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From Francis Galton   24 December 1869


Greatly pleased by approbation from CD, whom he admires and whose Origin did much for him.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 105: 3–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7034

From W. W. Reade   26 December 1869


Has seen some natives who express surprise by clapping the hand to mouth.

Reports on a tribe that sells its ugliest slaves in order to maintain its uniformly fine appearance.

In America in 1867 Darwinism was a fait accompli. Asa Gray’s religious defence unnecessary after Theodore Parker and Emerson.

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 176: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7036

From L. E. Becker   29 December 1869


Asks CD to which journal she should send her Lychnis paper and whether she may quote extracts from his letters to her.

Author:  Lydia Ernestine Becker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 160: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7037

From Anton Dohrn   30 December 1869


He has gone through the whole embryology of the Crustacea and has arrived at a pretty well-established genealogy of the whole class; has even tried to write a history of the whole tribe. Finds he cannot adopt the old separation of Orders in the Class; the limits between them are indistinct.

Would like to study embryology of Limulus. Asks CD’s help in obtaining a female specimen.

Outlines his proposal to establish a marine zoological station.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 162: 204
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7038

From J. L. Sinclair   31 December 1869


Would like CD’s opinion on his "theory of organic disturbance" and his "law of organic combination"; hopes CD might notice them in the Academy.

Writes of his unfortunate circumstances.

Author:  James Leask Sinclair
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 177: 173
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7039

From S. P. Engleheart   [October 1869 or later]


Blushing begins as early as the fifth year.

Author:  Stephen Paul Engleheart
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Oct 1869 or later]
Classmark:  DAR 163: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7056

From G. H. Darwin   [2 December 1869]


Discusses some calculations which he is doing for CD on the ratios of red and brown colouring in some animals.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 Dec 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7158

From Lawrence Ruck   [after 29 April 1869?]



On the horns of castrated lambs.

Author:  Lawrence Ruck
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 29 Apr 1869?]
Classmark:  DAR 88: 134–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7409

From W. E. Darwin   [1869–75]


Sends a letter from Capt Forrest, recommending a Mr Knight.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1869–75]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 54)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9224F

From W. S. Dallas?   [1869–75]


Criticises details of style and tone in Origin [5th ed.].

Author:  Charles Dallas
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1869–75]
Classmark:  DAR 69: A50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9794

From G. H. Darwin   [18 October 1869]


Asks for some money for his fees.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [18 Oct 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6963

From Federico Delpino   1 November 1869


Comments on Hermann Crüger’s paper, sent by CD, on fertilisation of orchids [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 127–35].

Observations on dichogamy in grasses (wheat, rye, barley).

Has not yet read CD’s reply to his article on Pangenesis [Collected papers 2: 158–60].

Author:  Federico Delpino
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 162: 145
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6965

From Charles Lyell   2 November 1869


Comments on Huxley’s address ["Geological reform", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 25 (1869): xxxviii–liii].

Physicists have ignored variation in sea-level in calculating effects.

Doubts if sun only source of heat.

Notes average depth of sea is 15 times height of land.

Criticises CD’s concept of permanent continents.

Sedimentary strata of Alleghenies must have derived from continent located where Atlantic is. Thinks enormous amount of denudation, submergence, and elevation may have accompanied relatively insignificant organic changes.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Nov 1869
Classmark:  Edinburgh University Library, Centre for Research Collections (Gen.113.ff.3734–3737)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6967

From George Cupples   [4–10 November 1869]



Weight statistics on deerhound puppies born 23 Sept 1869.

Author:  George Cupples
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [4–10 Nov 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 83: 147
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6970

From J. J. Moulinié   5 November 1869


Reinwald will be pleased to publish Descent.

He would also like to publish a Moulinié translation of the latest English edition of Origin. Negotiations with the old publisher are needed.

Author:  Jean Jacques Moulinié
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 171: 274
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6971

From Frederick Smith   5 November 1869



Sends reference to stridulation in an article about Scolytus by Dr Chapman "Observations on the economy of British species of Scolytus", Entomol. Mon. Mag. 6 (1870): 126–31.

Author:  Frederick Smith
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 82: 4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6972

From T. H. Farrer   5 November 1869


Sends a "guess" about Mimosa leaf structure as an answer to one of CD’s questions.

Has found a Passiflora princeps.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 164: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6973

From J. V. Carus   6 November 1869


Thanks CD for his kind offer [of translation rights for Descent].

Feels it a duty to make CD’s "way of looking to fields [recte facts] under the guidance of ideas" known to his countrymen, especially since zoologists and physiologists seem to think science is nothing but the accumulation of facts and have almost forgotten to reason about them.

Explains that, contrary to Carl Vogt’s report to CD, he continues as Professor of Comparative Anatomy at Leipzig, but he has failed to get the place of the late Professor of Zoology, as he had hoped.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 161: 73
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6974

From George Busk   7 November 1869


The Polyzoa CD saw emerging from cells of a particular growth appear to be parasites. The main growth is a species of Sertularia; the minute parasites take possession of vacated cells.

Author:  George Busk
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 160: 382
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6975

From John Murray   8 November [1869]


JM advises CD regarding his relations with Masson, the French publisher of the Origin [1866], and the possibility of Reinwald’s publishing a translation of the 5th edition.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 373
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6978
Document type
letter (289)
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Hooker, J. D. (15)
Farrer, T. H. (12)
Cupples, George (10)
Tait, W. C. (9)
Wallace, A. R. (8)
Cooke, R. F. (7)
John Murray (7)
Lubbock, John (7)
Carus, J. V. (6)
Bate, C. S. (5)
Darwin, G. H. (5)
Gray, Asa (5)
Huxley, T. H. (5)
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Müller, Fritz (5)
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Darwin, E. A. (4)
Darwin, W. E. (4)
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Maw, George (4)
Smith, Frederick (a) (4)
Becker, L. E. (3)
Beddoe, John (3)
Claus, C. F. (3)
Croll, James (3)
D. Appleton & Co (3)
Dawkins, W. B. (3)
Delpino, Federico (3)
Eyton, T. C. (3)
Layton, Charles (3)
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Reade, W. W. (3)
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