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To Henry Thomas De la Beche   19 August [1847]


Bernhard Studer has been at Down. Studer will not be able to join HDelaB’s Ordnance Survey working party.

CD is glad to hear about very old rocks under Silurians. "There is something grand and mysterious at these depths."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Thomas De la Beche
Date:  19 Aug [1847]
Classmark:  National Museum of Wales, Department of Natural Sciences (De la Beche)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1111

To Josiah Wedgwood III   [22 August? 1847]


Writes concerning Charles Stokes’s purchase of stock in the Leeds and Bradford Guaranteed Railway.

Is glad that JW III is settled for life at Leith Hill Place.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, III
Date:  [22 Aug? 1847]
Classmark:  Alan Wedgwood (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1111F

To J. F. Royle   1 September [1847]


Returns JFR’s copies of Transactions [Agric. & Hortic. Soc. India]. Has not found quite as much as he thought he might on varieties of Indian domestic animals and plants; "the attempts at introduction have been too recent for the effects, if any, of climate to have been developed". Is impressed by the work of the English in India.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Forbes Royle
Date:  1 Sept [1847]
Classmark:  Heritage Auctions (dealers) (11 April 2013)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1112

To Mary Anne Theresa Whitby   2 September [1847]


Questions Mrs W on difference in flight capacity of male and female silkworm moths and asks her for results of experiments he suggested she do with silkworms to determine hereditariness of dark "eyebrows". [See Variation 1: 302.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Mary Anne Theresa Whitby
Date:  2 Sept [1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.61)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1113

To Charles Lyell   8 [September 1847]


Discusses David Milne’s Glen Roy paper ["On the parallel roads of Lochaber", Trans. R. Soc. Edinburgh 16 (1849): 395–418]. Rejects Milne’s theory that outlet of Glen Roy is blocked by detritus. Impressed by Milne’s discovery of an outlet at the level of the second shelf. Believes this strengthens theory that lakes were formed by glacier blocking Glen Roy. Offers arguments against glacier theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8 [Sept 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 50: C3–C6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1116

To John Higgins   10 September [1847]


Agrees to lease land to Mr Mason. Discusses arrangements for bank draft.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  10 Sept [1847]
Classmark:  Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1117

To J. D. Hooker   [12 September 1847]



David Milne’s attack on his Glen Roy paper ["On the parallel roads of Lochaber", (1847) Trans. R. Soc. Edinburgh 16 (1849): 395–418] made CD horribly sick.

Wants Thomas Thomson to establish geographical range of erratic boulders in India.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [12 Sept 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1118

To Robert Hutton   [1847 – 12 November 1848]


Tells RH that he has secured an introduction to Lady Emily Finc[-Hatton] through a friend of his father’s. Thanks RH for his efforts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Hutton
Date:  [1847 – 12 Nov 1848]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.67)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1040

To Josiah Wedgwood III   [20? August 1847]


Discusses the buying and selling of certain railway shares.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, III
Date:  [20? Aug 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1042

To Josiah Wedgwood III   [22 June – 13 August 1847]


Wants JW’s permission to carry out certain investments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, III
Date:  [22 June – 13 Aug 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1043

To Richard Owen   [1847?]


Asks to meet RO to get his opinion on zoological points.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  [1847?]
Classmark:  Yale University Medical Historical Library, Harvey Cushing / John Hay Whitney Medical Library (MMS)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1044



Cancelled: same as 1109. Will send carrier to collect the books [volumes of Trans Agric. & Hortic. Soc. India].

Author:  John Forbes Royle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [early 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 399
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1046

To J. F. Royle   [16 April – 21 May 1847]


CD understands that JFR cannot lend him the volumes [of Trans. Agric. & Hortic. Soc. India] at present. Thanks for offer to inform him of other works on the breeds of animals in India.

CD fears his belonging to the new club [Philosophical Club of the Royal Society] would be useless, since he is seldom able to dine out.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Forbes Royle
Date:  [16 Apr – 21 May 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 400
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1047

To Leonard Horner   [January 1847]


Responds to LH’s comments on South America.

Discusses inclination of lava stream.

Sketches in second edition of Journal of researches more accurate than in first.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Horner
Date:  [Jan 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 145: 139
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1048



Cancelled: same as 1083. Discusses manuscript by DS on slaty cleavage. Thinks of cleavage analogous to his own explanation of laminated lava.

Author:  Daniel Sharpe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [23 Jan 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 473
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1049

To William Benjamin Carpenter   [January? 1847]


Arranges to meet with WBC to get his advice about buying a microscope.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Date:  [Jan? 1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.55)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1050

To J. L. Stokes   2 January [1847]


Thanks for sending his "magnificent book" [Discoveries in Australia (1846)].

Asks JLS to visit Down on "Saturday the 16th" and Sunday. He has also invited Forbes, Falconer, Hooker and Waterhouse. [See 1036.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lort Stokes
Date:  2 Jan [1847]
Classmark:  University of Akron (Herman Muehlstein Rare Book Collection: tipped into a copy of Origin 1st ed. (QH365 .O2 1859))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1050A

To Charles Lyell   [23 January 1847]


Asks CL to address a letter to Charles Maclaren.

Discusses recent publication by David Milne on erratic boulders [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 42 (1847): 154–172].

Views of Bernhard Studer on foliation of gneiss in the Alps. Asks CL to tell Leonard Horner of Studer’s views.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [23 Jan 1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.65)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1051

To Daniel Sharpe   [19 January 1847]


Comments on letter by Bernhard Studer ["Remarks on the geological relations of the gneiss of the Alps", Edinburgh New Philos. J. 42 (1846–7): 186] and on article by DS ["On slaty cleavage", J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 3 (1847): 74–105]. Discusses geological cleavage and foliation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Sharpe
Date:  [19 Jan 1847]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 42240: 21–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1052

To Charles Lyell   [on or before 20 January 1847]


Quotes from South America [p. 167] on the foliation of metamorphic rocks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [on or before 20 Jan 1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1053
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