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To A. C. Ramsay   14 December [1862]


Thanks ACR for Catalogue; pleased some of his volcanic specimens have been included.

Will review T. F. Jamieson’s paper on Glen Roy. Knows the facts and knows too well that he [CD] is everlastingly smashed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Andrew Crombie Ramsay
Date:  14 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.9: 5 (EH 88205978)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3860

To H. W. Bates   15 December [1862]


Thanks for paper and references on variations [missing].

Regrets HWB’s trouble about artists, etc., saying such trouble is a law of nature.

Asks whether HWB has heard of starving Indians who are forced to cook in different ways, and eat new things.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  15 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3861

From John Lubbock   15 December 1862


Thinks Bates’s paper on mimetic butterflies ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566], is very good; would appreciate an article on it from CD ["On mimetic butterflies", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1863): 219–24; Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Dec 1862
Classmark:  DAR 170: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3862

From J. B. Innes   16 December [1862]


News of family and friends.

Saw a white rabbit with black-tipped ears on a moor where only brown ones commonly and black ones occasionally dwell.

Author:  John Brodie Innes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 167: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3863

To John Lubbock   16 [December 1862]


H. W. Bates’s paper; CD will review it. ["Mimetic butterflies" (1863), Collected papers 2: 87–92.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  16 [Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 263
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3864

From John Scott   17 December [1862]


Thanks for Journal of researches and Origin.

Thanks CD for comments on his fern paper [see 3847 and 3853]; has great difficulty in expressing his ideas.

Discusses inheritance and variation.

Asks CD for an account of the experiments he would like JS to perform.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3865

To T. H. Huxley   18 December [1862]


Enthusiastic about Lectures IV and V [Lectures to working men (1863)].

Sends specific comments on fantail pigeon,

sterility of hybrids,

the geological section diagram.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  18 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 186)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3866

From John Lubbock   18 December 1862


Thanks CD for agreeing to review Bates’s paper for Natural History Review.

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Dec 1862
Classmark:  DAR 170: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3867

To John Scott   19 December [1862]


JS should be proud of his paper ["Nature of the fern-spore", Edinburgh New. Philos. J. 2d ser. 16 (1862): 209–27].

CD has just found that JS’s observations on the confluence of two sexes causing variability were independently confirmed by Huxley.

CD has always suspected a fundamental difference between buds and ovules.

Asks for examples of "bud-variation" or "sports".

Asks JS to test germination of pollen on rostellum of Laelia.

Offers JS money for experimental supplies, e.g., netting, to keep insects out of flowers.

Encloses an outline of crossing experiments with Lythraceae, Primula, Pelargonium, and others, which he feels would be valuable.

Note on melastomids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  19 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B35–6, B64–5, B80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3868

To W. B. Tegetmeier   28 [December 1862]


Can WBT help get an answer to a query on ducks?

Has heard of a case of special sterility in cattle, in which a particular pair are sterile, but the individuals are both fertile with others.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  28 [Dec 1862]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3869

To George William Johnson or Robert Hogg   20 December [1862]


Thanks correspondent for sending him a strawberry hybrid.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George William Johnson
Date:  20 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  C. H. Hughes-Johnson (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3870

To J. D. Hooker   [21 December 1862]



Thanks for Begonia and Oxalis.

Keeps obstinate about crossing and could argue till doomsday, but will not bother JDH.

Sees that JDH has finished Welwitschia.

Thinks Huxley’s Working Men’s Lectures excellent.

Has finished Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105],

and abstract of Bates’s paper for Natural History Review,

and has begun to arrange concluding chapters [for Variation]. Is paralysed on how to begin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [21 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 174
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3871

To J. B. Innes   22 December [1862]


Family and local news.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Brodie Innes
Date:  22 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3872

From Francis Boott   22 December [1862]


Has had news from Asa Gray about Civil War.

Belatedly thanks CD for Orchids, which shows CD to be the successor to Gilbert White.

Author:  Francis Boott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 251
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3873

To Thomas Rivers   23 December [1862]


CD is collecting [for Variation] all accounts of what some call "sports" and what he calls "bud-variations". He asks whether very slight variations in fruit appear suddenly by buds, or whether only rather strongly marked varieties thus appear.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Rivers
Date:  23 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (23–4 July 1987)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3874

To James Anderson   23 December [1862]


Has heard from Asa Gray [see 3850] that JA is bringing live plants over for CD. Gives address for forwarding box to Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Anderson
Date:  23 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  Autographia (dealers) San Rafael, California
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3874A

To J. D. Hooker   24 December [1862]



Thanks for Dawson’s letter. Doubts his evidence that climate of land was not glacial when upheaved after submergence.

Encloses memorandum of questions for C. V. Naudin.

Expression of the emotions.

Is building a hothouse for plant experimenting.

JDH’s ideas on America are more atrocious than his. What a new idea that struggle for existence is necessary to try to purge a government! Probably true. Slavery draws him one way one day, another the next. Yankees are "detestable toward us". Tocqueville.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 177
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3875

From Francis Boott   26 December 1862


On his particular spiritual faith; worships great naturalists and authors.

