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To ?   17 December [1866]


Gives information about obtaining the most recent (4th) edition of Origin.

Is glad to hear that his correspondent is interested in the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  17 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  Bloomsbury Auctions (dealers) (22 June 2017)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5310F

To ?   10 May [1866?]


The apparent difference in arm lengths of compositors is due to a drooping shoulder. File-makers stand in a peculiar position and call one of their legs the hind leg.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  10 May [1866?]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5083

To ?   2 August [1866]


Has not seen K. E. von Baer’s paper ["Über Papuas und Alfuren", Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg (Sci. Nat.) 8 (1859): 269–346], but has read extract.

Knew of case of hairy and toothless family through John Crawfurd, Journal of an embassy from the Governor-General of India [2d ed. (1834)].

Working on causes of variability.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  2 Aug [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.318)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5170

From Herbert George Henry Norman   30 November 1866


Encloses foot of a woodcock with earth attached. CD asked about this many years ago with reference to seed dispersal.

Author:  Herbert George Henry Norman
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Nov 1866
Classmark:  DAR 172: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5287

To H. G. H. Norman   [after 30 November 1866]


Thanks his correspondent for remembering to send him a woodcock’s leg and informing him that "from a ball of earth attached to the leg of a Red Partridge no less than 82 plants germinated". [See 5287.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert George Henry Norman
Date:  [after 30 Nov 1866]
Classmark:  Christie’s (dealers) (20 June 1990)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5287A

From J. D. Hooker   [December 1866?]



Asks CD to send W. R. Grove titles and place of publication of the Müller [Für Darwin (1864)] and Walsh (Walsh 1864–5) papers he referred to in his address [BAAS lecture at Nottingham, see 5135].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Dec 1866?]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5288

To Charles Lyell   1 December [1866]


Thanks CL for copy of his "grand book" [Principles of geology, 10th ed., vol. 1 (1867)]. Congratulates him on additions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.322)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5289

From Daniel Hanbury   1 December 1866


Wishes to consult Fritz Müller on pharmacological matters.

Author:  Daniel Hanbury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Dec 1866
Classmark:  DAR 166: 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5291

To Edouard Bornet   1 December 1866


Thanks JBEB for Papaver seeds. Has long wished to see some of the closely allied subspecies and hopes to make some crossing experiments with them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean-Baptiste-Édouard (Édouard) Bornet
Date:  1 Dec 1866
Classmark:  Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, Bibliothèque de Botanique, Paris (Ms CRY 501, fol. 387)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5292

From Fritz Müller   1 December 1866


Gives observations on orchid ovules ripening long after blooming.

Infertility with own pollen sometimes does and sometimes does not indicate dimorphism; gives observations on Ximenia, Eschscholtzia and Oncidium flexuosum.

Describes some striking seeds eaten by birds,

and some new dimorphic species.

Variation in Thillia.

Confirms CD’s suspicion that the lancet-fish [Amphioxus] lives in competition with invertebrates: it shares its habitat with a similar-looking Ophelia, which is quite unlike other annelids, just as the lancet-fish is unlike other fishes.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Dec 1866
Classmark:  Möller ed. 1915–21, 2: 99–102.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5292A

To W. B. Tegetmeier   4 December [1866]


Is tempted to cite Mr Zurhorst’s case.

Hopes to send pigeon and fowl MS [of Variation] to press in a fortnight.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  4 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5293

From J. D. Hooker   4 December 1866



Lyell’s volume [Principles, 10th ed.] received.

"We must now keep him straight anent origin and development."

Some of Spencer’s new part is interesting but much is dull and ponderous.

Huxley’s Elementary physiology [1866].

Has finished his New Zealand manual [Handbook of New Zealand flora (1864–7)]. New Zealand flora [and past geological conditions] suggest islands were once connected.

Speculates on the total amount of living organised matter on the globe, and whether it varies.

Balfour Stewart on sunspots.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Dec 1866
Classmark:  DAR 102: 114–17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5294

To J. D. Hooker   5 December [1866]



Is sending some plants and seeds to JDH.

Thanks Mrs Hooker for telling him of a life of his grandfather [Erasmus Darwin] of which he had not heard.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 307
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5295

To Linnean Society   7 December [1866]


Asks to have author’s spare copies of F. Müller’s article on climbing plants [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 9 (1867): 344] sent to him for forwarding to FM.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Linnean Society
Date:  7 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London, Misc. loose letters, case 1: C. Darwin (5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5297

To Miss Behrens   7 December 1866


Sends his autograph.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Miss Behrens
Date:  7 Dec 1866
Classmark:  Michael Silverman (dealer) (Catalogue 13, 1994)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5297F

From Robert Monsey Rolfe   8 December 1866


Sending annual Down charities cheque.

Author:  Robert Monsey Rolfe, 1st Baron Cranworth of Cranworth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Dec 1866
Classmark:  DAR 161: 234
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5298

From W. B. Tegetmeier   10 December [1866]


WBT interested in ancestors of domestic guinea-fowl, ducks, and geese.

Egg colours in fowls.

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5299

To J. D. Hooker   10 December [1866]



A confounded cock ground the crimson seeds up so CD could not find them in its excrement. CD is puzzled by how seeds can be disseminated if merely ground up by birds. Perhaps like acorns from seeds accidentally dropped by birds?

A woodcock’s leg with dry clay clinging to it, from which CD has grown a microscopical rush.

Spencer would have been wonderful if he had trained himself to observe more.

On New Zealand flora and connection with Australia.

Difficulty of speculating about the amount of organic chemical change at different periods.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 308, 308b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5300

To W. B. Tegetmeier   12 December [1866]


Gives his opinion on the ancestry of domestic ducks, geese, and guinea-fowl.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  12 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5301

From J. D. Hooker   [12 December 1866]



Plants arrived.

Delightful dinner at Lyell’s.

Will be interested in seeds passed through a fowl.

Wedgwood medallions were bought by a Miss W. [Sophy Wedgwood] of Leith Hill.

Lubbock’s account of a new centipede at Linnean Society gave rise to lively discussion by Busk and Huxley.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Dec 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 118–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5302
Document type
letter (407)
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Hooker, J. D. (67)
Tegetmeier, W. B. (18)
Murray, John (b) (17)
Darwin, W. E. (16)
Henslow, George (14)
Lyell, Charles (13)
Müller, Fritz (13)
Gray, Asa (10)
Moggridge, J. T. (9)
Rivers, Thomas (8)
Caspary, Robert (7)
Darwin, E. A. (7)
Haeckel, Ernst (7)
Shaw, James (7)
Wallace, A. R. (7)
Hildebrand, Friedrich (6)
Walsh, B. D. (6)
Bentham, George (5)
Carus, J. V. (5)
Lubbock, John (5)
Suchsland, Rudolf (5)
Bence Jones, Henry (4)
Grove, W. R. (4)
Huxley, T. H. (4)
Rolle, Friedrich (4)
Turner, William (4)
Boole, M. E. (3)
Collingwood, Cuthbert (3)
E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (3)
Farrar, F. W. (3)
Fox, W. D. (3)
Gardeners’ Chronicle (3)
Gray, J. E. (3)
Haast, Julius von (3)
Müller, Albert (3)
Ransome, Frederick (3)
Sulivan, B. J. (3)
Unidentified (3)
Bates, H. W. (2)
Becker, L. E. (2)
Blyth, Edward (2)
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