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From J. D. Hooker   [2–6 April 1845]

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Summary

A Tasmanian Cyttaria is same species as CD’s Fuegian fungus. Did the species originate on the beeches of Fuegia or of Tasmania?

JDH gives interpretation of Vestiges.

John McCulloch, J. F. Schouw, and Lamarck on the species question.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2–6 Apr 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 219–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-850

From C. G. Ehrenberg    8 April 1845

Summary

Discusses table of Atlantic dust samples. Thinks dust came from South America.

Discusses Patagonian tuff samples.

Answers CD’s query about material from Pampas. Believes deposit made in brackish water.

Criticises account of Atlantic dust in F. J. F. Meyen [Reise um die Erde (1834–5)].

Author:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Apr 1845
Classmark:  DAR 39: 60–1b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-853

From J. D. Hooker   [28 April 1845]

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Summary

First part of "Galapagos flora" ["Plants of the Galapagos Archipelago", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 20 (1851): 163–233] finished but not printed.

Details of distribution of Galapagos flora. Peculiarity of island floras.

Leaves for Edinburgh on Wednesday.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [28 Apr 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 48
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-862

From W. B. Carpenter   5 May 1845

Summary

Discusses the microscopic structure of rock samples from Chile and the Pampas. Describes organic remains found in the samples.

Author:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 May 1845
Classmark:  DAR 39: 36–41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-865

From Edward Forbes   [9 May 1845]

Summary

Has marked probable depths of the specimens on CD’s list of S. American shells. Asks for details which would provide more precise conclusions. [See South America, p. 226.]

Author:  Edward Forbes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [9 May 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 43.1: 50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-866

From G. R. Waterhouse   21[–22] May 1845

Summary

Discusses insects collected by CD on St Paul’s Island and the Galapagos.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 May 1845
Classmark:  DAR 181: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-869

From G. R. Waterhouse   [c. June 1845]

Summary

Is about to send his paper on Galapagos beetles to press. Has written some introductory material on which he invites CD’s comments.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. June 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-873

From G. R. Waterhouse   [c. June 1845]

Summary

Discusses his paper on CD’s Galapagos beetles ["Coleopterous insects … in the Galapagos Islands", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 16 (1845): 19–41] which he will forward when printed. Has drawn up descriptions of several other insects from CD’s collections.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. June 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-874

From J. D. Hooker   [after 12 July 1845]

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Summary

Answers CD’s questions relating to the flora of the Galapagos. [See 889.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 12 July 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 43–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-883

From J. D. Hooker   [mid-July 1845]

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Summary

The translation of Humboldt’s Kosmos [Cosmos (1846–58)] is delayed.

Gives instances of peculiar genera with several good species in very small islands. Scarcity of insects on islands.

JDH cannot prove that there is much hybridising, but does not see why there should not be. "Bother variation, development & all such subjects, it is reasoning in a circle I believe after all."

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [mid-July 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 49–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-884

From B. J. Sulivan   4 July 1845

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Summary

On marking and shipment of fossils.

Has met the artist, J. M. Rugendas.

Discusses British and French relations with Rosas government [of Argentina].

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 July 1845
Classmark:  DAR 46.1: 87–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-886

From J. D. Hooker   5 July 1845

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Summary

Raises some points for revision of CD’s Journal of researches.

Southern island floras. "The more I ponder upon Insular Floras the less inclined I am to admit the mutation of species to any very great amount."

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 July 1845
Classmark:  DAR 100: 51–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-887

From G. R. Waterhouse   [11 July 1845]

Summary

Notes the islands, where known, on which CD’s Galapagos beetles were found. Remarks that in none of the species whose place of origin is known, does he have specimens from more than one island.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [11 July 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-890

From Louis Fraser   23 July 1845

Summary

Informs CD about characteristics of certain species of Galapagos birds.

Author:  Louis Fraser
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 July 1845
Classmark:  DAR 164: 213
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-893

From Louis Fraser   [24? July 1845]

Summary

Discusses colour of Zenaida from the Galapagos.

Author:  Louis Fraser
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24? July 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-894

From Hugh Cuming   28 July 1845

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Summary

Discusses names and distributions of Pacific shells. [Lists by CD and Edward Forbes record names and ranges of shells collected by HC in the Galapagos.]

Author:  Hugh Cuming
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 July 1845
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 267, 268
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-897

From William Yarrell   29 July 1845

Summary

Answers CD’s queries about the number and distribution of species in certain fish genera.

Author:  William Yarrell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 July 1845
Classmark:  DAR 183: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-898

From Charles Lyell   [after 2 August 1845]

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Summary

CD’s criticism of his book [Travels in North America (1845)].

Compares invertebrate animals of Tasmania and England.

Mentions views of C. J. F. Bunbury on climate of the Carboniferous period.

Robert Brown says Australian flora has the widest range.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 2 Aug 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 281
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-901

From J. D. Hooker   1 September [1845]

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Summary

JDH’s grandfather’s death.

Collecting testimonials for the Edinburgh chair.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Sept [1845]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 14–15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-910

From J. D. Hooker   [4–9 September 1845]

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The most experienced botanists argue for the "validity of species in nature". Against taxonomic "splitters".

CD’s Cape Tres Montes plants.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [4–9 Sept 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 208–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-914
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