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To T. F. Jamieson   21 November 1862


CD expresses his high opinion of TFJ’s scientific qualifications for lecturing on agriculture.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Francis Jamieson
Date:  21 Nov 1862
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (MS 5406: 171–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3818

To John Higgins   21 November 1862


Acknowledges receipt of £245 18s.

JH’s account of the Tomline estate gives CD some regret.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  21 Nov 1862
Classmark:  Dominic Winter Auctioneers (dealers) (10 April 2019, lot 138)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3818F

To Daniel Oliver   23 [November 1862]


Examined Epilobium 20 or 30 years ago at Shrewsbury. In a flash remembered it as dimorphic, but had forgotten its name.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  23 [Nov 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 57 (EH 88206040)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3819

To Asa Gray   23 November [1862]


Recommends H. W. Bates’s paper on butterflies of Amazonia ["Insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566].

Lyell’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)] is eagerly awaited.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  23 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (49)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3820

From Edward Blyth   23 November 1862


EB has had his pension disallowed; is coming to England.

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 160.2: 204, DAR 205.2: 216
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3821

To J. D. Hooker   24 [November 1862]



Sends Asa Gray letter: "nearly as mad as ever in our English eyes".

Bates’s paper is admirable. The act of segregation of varieties into species was never so plainly brought forth.

CD is a little sorry that his present work is leading him to believe rather more in the direct action of physical conditions. Regrets it because it lessens the glory of natural selection and is so confoundedly doubtful.

JDH laid too much stress on importance of crossing with respect to origin of species; but certainly it is important in keeping forms stable.

If only Owen could be excluded from Council of Royal Society Falconer would be good to put in. CD must come down to London to see what he can do.

Falconer’s article in Journal of the Geological Society [18 (1862): 348–69] shows him coming round on permanence of species, but he does not like natural selection.

Sends Lythrum salicaria diagram.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 [Nov 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 173, 279b; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Hooker letters 2: 46 JDH/2/1/2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3822

From Asa Gray   24 November 1862


Gives reference to his observations on tendrils [Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 4: 98–9].

Notes cases in which the pollen of the fertilising plant affects the form of the fruit of the fertilised plant, e.g., gourds and maize.

Discusses the Civil War and the attitudes of the English press.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3823

From C. W. Crocker   24 November 1862


Answers on Begonia.

Snapdragon crossing experiments.

Thanks for offer of plants.

Author:  Charles William Crocker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 161.2: 259
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3824

From H. W. Bates   24 November 1862


Gratified by CD’s approval of paper which was also praised by Hooker and Wallace. Only cares for one other opinion, that of C. Felder of Vienna. He finds ordinary entomologists are not scientific men. Asks for more criticisms; desires to publish paper in a widely circulating journal to advertise his book.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 160.1: 72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3825

To Journal of Horticulture   [before 25 November 1862]


Asks correspondents whether any kinds of strawberries now cultivated have been raised from a cross between the wood or alpine strawberry and the scarlet, pine, or Chili strawberry.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 25 Nov 1862]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman, n.s. 3 (1862): 672
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3826

To H. W. Bates   25 November [1862]


[Apparently in reply to question in missing portion of 3825.] A written agreement is unnecessary, but a letter stating terms would prevent misundertanding. He will attempt to have a review of HWB’s paper published.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  25 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3827

From Daniel Oliver   25 November 1862


Informs CD of possible dimorphism of Epilobium angustifolium.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 111 (ser. 2): 61–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3828

From Richard Trevor Clarke   [after 25 November 1862]


Replies to CD’s inquiry about cross-breeds of strawberries [Collected papers 2: 70]. Has been crossing for years.

Author:  Richard Trevor Clarke
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 25 Nov 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 161.2: 166
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3829

To Asa Gray   26[–7] November [1862]


Discusses AG’s article ["Dimorphism", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 419–20]. Does not like the terms "dioecio-dimorphism" or "precocious fertilisation". Discusses the separation of sexes in plants; cannot doubt that hermaphroditism is the aboriginal state.

Discusses AG’s observations on orchids and his review of Orchids [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 138–51].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  26[–7] Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (50)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3830

From J. D. Hooker   26 November 1862



Returns Asa Gray letter. Gray has made a great blunder in his criticism of Oliver: he mistakes perpetuation of a variety for "propagation of variation". Confusion between "action of physical causes" and "effects of physical causes". Neither crossing nor natural selection has made so many divergent individuals, but simply variation. "If once you hold that natural selection can create a character your whole doctrine tumbles to the ground." CD’s failure to convey this, and the false doctrine that "like produces like" is at bottom of half the scientific infidelity to CD’s doctrine. There is something to the objection that CD has made a deus ex machina of natural selection since he neglects to dwell on the facts of infinite incessant variations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 61–2, 77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3831

To William Allport Leighton   26 November [1862]


For his work on dimorphism, CD asks WAL if he can send roots of two forms of Epilobium angustifolium. He doubts that they are reciprocally connected like the two forms of Primula, but will try the experiment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Allport Leighton
Date:  26 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Milton D. Forsyth, Jr (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3832

From Robert Monsey Rolfe, Lord Cranworth   28 November 1862


Sends cheque to CD for Down parish charities.

Author:  Robert Monsey Rolfe, 1st Baron Cranworth of Cranworth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 161: 229
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3833

To J. D. Hooker   [after 26] November [1862]



Discusses differences between Asa Gray’s view and his own on crossing. A common effect is the obliteration of incipient varieties. There is heavy evidence against new characters arising from crossing wild forms, "only intermediate races are then produced". Innate vital forces are somehow led to act differently as a result of direct effect of physical conditions. Astonished by JDH’s statement that every difference might have occurred without selection. CD agrees, but JDH’s manner of putting it astonished him. CD says, "think of each of a thousand seeds bringing forth its plant, and then each a thousand … I cannot even grapple with idea". Responds to JDH’s and Lyell’s feeling that he made too much of a deus ex machina out of natural selection. [Letter actually dated 20 Nov but is certainly after 3831.] [wrong field?]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [after 26] Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 172
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3834

From Arthur Mellersh   30 November [1862]


He is going to S. America as captain of a ship. Offers to bring back fossils for CD and B. J. Sulivan.

He is going to domesticate the Patagonian bird "something like a guinea fowl" in Sussex. He shot the only Beagle specimen.

Author:  Arthur Mellersh
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 171.1: 145
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3836

From R. T. Clarke   [after 27 November 1862]


Sends strawberries.

Author:  Richard Trevor Clarke
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 27 Nov 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 161.2: 167
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3837
Document type
letter (547)
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Hooker, J. D. (84)
Gray, Asa (37)
Darwin, W. E. (32)
Oliver, Daniel (23)
Bates, H. W. (22)
Lubbock, John (20)
Oxenden, G. C. (17)
Huxley, T. H. (15)
Murray, John (b) (11)
Falconer, Hugh (10)
Scott, John (10)
Babington, C. C. (8)
Bronn, H. G. (8)
Holland, Henry (8)
Innes, J. B. (8)
Crocker, C. W. (7)
Wallace, A. R. (7)
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Journal of Horticulture (6)
Lyell, Charles (6)
Masters, M. T. (6)
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Bentham, George (5)
Nevill, D. F. (5)
Sulivan, B. J. (5)
Tegetmeier, W. B. (5)
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