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To ?   20 June [1861–8]


Sends a copy of the paper [with A. R. Wallace, "On the tendency of species to form varieties" (1858), Collected papers 2: 3–19] about which his correspondent asked; CD’s parts were written years ago and not intended for publication; he gave permission for publication of the extracts. Wallace’s paper seems to him excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  20 June [1861-8]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13879

To ?   24 August [1861–8]


Thanks correspondent for a remarkable instance of inheritance [not specified].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  24 Aug [1861-8]
Classmark:  Wellcome Collection (MS.7781/1–32 item 28)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13880

To ?   25 November [1861–8]


Has read correspondent’s notice on bent cleavage. Refers him to observations on the same fact in South America, p. 160. CD has also suggested a conjectural explanation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  25 Nov [1861-8]
Classmark:  Royal Institution of Great Britain (RI MS F/1/M)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13881

To ?   31 December [1861–8]


"As I have never especially attended to Conchology I am sorry to say I cannot tell you the name of the enclosed shell which I now return–"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  31 Dec [1861-8]
Classmark:  J. David Archibald (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13881A

To William Samuel Symonds   26 March [1861]


Thanks correspondent for book on old bones.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  26 Mar [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.242)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3099

To ?   7 May [1861–8?]


CD is obliged for the offer, but he is "too much occupied to contribute to any periodicals".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  7 May [1861-8]
Classmark:  DAR 249: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3141

To ?    [before 25 May 1861]


Is obliged to Mr Bennett for information, the same relayed through Consul General Mr Crowe.

CD is interested in information that provides insight into the colour of the aboriginal horse and the possibility that the offspring of a cross between differently-coloured breeds revert to the colour of the aboriginal parent. He has examined crosses between pigeons for this purpose and would welcome any analogous facts resulting from crossing of distinct breeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [before 25 May 1861]
Classmark:  The Field, the Farm, the Garden, the Country Gentleman’s Newspaper 17 (1861): 451
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3156A

To ?   11 June [1861–8]


CD regrets he has to turn down an invitation because of his ill health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  11 June [1861-8]
Classmark:  Christie’s, London (dealers) (online 31 October – 8 November 2018, lot 6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3179F

To ?   8 December [1861–8]


Thanks for information on inheritance of mental peculiarities in cats.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  8 Dec [1861-8]
Classmark:  Dr Jeremy J. C. Mallinson (private collection); sold at Sotheby’s (dealers), 11 December 2017, lot 50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13770J

To Lionel Smith Beale   26 October [1861]


Subscribes to present for Mrs J. T. Quekett only on condition that no public testimonial is planned for JTQ.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Lionel Smith Beale
Date:  26 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  Scripps College, Denison Library (Perkins Autograph Letter Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3300

To J. D. Hooker   27 October [1861]



Acropera anatomy puzzling. Malaxis anatomy deciphered.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3301

To W. E. Darwin   [27 October 1861]


Discusses affairs at Down and Southampton.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [27 Oct 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3302

To T. H. Huxley   31 October [1861]


Owen’s new résumé of his brain doctrine ["On the cerebral character of man and ape", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 7 (1861): 456–8]; an attack on CD’s views. Quotes Owen on cavillers and controversialists.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  31 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 194)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3303

To J. D. Hooker   1 November [1861]



Orchid anatomy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Nov [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3304

To J. D. Hooker   1 November [1861]



Orchid homologies.

Sensitive responses in Catasetum.

Acropera becoming clear.

T. F. Jamieson impressed by JDH’s work on Himalayan glaciers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Nov [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3305

To John Lindley   1 November [1861]


CD is sending an orchid flower; asks JL to identify it.

Also asks if JL can spare a dried flower of another orchid (name forgotten) [which CD describes] so that he can try to trace its ducts or spiral vessels.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lindley
Date:  1 Nov [1861]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Lindley letters, A–K: 195)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3306

To W. E. Darwin   4 November [1861]


Reports events at Down;

has been doing good work on the homologies of orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  4 Nov [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3307

To J. D. Hooker   5 [November 1861]



Asks JDH to look at movement of labellum in an orchid.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 [Nov 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3308

To J. D. Hooker   6 [November 1861]



Rostellum of Masdevallia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 [Nov 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 127
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3309

To J. D. Hooker   7 November [1861]



JDH’s Fernando Po case.

Madeiran fauna pre-glacial according to Oswald Heer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Nov [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 125
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3310
Document type
letter (375)
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Hooker, J. D. (59)
Darwin, W. E. (18)
Oliver, Daniel (17)
Lyell, Charles (16)
Gray, Asa (15)
Lubbock, John (14)
Murray, John (b) (14)
Tegetmeier, W. B. (14)
Bates, H. W. (11)
More, A. G. (10)
Unidentified (9)
Bentham, George (8)
Lindley, John (8)
Huxley, T. H. (7)
Sclater, P. L. (7)
Journal of Horticulture (6)
Maw, George (6)
Gardeners’ Chronicle (5)
Rolleston, George (5)
Eyton, T. C. (4)
Gordon, George (b) (4)
Innes, J. B. (4)
Jamieson, T. F. (4)
Nevill, D. F. (4)
Watson, H. C. (4)
Williams & Norgate (4)
Brent, B. P. (3)
Davidson, Thomas (3)
Fawcett, Henry (3)
Kippist, Richard (3)
Murray, Andrew (3)
The Field (3)
Westwood, J. O. (3)
Birch, Samuel (2)
Chambers, Robert (2)
Clarke, W. B. (b) (2)
Crawfurd, John (2)
Crocker, C. W. (2)
Darwin, Emma (2)
Falconer, Hugh (2)
Fox, W. D. (2)
Higgins, John (2)
Hindmarsh, Luke (2)
Horner, Leonard (2)
Salt, Thomas (2)
Tyndall, John (2)
Wedgwood, Emma (2)
Wyman, Jeffries (2)
Arnott, Neil (1)
Bartlett, A. D. (1)
Baxter, W. W. (1)
Beale, L. S. (1)
Bence Jones, Henry (1)
Blomefield, Leonard (1)
Busk, George (1)
Colgate, Robert (1)
Collingwood, Cuthbert (1)
Cresy, Edward, Jr (1)
Crotch, W. D. (1)
Dickie, George (1)
Duncan, P. M. (1)
Geikie, Archibald (1)
Glennie, J. D., Jr (1)
Gould, John (1)
Gower, W. H. (1)
Grant, R. E. (1)
Greene, J. R. (1)
Guépin, J.-B. P. (1)
Hardy, Charles (1)
Heer, Oswald (1)
Henslow, J. S. (1)
Herschel, J. F. W. (1)
Hunt, James (b) (1)
Hutton, F. W. (1)
Jenyns, Leonard (1)
Lamont, James (1)
Leidy, Joseph (1)
Lincecum, Gideon (1)
Lovegrove, Charles (1)
Malden, B. S. (1)
Newman, H. W. (1)
Quatrefages de Bréau, Armand de Quatrefages (1)
Rogers, John (a) (1)
Rütimeyer, Ludwig (1)
Skirving, R. S. (1)
Smith, Frederick (a) (1)
Sulivan, B. J. (1)
Temple, Frederick (1)
Undersecretary, Linnean Society (1)
University of Breslau (1)
Walford, Edward (1)
Walker, Francis (1)
Wallace, A. R. (1)
Waterhouse, G. R. (1)
Wedgwood, F. J. (1)
Wilson, B. O’N. (1)
Winkler, T. C. (1)
Woodbury, T. W. (1)
Woodward, S. P. (1)
Wooler, W. A. (1)
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