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To John Murray   [23 April 1845]

Summary

Has lost a week’s work on Journal of researches owing to poor health. Has copperplate of map, and favours inclusion. Thinks book should be called a "Journal".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [23 Apr 1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.12–12A)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-858

To W. D. Fox   [24 April 1845]

Summary

Murray will publish a second edition of the Journal [of researches].

CD has finished first version of South America.

A strange book, The vestiges [of creation (1844)] has appeared and some have attributed it to CD. He is "flattered and unflattered".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  [24 Apr 1845]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 69)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-859

To G. B. Sowerby   [May 1845]

Summary

Asks for list of the Bahia Blanca fossil shells.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Brettingham Sowerby
Date:  [May 1845]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-860

To J. D. Hooker   [28 April 1845]

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Summary

Returns specimens and drawings of Confervae with many thanks. Would appreciate any corrections for second edition of Journal of researches.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [28 Apr 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-861

From J. D. Hooker   [28 April 1845]

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Summary

First part of "Galapagos flora" ["Plants of the Galapagos Archipelago", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 20 (1851): 163–233] finished but not printed.

Details of distribution of Galapagos flora. Peculiarity of island floras.

Leaves for Edinburgh on Wednesday.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [28 Apr 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 48
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-862

To J. D. Hooker   [May 1845]

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Summary

Returns notes on Confervae.

Has had information from Ehrenberg on organic forms in Atlantic dust.

Thanks for sketch of Galapagos flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [May 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-863

To J. D. Hooker   [4 June 1845]

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Summary

JDH’s books have arrived safely.

Is sending him corrected MS of first part of Journal of researches [2d ed.].

Lyells have just visited.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [4 June 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-864

To George Robert Waterhouse   [after 22 May 1845]

Summary

Thanks him for describing the niata ox.

He is delighted that GRW is grappling with Galápagos insects. Needs to know immediately whether any entomologists beside GRW, Walker and A. White have described his insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Robert Waterhouse
Date:  [after 22 May 1845]
Classmark:  Bloomsbury Book Auctions (1990)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-864A

From W. B. Carpenter   5 May 1845

Summary

Discusses the microscopic structure of rock samples from Chile and the Pampas. Describes organic remains found in the samples.

Author:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 May 1845
Classmark:  DAR 39: 36–41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-865

From Edward Forbes   [9 May 1845]

Summary

Has marked probable depths of the specimens on CD’s list of S. American shells. Asks for details which would provide more precise conclusions. [See South America, p. 226.]

Author:  Edward Forbes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [9 May 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 43.1: 50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-866

From J. D. Hooker   [23] March 1845

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Summary

JDH recommends Augustin de Saint-Hilaire’s Leçons de botanique [1841]. Relates opinions of European botanists on migration and plant distribution.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [23] Mar 1845
Classmark:  DAR 100: 41–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-844

To C. G. Ehrenberg   23 March [1845]

Summary

Cannot doubt that Atlantic dust comes from Africa. Could Gulf Stream have brought South American organisms to African coast?

Has come to same conclusion as CGE on volcanic origin of Patagonian stone. Formation extends 550 miles.

Could CGE examine Pampas mud to see if Infusoria are freshwater or salt-water? Results would be important.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Date:  23 Mar [1845]
Classmark:  Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (MfN/HBSB, N005 NL Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg Nr. 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-845

To J. D. Hooker   [26 March 1845]

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Summary

Has received pamphlet from JDH [John Murray, Strictures on morphology (1845)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [26 Mar 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-846

To J. D. Hooker   31 March [1845]

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Summary

Hopes JDH will enjoy Edinburgh.

Has just finished Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire on animal monsters [Anomalies de l’organisation chez l’homme et les animaux (1832–7)], "and a nasty curious subject it is".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  31 Mar [1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-847

From Woodbine Parish   [1845?]

Summary

Sends names of species found in banks of marine shells near Buenos Aires. Shells identified by G. B. Sowerby (elder). [See South America, pp. 2–3.]

Author:  Woodbine Parish
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1845?]
Classmark:  DAR 43.1: 56a–57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-808

From Edward Forbes   [after 14 February 1845]

Summary

Sends information on Gryphaea orientalis. [See South America, p. 212.]

Author:  Edward Forbes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 14 Feb 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 43.1: 47–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-809

To David Thomas Ansted, assistant secretary, Geological Society of London   [c. January 1845]

Summary

Asks about Fuegian specimens stored at the Geological Society. CD needs them soon.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  David Thomas Ansted
Date:  [c. Jan 1845]
Classmark:  Smithsonian Archives (George P. Merrill photograph collection, Record Unit 7177, Image No. SIA2016-009765)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-811

From W. B. Carpenter   2 January [1845]

Summary

Says tuff collected by CD in Pampas and Chile contains organic remains. Wants to examine specimens further and hopes for Government support in doing so.

Author:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan [1845]
Classmark:  DAR 39: 31–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-813

To J. D. Hooker   [7 January 1845]

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Summary

Sends specimens of a Tertiary sandstone from Tierra del Fuego in which there are leaves; CD thought they were beech. What is JDH’s opinion?

Asks whether JDH can make sense of a note on silicified wood.

Has read Vestiges [of creation (1844)]; "his geology strikes me as bad, & his zoology far worse".

Would like to see lists [of plants] from Society and Sandwich Islands.

Doubts JDH’s information regarding imagination of mother affecting offspring.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [7 Jan 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-814

To Charles Hamilton Smith   14 January [1845]

Summary

Has read CHS’s paper, "Original population of America" [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 38 (1844–5): 1–20], and is eager to know reference for the account of a "ruined city in the Caroline Group", indicating that the land has subsided. Refers to his own subsidence hypothesis in his work [Coral reefs].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Hamilton Smith
Date:  14 Jan [1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-815
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