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From J. D. Hooker   5 July 1845

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Summary

Raises some points for revision of CD’s Journal of researches.

Southern island floras. "The more I ponder upon Insular Floras the less inclined I am to admit the mutation of species to any very great amount."

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 July 1845
Classmark:  DAR 100: 51–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-887

To Ernst Dieffenbach   [before 9 July 1845]

Summary

"It is evident that you have not time now to pay me a visit, & indeed as Mrs Darwin is in daily expectation of her confinement I could hardly have asked you … When I saw your name & that of many other naturalists at Cambridge, I wished much to have been there; but my strength so often fails me, that I expected more mortification than pleasure …

I should have liked to have heard the Crater-of-Elevation discussion; after having read both sides, I cannot subscribe to that view; but I think there remains something unexplained about those many vast circular volcanic ruins …

I presume it is very unprobable [sic] that there will ever be a second German Edition of my Journal … I have largely condensed, corrected & added to the Second English Edition, & I am sure have considerably improved & popularised it".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Dieffenbach
Date:  [before 9 July 1845]
Classmark:  J. A. Stargardt (dealers) Cat. 574 1965.11.11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-888

To J. D. Hooker   [11–12 July 1845]

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Summary

A son [George Howard Darwin] was born on Wednesday.

Sends queries on Galapagos flora.

Discusses JDH’s comments on [Journal of researches].

CD feels that with his views on descent "really Nat. Hist. becomes a sublimely grand result-giving subject".

"How differently people view the same subject, for I look at insular Floras … as leading to an opposite view to yours."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [11–12 July 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 36, 100: 43–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-889

From G. R. Waterhouse   [11 July 1845]

Summary

Notes the islands, where known, on which CD’s Galapagos beetles were found. Remarks that in none of the species whose place of origin is known, does he have specimens from more than one island.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [11 July 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-890

To John Murray   16 [July 1845]

Summary

Sent MS [of second part of Journal of researches] to William Clowes [printer] on the 7th and has had only three sheets for correction. Asks JM to see to it that Messrs Clowes send a sheet a day, as CD’s health is uncertain, and he cannot do more at last moment if sheets accumulate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  16 [July 1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.13–14)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-891

To J. D. Hooker   [22 July – 19 August 1845]

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Summary

Thanks for facts on solitary islands having several species of peculiar genera; "it knocks on the head some analogies of mine".

Has long been trying to discover in how many flowers crossing is probable, but finds it difficult to show "even a vague probability of this".

Will JDH proof-read Galapagos chapter of Journal of researches?

Gives information on his Galapagos collection; explains why it differs from others.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [22 July – 19 Aug 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-892

From Louis Fraser   23 July 1845

Summary

Informs CD about characteristics of certain species of Galapagos birds.

Author:  Louis Fraser
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 July 1845
Classmark:  DAR 164: 213
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-893

From Louis Fraser   [24? July 1845]

Summary

Discusses colour of Zenaida from the Galapagos.

Author:  Louis Fraser
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24? July 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-894

To J. S. Henslow   25 July 1845

Summary

CD has bought a farm in Lincolnshire. Criticises primogeniture and stamp laws on land purchase.

Announces birth of G. H. Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  25 July 1845
Classmark:  DAR 145: 59
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-895

To John Murray   [27 July 1845]

Summary

Sent last sheet [of second part of Journal of researches] to printer yesterday. Will send half of MS for next part in four or five days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [27 July 1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.15–16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-896

From Hugh Cuming   28 July 1845

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Summary

Discusses names and distributions of Pacific shells. [Lists by CD and Edward Forbes record names and ranges of shells collected by HC in the Galapagos.]

Author:  Hugh Cuming
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 July 1845
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 267, 268
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-897

From William Yarrell   29 July 1845

Summary

Answers CD’s queries about the number and distribution of species in certain fish genera.

Author:  William Yarrell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 July 1845
Classmark:  DAR 183: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-898

To Charles Lyell   [30 July – 2 August 1845]

Summary

Comments extensively on CL’s book [Travels in North America (1845)]. Lyell’s views on slavery, the clergy, education, and coalfields. Has difficulty in tracing Lyell’s course. Comments on geological portions, especially CL’s comparisons of living and fossil organisms to those of South America and Tasmania; animal formation of carbonic acid and effects of vegetable decay; Indians’ use of lumber. Discusses water-borne transportation of wood, fruit, and seeds. Notes distribution of Arctic flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [30 July – 2 Aug 1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.44)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-899

To J. D. Hooker   [15 or 22 August 1845]

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Summary

Sorry to hear about condition of JDH’s grandfather.

Sends proofs of Galapagos chapter of Journal of researches.

Grieves to hear labels are displaced on his plants.

May he annotate [F. Gérard’s] L’espèce [(1844), extracted from Dictionnaire universel d’histoire naturelle, ed. C. D. d’Orbigny (1839–49)]?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [15 or 22] Aug 1845
Classmark:  DAR 114: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-900

From Charles Lyell   [after 2 August 1845]

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Summary

CD’s criticism of his book [Travels in North America (1845)].

Compares invertebrate animals of Tasmania and England.

Mentions views of C. J. F. Bunbury on climate of the Carboniferous period.

Robert Brown says Australian flora has the widest range.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 2 Aug 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 281
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-901

To John Murray   [23 August 1845]

Summary

Has again overrun his limits [in MS of third part of Journal of researches]. Sends JM a proof sheet of his account of Cape of Good Hope for decision whether to strike it out and save four pages.

Favourable notice of Journal has appeared in Gardeners’ Chronicle.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [23 Aug 1845]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 31–32)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-903

To William Jackson Hooker   [23 August 1845]

Summary

Will be pleased to provide a testimonial for J. D. Hooker, who is seeking the Chair in Botany at Edinburgh, but fears he himself is so little known that it could only be of the smallest service. Has asked Lyell to write to J. F. W. Herschel giving an opinion of J. D. Hooker.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Jackson Hooker
Date:  [23 Aug 1845]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence: English letters 1845, 23: 147)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-904

To Charles Lyell   25 August [1845]

Summary

Discusses the power of land covered with snow to radiate heat.

Criticises CL’s discussion of slavery [in Travels in North America (1845)]. A review of CL’s book is in Gardeners’ Chronicle.

Mentions John Lindley’s views on carbonic acid gas and extinction;

refers to the discussion of multiple and single creations in Humboldt’s Kosmos.

The origin of volcanic craters of elevation.

There is a popular demand for a new edition of Principles.

Praises palaeobotanical work of C. J. F. Bunbury.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  25 Aug [1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.45)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-905

To W. J. Hooker   [25 August 1845]

Summary

Encloses a testimonial letter for J. D. Hooker [see 907]. If WJH thinks the letter could be improved CD will alter it. Feels it a disgrace that a professor should be appointed by men "who never heard of Humboldt & Brown".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Jackson Hooker
Date:  [25 Aug 1845]
Classmark:  Norwich Castle
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-906

To W. J. Hooker   25 August 1845

Summary

A letter in support of J. D. Hooker as a candidate for Edinburgh Chair in Botany. No one better qualified. Wishes him success.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Jackson Hooker
Date:  25 Aug 1845
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (J. D. Hooker testimonials JDH/4/5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-907
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