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To Daniel Oliver   12 [April 1862]

Summary

DO’s observations on polymorphism in Primula and Campanula. CD recognises three classes of dimorphism, as in Primula, Thymus, and Campanula and violets.

DO’s Campanula paper and Royal Institution lecture [Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 3 (1858–62): 431–3].

CD’s interest in Fumariaceae from A. Gray’s comments on "selfing".

Bees bite holes in flowers when same species grows in high density.

Organisation of CD’s notes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  12 [Apr 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 1 (EH 88205985)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3504

To Daniel Oliver   20 [April 1862]

Summary

Requests Oxalis acetosella, which he suspects is dimorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  20 [Apr 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 56 (EH 88206039)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3512

To Daniel Oliver   24 April [1862]

Summary

Thanks for Oxalis. Only experimentation will show whether disproportion of long- to short-styled flowers is a functional dimorphism.

Case of aestival flowers is very curious.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  24 Apr [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 47 (EH 88206030)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3516

To Daniel Oliver   [before 11 June 1862]

Summary

Asa Gray approves of Orchids; his work on American species confirms CD’s findings.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [before 11 June 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 33 (EH 88206016)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3583

To Daniel Oliver   8 June [1862]

Summary

Describes floral anatomy of a Catasetum sent by DO.

Has gone on from orchids to studying insect agency in Pelargonium.

His doubts on the worth of publishing Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  8 June [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 32 (EH 88206015)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3592

To Daniel Oliver   24 July [1862]

Summary

Asa Gray has a self-fertilising Platanthera, like the bee orchid. CD believes problem of the latter will some day be explained. Speculates [Ophrys] arachnites may be crossing form and bee orchid self-fertilising form of the same species.

Cytisus adami is a puzzle.

Pleased if DO will review Orchids [Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 371–6] .

His review of Primula paper was capital. [Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 235–43].

Requests peloric plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  24 July [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 34 (EH 88206017)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3664

To Daniel Oliver   29 [July 1862]

Summary

Cares more for dimorphism now than for orchids. Today saw the three forms of Lythrum, which means there should be 18 different practicable crosses.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  29 [July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 55 (EH 88206038)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3702

To Daniel Oliver   2 September [1862]

Summary

Exciting work on trimorphism in Lythrum salicaria. Requests Lythraceae from Kew.

Wants to know of plants other than Melastoma and Lythrum with coloured pollen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  2 Sept [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 35 (EH 88206018)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3706

To Daniel Oliver   [17 September 1862]

Summary

Performed a large number of Lythrum crosses before leaving home.

Working on Drosera for amusement. Has tried effect on plants of vegetable substances active on animal nervous systems, e.g., opium; makes Drosera inactive for hours.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [17 Sept 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 36 (EH 88206019)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3709

To Daniel Oliver   14 September [1862]

Summary

Asks DO to name enclosed Lythrum received from CD’s sister-in-law [Sarah Elizabeth Wedgwood]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  14 Sept [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 37 (EH 88206020)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3720

To Daniel Oliver   13 October [1862]

Summary

Requests Linum, for dimorphism study.

Reviewer of Orchids [Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 371–6]is correct about the organisation of the book; he wonders who the reviewer is.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  13 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 66, 37 (EH 88206049, EH 88206020)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3758

To Daniel Oliver   23 [November 1862]

Summary

Examined Epilobium 20 or 30 years ago at Shrewsbury. In a flash remembered it as dimorphic, but had forgotten its name.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  23 [Nov 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 57 (EH 88206040)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3819

To Daniel Oliver   15 April [1862]

Summary

Encourages DO to publish his paper and put his name to it. [Paper apparently not published.] Concurs with his views on primordial nature of hermaphroditism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  15 Apr [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 45 (EH 88206028)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4097

From Daniel Oliver   16 September 1862

Summary

Envelope containing specimens (apparently mentioned in the letter from Daniel Oliver 27 February 1863 (S 4015)).

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Sept 1862
Classmark:  DAR 142: 104
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13891G

From Daniel Oliver   [4–8 February 1862]

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Summary

Cites descriptions of melastomads in C. V. Naudin, Annales des Sciences Naturelles 3d ser., vols. 12–18.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [4–8 Feb 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 205.8: 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2916

From Daniel Oliver   10 April 1862

Summary

Now believes flowers of Fumariaceae must be self-fertilised.

Planning a piece on dimorphism in the Natural History Review ["On the two forms, or dimorphic condition, in the species of Primula … by Charles Darwin", n.s. 2 (1862): 235–43].

Observations on Campanula dimorphism.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Apr 1862
Classmark:  DAR 173.1: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3502

From Daniel Oliver   23 April 1862

Summary

Distinguishes two kinds of floral dimorphism: that affecting sexual organs and that affecting outer envelopes.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Apr 1862
Classmark:  DAR 173.1: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3515

From Daniel Oliver   14 May 1862

Summary

Thanks for Orchids.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 May 1862
Classmark:  DAR 173.1: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3546

From Daniel Oliver   28 July 1862

Summary

Sends orchids from W. H. Gower.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 173: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3668

From Daniel Oliver   4 September 1862

Summary

Sends flowers with anthers of two colours.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Sept 1862
Classmark:  DAR 173: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3711
Document type
letter (23)
Author
Addressee
Correspondent
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Oliver, Daniel[X]
Date
1862
02 (1)
04 (7)
05 (1)
06 (2)
07 (3)
09 (6)
10 (1)
11 (2)
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