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From C. H. Smith   22 January 1845


Reports on an ancient town on Ascension, which is now at sea-level and approachable only by boat.

Author:  Charles Hamilton Smith
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Jan 1845
Classmark:  DAR 177: 188 (fragile)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-816

To J. D. Hooker   22 [January 1845]



Would like copy of "Galapagos flora" when published ["Plants of the Galapagos Archipelago", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 20 (1851): 163–233].

Will keep JDH’s Pacific island notes till his return.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [Jan 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-817

From J. D. Hooker   [22–30 January 1845]



Sends comparison of the floras of Society and Sandwich Islands.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [22–30 Jan 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 247–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-818

To C. G. Ehrenberg   23 January [1845]


Would like sketch returned [see 775].

Would be particularly thankful for result of CGE’s observations on earth of Pampas.

Asks that Ernst Dieffenbach return copperplate and woodcuts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Date:  23 Jan [1845]
Classmark:  Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (MfN/HBSB, N005 NL Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg Nr. 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-819

To C. H. Smith   26 January [1845]


Discusses extract sent by CHS dealing with island of Pouynipéte. Agrees account of island by Lloghtsky [Johann Lhotsky] is suspect.

Comments on view that former migration of animals, plants, and man was by continental extensions now submerged.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Hamilton Smith
Date:  26 Jan [1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.40)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-820

To Edward William Brayley   7 February 1845


Discusses EWB’s application for a position and his qualifications.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward William Brayley
Date:  7 Feb 1845
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.41)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-822

To Trenham Reeks   [before 8 February 1845]


CD sends queries on chemical composition of various Beagle mineral specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Trenham Reeks
Date:  [before 8 Feb 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 39: 51–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-823

To Charles Lyell   [8 February 1845]


Remarks on fossils described in A. D. d’Orbigny’s Voyage dans l’Amérique méridionale.

Asks CL whether he has talked with John Murray concerning 2d ed. [of Journal of researches].

Mentions conversation with Hugh Cuming about South American shells. Has had G. B. Sowerby (elder) look at some specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [8 Feb 1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.42)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-824

From Trenham Reeks   8 February 1845


Sends results of chemical tests on specimens [of salt, see South America, pp. 73–5].

Encloses abstract from Justus Liebig on composition of bones and their ability to withstand decay.

Author:  Trenham Reeks
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Feb 1845
Classmark:  DAR 39: 43–4, 49–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-825

To J. D. Hooker   [10 February 1845]



Congratulates JDH and condoles with him on possible position at Edinburgh. Although CD will miss him bitterly, he encourages JDH to view it as a good opportunity.

Sorry to hear that Humboldt is failing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [10 Feb 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-826

To W. D. Fox   [13 February 1845]


News of his family and his own health. He is able to work three hours a day on the geology of South America.

Harriet Martineau is greatly excited by mesmerism.

Tells of Sydney Smith’s dream.

Asks for some [S. American] potatoes to test "sporting".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  [13 Feb 1845]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 69a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-827

From Alcide Charles Victor Dessalines d’Orbigny   14 February 1845


Agrees that CD’s fossil shells do not differ from those ADd’O saw in South America. Apparent differences due to errors by G. B. Sowerby. Collection magnificent; recommends special publication. Enabled ADd’O to correct error in dating of sandstone of Concepción. Lists geological periods represented in collection from Jurassic to Diluvian. Collection includes unusual group of crepidules.

Author:  Alcide Charles Victor Dessalines (Alcide) d’Orbigny
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Feb 1845
Classmark:  DAR 43.1: 62–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-829

From A. C. V. D. d’Orbigny   [14 February 1845?]


Identifications of CD’s fossil shells. New species marked; many described previously by ADd’O.

Author:  Alcide Charles Victor Dessalines (Alcide) d’Orbigny
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 Feb 1845?]
Classmark:  DAR 43.1: 68–89
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-830

From Trenham Reeks   25 February 1845


Encloses analysis of salt from Patagonia. Cannot account for its inferiority.

Author:  Trenham Reeks
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Feb 1845
Classmark:  DAR 39: 45–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-831

From J. D. Hooker   [late February 1845]



Previous letter [missing] on Edinburgh position was ill-tempered. Friends assure him that he ought to be thankful for opportunity to try for professorship.

Reports meeting with Humboldt in Paris.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [late Feb 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 165–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-832

From Edward Forbes   [March? 1845]


Comments on G. B. Sowerby’s identifications of South American fossil shells [812]. [Notes from more than one original memorandum].

Author:  Edward Forbes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Mar? 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 43.1: 53–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-834

From William Hopkins   3 March 1845


Comments on a compass diagram designed to show the dip, strike, and anticlinal lines of a geological formation.

Author:  William Hopkins
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1845
Classmark:  DAR 39: 53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-835

From William Hallowes Miller   8 March [1845]


Discusses cleavage planes of mineralogical specimens.

Author:  William Hallowes Miller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Mar [1845]
Classmark:  DAR 39: 42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-836

From C. G. Ehrenberg   13 March 1845


Regrets J. D. Hooker did not visit Berlin.

Describes legal difficulties of Ernst Dieffenbach.

Lists species of Infusoria found in dust samples. Discusses origin of Atlantic dust. Discusses Infusoria in cosmetic paint from Tierra del Fuego and Patagonian earth. Thanks CD for samples. Would like samples from sea-bed.

Author:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Mar 1845
Classmark:  DAR 39: 59a–c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-837

From Trenham Reeks   14 March 1845


Discusses chemical reaction involving common salt and carbonate of lime.

Author:  Trenham Reeks
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Mar 1845
Classmark:  DAR 39: 47–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-838
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