Does not wish to see American newspapers that Asa Gray offers to send, or hear about Civil War.

Author:  Francis Boott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Dec 1862
Classmark:  DAR 160: 253
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3876

To W. B. Tegetmeier   27 [December 1862]


CD interested in hybrid sterility and encloses his preliminary MS. Outlines experiments to test for existence of sterility in breeds of poultry and pigeons.

Experiments on dimorphism have led him to change in part his opinion as given in Origin, and he is now asking pigeon and poultry fanciers for any examples of special selective sterility [i.e., a particular pair are sterile when crossed, but each individual is fertile with others] and hopes to investigate its inheritance.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  27 [Dec 1862]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3877

To T. H. Huxley   28 December [1862]


Returns Kingsley’s letter [see ML 1: 225 n.].

Lectures [to working men] would do good if widely circulated.

On sterility, they differ so much there is no use arguing. To get the degree of sterility THH expects in recently formed varieties seems to CD simply hopeless. Has suggested a test experiment to Tegetmeier [two fertile birds paired and unproductive].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  28 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 189, 19: 209–12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3878
Document type
letter (547)
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Hooker, J. D. (84)
Gray, Asa (37)
Darwin, W. E. (32)
Oliver, Daniel (23)
Bates, H. W. (22)
Lubbock, John (20)
Oxenden, G. C. (17)
Huxley, T. H. (15)
Murray, John (b) (11)
Falconer, Hugh (10)
Scott, John (10)
Babington, C. C. (8)
Bronn, H. G. (8)
Holland, Henry (8)
Innes, J. B. (8)
Crocker, C. W. (7)
Wallace, A. R. (7)
Darwin, E. A. (6)
Journal of Horticulture (6)
Lyell, Charles (6)
Masters, M. T. (6)
Ramsay, A. C. (6)
Bentham, George (5)
Nevill, D. F. (5)
Sulivan, B. J. (5)
Tegetmeier, W. B. (5)
Unidentified (5)
Blomefield, Leonard (4)
Clarke, W. B. (b) (4)
Cresy, Edward, Jr (4)
Fox, W. D. (4)
Gray, J. E. (4)
Jenyns, Leonard (4)
More, A. G. (4)
Thwaites, G. H. K. (4)
Alberts, Maurice (3)
Boott, Francis (3)
Brown-Séquard, C. É. (3)
Candolle, Alphonse de (3)
E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (3)
Higgins, John (3)
Jamieson, T. F. (3)
Jukes, J. B. (3)
Maw, George (3)
Parkes, E. A. (3)
Quatrefages de Bréau, Armand de Quatrefages (3)
Vaughan Williams, M. S. (3)
Wedgwood, M. S. (3)
Westwood, J. O. (3)
Balfour, J. H. (2)
Claparède, Edouard (2)
Clarke, R. T. (2)
Currey, Frederick (2)
Darwin, G. H. (2)
Harris, G. E. (2)
Hildebrand, Friedrich (2)
Johnson, Henry (a) (2)
King, P. G. (2)
Kingsley, Charles (2)
Kippist, Richard (2)
Leighton, W. A. (2)
Ludwig, Camilla (2)
Matthew, Patrick (2)
Murray, Andrew (2)
Pattrick, Camilla (2)
Rivers, Thomas (2)
Rütimeyer, Ludwig (2)
Sclater, P. L. (2)
Smith, Frederick (a) (2)
Société Impériale Zoologique d’Acclimatation (2)
Swinhoe, Robert (2)
Woodbury, T. W. (2)
Anderson, James (1)
Appleton, T. G. (1)
Bateman, James (1)
Bateman, Robert (1)
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Bennet, C. A. (b) (1)
Bienen Zeitung (1)
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Büchner, Ludwig (1)
Dana, J. D. (1)
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Fitch, Adam (1)
Gardeners’ Chronicle (1)
Gibson, J. B. (1)
Goubert, E. M. J. M. P. (1)
Haast, Julius von (1)
Harrison, L. C. (1)
Hofmann, A. W. von (1)
Horner, Leonard (1)
Johnson, G. W. (1)
Kirby, W. F. (1)
Lindley, John (1)
Linnean Society (1)
Litchfield, H. E. (1)
Martens, Conrad (1)
Mellersh, Arthur (1)
Natural History Review (1)
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Newman, Edward (1)
Pamplin, William (1)
Pritchard, Charles (1)
Rogers, John (a) (1)
Rolfe, R. M. (1)
Rolle, Friedrich (1)
Royal Society of London (1)
Salter, J. W. (1)
Seemann, B. C. (1)
Smith, Andrew (1)
St Barbe, John (1)
Stanhope, P. H. (1)
Tollet, Georgina (1)
Trübner, Nicholas (1)
Union Bank (1)
Walker, Francis (1)
Watson, H. C. (1)
Wedgwood, L. C. (1)
Wedgwood, Sophy (1)
White, Walter (1)
Wood, S. V. (1)
Wooler, W. A. (1)
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