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From E. A. Darwin   12 November [1860–8]


Sends the tithes.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov [1860-8]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4340

To M. T. Masters   25 April [1860]


Glad to hear of MTM’s papers [? "On a peloria and semidouble flower of Ophrys aranifera, Huds.", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 207–11 and "Observations on the morphology and anatomy of the genus Restio, Linn.", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 211–55].

CD doubts the value, for origin of species, of parallels between peloria in "distinct groups".

Gärtner proved the stigma can select its own pollen from a mixture of foreign pollens. But much evidence shows varieties of same species are prepotent over a plant’s own pollen.

MTM’s father [William] believes that variation goes on for a long time once it has commenced.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Date:  25 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School Archives (SR/Darwin box 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4818

To Charles Lyell   12 [March 1860]


Discusses the intellectual development of the ancient Greeks as an objection to evolution and gives his reply.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  12 [Mar 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.203)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5032

To F. M. Wedgwood   5 March [1860–9]


Thanks for a shell of an edible mollusc and also specimens of blind cave animals, which he will present in FW’s name to the British Museum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frances Mosley (Fanny Frank) Wedgwood
Date:  5 Mar [1860–9]
Classmark:  Alan Wedgwood (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5984F

From John Cattell   [after 5 May 1860]



Future orders will be highly esteemed.

Author:  John Cattell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 5 May 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 53.2: 167r
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9213

To John Innes   18 July [1860]


Henrietta’s illness.

CD’s resort to [E. W. Lane’s] water-cure.

Other family news.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Brodie Innes
Date:  18 July [1860]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2870

To J. D. Hooker   19 [July 1860]



Asa Gray’s anonymous review.

"Intensely interested" in orchid homologies; like a "game of chess".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 [July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2871

To W. B. Tegetmeier   20 July [1860]


Asks whether crossing breeds of hive-bees is advantageous

and whether different pigeon breeds have different incubation periods.

Explains and apologises for the lack of detailed quotations in Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  20 July [1860]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2872

To T. H. Huxley   20 July [1860]


On the Fraser’s Magazine review by Hopkins [see 2860] and the Quarterly Review article by Wilberforce ["Darwin’s Origin of species", 108 (1860): 225–64]. The course of opinion since Oxford BAAS meeting. Asa Gray.

Need for Natural History Review, but fears it will be a burden for THH and lessen his original work. His own problem with work: if he had other duties he would be able to do absolutely nothing in science.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  20 July [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 125)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2873

To John Lubbock   20 July [1860]


Is puzzled what to think about the [Natural History] Review. Doubts that it is wise that JL and Huxley should give up time to it: "if it would stop your doing original work you ought not, even pro bono publico, undertake the new work".

Reports on Henrietta’s health.

The Quarterly Review [108 (1860): 255–64] quizzes CD "capitally" and he read it with thorough enjoyment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  20 July [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 40a (EH 88206447)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2874

To J. D. Hooker   [20? July 1860]



CD’s reaction to review of the Origin [by Samuel Wilberforce] in Quarterly Review [see 2881].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [20? July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 33a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2875

To Asa Gray   22 July [1860]


Greatly praises AG’s discussion of Origin in Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. [4 (1860): 411–15; 424–6].

Mentions other reviews of Origin; believes the BAAS meeting at Oxford greatly advanced the subject. Has heard his views are gaining ground in Germany.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  22 July [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2876

From Charles Hardy   23 July 1860



CD mistaken, in Origin, p. 73, in saying that only humble-bees visit red clover.

Author:  Charles Hardy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 July 1860
Classmark:  DAR 76 (ser. 2): 170
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2877

To J. D. Hooker   [17 July 1860]



Asa Gray’s articles in Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences [10 Apr 1860] excellent; considering asking Athenæum to reprint them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [17 July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2878

To Charles Hardy   27 July [1860]


Thanks CH for correction of blunder in Origin about hive-bees sucking clover: "a greater kindness than a new fact".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Hardy
Date:  27 July [1860]
Classmark:  Smithsonian Libraries (Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology MSS 405 A. Gift of the Burndy Library)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2879

To J. D. Hooker   29 July [1860]



Casual observations on Drosera.

Wants to know author of good review of Origin in London Review [& Wkly J. Polit. 1 (1860): 11–12, 32–3, 58–9].

Athenæum will reprint Gray’s discussion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 July [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2880

To Charles Lyell   30 July [1860]


Comments on BAAS meeting: "our side seems to have got on very well". Asa Gray, too, is fighting nobly.

Comments on review [by Samuel Wilberforce] in the Quarterly [Rev. 108 (1860): 225–64].

Mentions a favourable review in the London Review.

Wonders if German translation [of the Origin] by Bronn has drawn attention to the subject.

The Natural History Review to be edited by Huxley and others.

Expects CL’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)] to be a bombshell.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  30 July [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.222)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2881

To James Dwight Dana   30 July [1860]


Has been able to do nothing in science of late due to illness [of Henrietta].

When JDD reads Origin, CD knows he will be opposed to it, but he will be liberal and philosophical, which is more than he can say for his English opponents.

Has not yet seen L. Agassiz’s attack, but in principle avoids answering.

No one understands Origin so well as Asa Gray.

At BAAS meeting at Oxford, CD’s side seems almost to have got the best of the battle.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Dwight Dana
Date:  30 July [1860]
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (Dana Family Papers (MS 164) Series 1, Box 2, folder 44)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2882

To W. B. Tegetmeier   30 July [1860]


Thanks for information on pigeon hatching

and on drones.

Believes occasional crosses indispensable.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  30 July [1860]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2883

To Frederick Watkins   30 July [1860]


Though his book [Origin] has been abused and criticised as well as praised, its effect on good workers in science convinces him that in the main he is on the right road.

In reply to FW’s question, CD says his [CD’s] arguments are valid that all animals are descended from four or five primordial forms; analogy and weak reasons go to show they have descended from some single prototype.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederick Watkins
Date:  30 July [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 148
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2884
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Darwin, C. R.[X]
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