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To John Murray   27 August [1845]

Summary

Has finished MS for second edition of Journal of researches. Instructs JM regarding author’s copies, and woodcuts; asks to be informed if volume sells well.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  27 Aug [1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff.8–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-908

To J. D. Hooker   [29 August 1845]

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Summary

Anxious to hear of JDH’s prospects [at Edinburgh].

Has completed his Journal of researches.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [29 Aug 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-909

From J. D. Hooker   1 September [1845]

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Summary

JDH’s grandfather’s death.

Collecting testimonials for the Edinburgh chair.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Sept [1845]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 14–15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-910

To John Murray   2 September [1845]

Summary

Encloses signed receipt for promissory note for £150 from John Murray. Hopes to have pleasure of meeting him soon. Is particularly obliged for promise of information on success of volume.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  2 Sept [1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff.1–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-911

To J. D. Hooker   [3 September 1845]

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Summary

Condolences on JDH’s grandfather’s death.

When his wife can move, they will go to Staffordshire.

Returns some books; would like to see copy of Kosmos [by Alexander von Humboldt]. Would be proud owner of JDH’s work [Flora Antarctica (1844–7)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [3 Sept 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-912

To Susan Darwin   3[–4] September 1845

Summary

"All about household and money matters." The family is now living on about £1000 per annum. Plans a new walk and additions to the house.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Date:  3[-4] Sept 1845
Classmark:  DAR 153: 109
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-913

From J. D. Hooker   [4–9 September 1845]

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Summary

The most experienced botanists argue for the "validity of species in nature". Against taxonomic "splitters".

CD’s Cape Tres Montes plants.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [4–9 Sept 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 208–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-914

To J. D. Hooker   [10 September 1845]

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Summary

Going to Shrewsbury on Monday.

Means to attempt the question of species: "though I shall get more kicks than half-pennies, I will, life serving, attempt my work".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [10 Sept 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-915

From J. D. Hooker   14 September 1845

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Summary

Thanks for Journal of researches.

Puzzled over pea flower from Cape Tres Montes.

Thinks species a fair and most profitable subject for discussion, but has no formed opinion of his own.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Sept 1845
Classmark:  DAR 100: 55–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-916

To J. D. Hooker   [18 September 1845]

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Summary

Kosmos [by Alexander von Humboldt] has arrived safely.

CD acknowledges his presumption in speculating on variation without having worked out his due share of species, but "for nine years it has been anyhow the greatest amusement to me".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [18 Sept 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-917

From John Higgins   2 October 1845

Summary

Sends a list of the work he feels should be done at Beesby [Lincolnshire] to put the farm in order. Hopes to get purchase deeds completed by 10 October.

Author:  John Higgins
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Oct 1845
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-918

To Charles Lyell   8 October [1845]

Summary

Discusses American Negroes and their parasitic lice. Henry Denny’s need for lice specimens.

Discusses effects of racial crosses in man.

Describes his trip to Yorkshire.

Comments on Sedgwick’s review [of Vestiges of creation].

Mentions Humboldt’s Kosmos. Criticises Humboldt’s geology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8 Oct [1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-919

To J. D. Hooker   [8 October 1845]

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Summary

Sorry to hear JDH did not get Edinburgh chair. Invites him to Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [8 Oct 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 43
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-920

To J. S. Henslow   28 October [1845]

Summary

Comments on potato disease and its effects on the poor.

Describes visit to his Lincolnshire farm,

to York where he discussed hybrids with the Dean of Manchester [William Herbert],

his meeting with Charles Waterton, and his delight with Chatsworth.

Disappointed at Hooker’s failure to receive the Edinburgh chair; believes JDH will make a great botanist.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  28 Oct [1845]
Classmark:  Smithsonian Libraries (Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology MSS 405 A. Gift of the Burndy Library)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-921

To J. D. Hooker   28 October [1845]

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Summary

Would like to see JDH’s testimonials.

Disappointed with Kosmos.

Has visited Dean of Manchester, who is very heterodox on species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 Oct [1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 44
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-922

To C. G. Ehrenberg   29 October [1845]

Summary

Sends specimens. Asks for information about specimens from Rio Gallegos.

What does CGE mean by the term "Fluthgebiete"?

French translation gives impression that Ehrenberg attributes Pampas deposit to debacle.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Date:  29 Oct [1845]
Classmark:  Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (MfN/HBSB, N005 NL Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg Nr. 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-923

To J. D. Hooker   [5 or 12 November 1845]

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Summary

Thanks for Antarctic flora [Flora Antarctica (1844–7)].

Agrees geographical distribution will be "the key which will unlock the mystery of species".

Could JDH look over a rough sketch on species?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [5 or 12] Nov 1845
Classmark:  DAR 114: 45
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-924

To Edward Hitchcock   6 November [1845]

Summary

Thanks EH for his Final report on the geology of Massachusetts [1841]. Comments on EH’s discovery of fossil footprints.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Hitchcock
Date:  6 Nov [1845]
Classmark:  Amherst College Archives (Edward and Orra White Hitchcock papers: 2 Edward Hitchcock: Correspondence, Box 3, Folder 8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-925

To G. B. Sowerby   12 [November 1845]

Summary

Asks for a meeting in order to go over the shells [which GBS was to describe in the appendix on Tertiary fossil shells in South America].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Brettingham Sowerby
Date:  12 [Nov 1845]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (Autograph File, D)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-926

To J. D. Hooker   [17 November 1845]

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Summary

Comments on JDH’s Flora Antarctica. CD is delighted with it.

"I can never cease marvelling at the similarity of the Antarctic floras: it is wonderful."

Questions JDH on points raised by the work: absence of alpine flora on southern islands; comparison of climate and floras of Tasmania and New Zealand.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [17 Nov 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-927
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