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From John Lubbock   30 October 1862

Summary

Hopes to visit tomorrow if CD is up to it.

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Oct 1862
Classmark:  DAR 170: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3788

To W. E. Darwin   30 [October 1862]

Summary

Thanks WED for observations on Lythrum.

Discusses family affairs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  30 [Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3789

From W. E. Darwin   [5 October 1862]

Summary

Has found Lythrum, and sends some. Wants to know what CD thinks of frog discussion between Sandars and James. Asks CD to send objects for microscope demonstration. Means to go see the London Exhibition again. Has finished reading Orley Farm and returns it.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [5 Oct 1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3789F

From C. W. Crocker   31 October 1862

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Summary

Difficulties in beginning experiments upon retirement.

Describes his observations on insect pollination of Antirrhinum and the effect of excluding the pollinators.

Has been observing variant forms of Plantago

and comparing local orchids with CD’s observations.

Possibility of an intermediate-styled primrose.

His experiments at Kew and J. B. Lawes’s at Harpenden on deterioration of vegetables and cereals.

Author:  Charles William Crocker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Oct 1862
Classmark:  DAR 76 (ser. 2): 84a–d
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3790

To Natural History Review   [before 10 October 1862]

Summary

In his work on cirripedes [Cirripedia, vol. 1 Lepadidae (1851), pp. 53–5] CD described a particular organ as an "auditory-sac" although he was unable to trace the supposed nerve from it to any ganglion. August Krohn [in "Observations on the development of the Cirripedia", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 6 (1859): 423–8] concluded that the organ was ovarian. CD supposes that Krohn is correct, but gives further observations that suggest an auditory function. If someone could find ova within the curious organ it would confirm Krohn’s view.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Natural History Review
Date:  [before 10 Oct 1862]
Classmark:  Natural History Review n.s. 3 (1863): 115–16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3895

To Hugh Falconer   1 October [1862]

Summary

Extreme interest in MS of HF’s paper on the American fossil elephant [Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 3 (1863): 43–114].

Pleased HF does not believe in immutable species. Significance of proboscidean group verging towards extinction. Comments on natural selection preserving type despite variability. Natural selection solves problem of how every part of each creature has become adapted.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  1 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3746

To Charles Lyell   1 October [1862]

Summary

Mentions a discussion of man by Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in his Histoire naturelle générale [1854–62].

Mentions a book by Friedrich Rolle [Ch. Darwin’s Lehre von der Entstehung der Arten (1863)].

Cites evolutionary statements on elephants by Hugh Falconer and notes Falconer’s objection to natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.282)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3747

To A. G. More   1 October [1862]

Summary

Thanks for information. Asks for more information about labellum of orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Goodman More
Date:  1 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  Royal Irish Academy (A. G. More papers RIA MS 4 B 46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3748

From B. J. Sulivan   2 October [1862]

Summary

Hopes to visit CD with Mellersh and Wickham the week after next.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 276
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3749

From Hugh Falconer   3 October 1862

Summary

Inquires whether previous letter was received by CD.

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Oct 1862
Classmark:  DAR 164: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3750

From Hugh Falconer   4 October 1862

Summary

Although their views differ, HF is glad they can discuss those differences without offending.

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Oct 1862
Classmark:  DAR 164: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3751

To Hugh Falconer   4 October [1862]

Summary

Explains that he returned the MS - part of a paper on fossil and living species of elephant (Falconer 1863) - to Falconer’s house in Park Crescent the previous Thursday.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  4 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  Maggs Bros, Autograph Letters & Historical Documents, Cat. 1345, 2003
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3751F

From Asa Gray   4 and 13 October 1862

Summary

Thinks Max Müller’s Lectures on the science of language [1861–4] will do a real service to CD and natural selection.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 and 13 Oct 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3752

To J. D. Hooker   6 October [1862]

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Summary

Thanks for opinion on Drosera. After working for a time on a subject he is absolutely incapable of judging its value.

Has found a case in Lythrum of a necessary triple alliance between three hermaphrodites; the strangest case of propagation recorded among plants or animals.

Asks for L. thymifolia to see how a trimorphic form passes or graduates into dimorphic.

Questions JDH on Linum perenne.

Has found 33 hybrids in one field between Verbascum thapsus and V. lychnitis. The perfect series of varieties would have justified running the species together, but every one of the intermediate forms is sterile.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 164
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3753

To John Murray   7 October [1862?]

Summary

Reports misprint in announcement of his book [Orchids].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  7 Oct [1862?]
Classmark:  Christie’s (dealers) (27 March 1985)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3753A

From Henry Johnson   8 October 1862

Summary

Doubts he has a chance of being elected F.R.S. because he is 58.

Will send a skull.

Author:  Henry Johnson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Oct 1862
Classmark:  DAR 168: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3754

From W. E. Darwin   9 October 1862

Summary

Discusses length of pistils, and measuring seeds and pods for botanical work.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Oct 1862
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3754F

From T. H. Huxley   9 October 1862

Summary

The BAAS meeting at Cambridge was exhausting.

Owen came to attack him but was beaten; his paper fell flat.

A "society for propagation of common honesty in all parts of the world" was established at Cambridge [THH’s "Thorough Club"?].

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Oct 1862
Classmark:  DAR 166.2: 294
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3755

From T. H. Huxley   10 October [1862]

Summary

Thanks for a contribution ["On the so-called ""auditory-sac"" of cirripedes", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1863): 115–16; Collected papers 2: 85–7]. Is sending a proof.

This year’s lecture to working men to be devoted to CD’s book.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 166.2: 295
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3756

From W. E. Darwin   11 October [1862]

Summary

Sends comments on Lythrum.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3756F
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