (2)
Paget, James (2)
Preyer, William (2)
Smith, E. A. (2)
Annals and Magazine of Natural History (1)
Bennett, A. W. (1)
Blackwell, A. L. B. (1)
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Darwin, G. H. (1)
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Gardeners’ Chronicle (1)
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Malven, F. M. (1)
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Nature (1)
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Ogle, William (1)
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