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From J. E. Gray   [1845–75]



Lateral teeth in Arcadae.

Author:  John Edward Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1845–75]
Classmark:  DAR 205.5: 216 (Letters)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13814

To Hugh Falconer   [1845?–7 or 1857–64]


Arranges a time for visiting HF.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  1845-7 or 1857-64
Classmark:  DAR 144: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2305

From Bartholomew James Sulivan   13 January – 12 February 1845



Describes stratification of cliffs on south shore of Rio Gallegos; fossils found at base of cliffs. Speculates about geological past of the area. Discusses climate of southern Patagonia; navigation problems at the mouth of Rio Gallegos.

Gives results of soundings taken between Falkland Islands and South American mainland. Describes geology of Falklands, especially the dikes found on many islands. Comments on climate of Falklands. Discusses horses and cattle, health of his children in the Falklands. Mentions volutes found in the Falklands.

Passes on report of FitzRoy’s policies as governor of New Zealand.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Jan – 12 Feb 1845
Classmark:  DAR 46.1: 75–86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-730

To G. B. Sowerby   [1845?]


Arranges to call on correspondent and bring some shells.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Brettingham Sowerby
Date:  [1845?]
Classmark:  Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, Bibliothèque de Botanique, Paris
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-806

From Woodbine Parish   [1845?]


Sends names of species found in banks of marine shells near Buenos Aires. Shells identified by G. B. Sowerby (elder). [See South America, pp. 2–3.]

Author:  Woodbine Parish
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1845?]
Classmark:  DAR 43.1: 56a–57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-808

To David Thomas Ansted, assistant secretary, Geological Society of London   [c. January 1845]


Asks about Fuegian specimens stored at the Geological Society. CD needs them soon.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  David Thomas Ansted
Date:  [c. Jan 1845]
Classmark:  Smithsonian Archives (George P. Merrill photograph collection, Record Unit 7177, Image No. SIA2016-009765)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-811

From W. B. Carpenter   2 January [1845]


Says tuff collected by CD in Pampas and Chile contains organic remains. Wants to examine specimens further and hopes for Government support in doing so.

Author:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan [1845]
Classmark:  DAR 39: 31–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-813

To J. D. Hooker   [7 January 1845]



Sends specimens of a Tertiary sandstone from Tierra del Fuego in which there are leaves; CD thought they were beech. What is JDH’s opinion?

Asks whether JDH can make sense of a note on silicified wood.

Has read Vestiges [of creation (1844)]; "his geology strikes me as bad, & his zoology far worse".

Would like to see lists [of plants] from Society and Sandwich Islands.

Doubts JDH’s information regarding imagination of mother affecting offspring.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [7 Jan 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-814

To Charles Hamilton Smith   14 January [1845]


Has read CHS’s paper, "Original population of America" [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 38 (1844–5): 1–20], and is eager to know reference for the account of a "ruined city in the Caroline Group", indicating that the land has subsided. Refers to his own subsidence hypothesis in his work [Coral reefs].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Hamilton Smith
Date:  14 Jan [1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-815

From C. H. Smith   22 January 1845


Reports on an ancient town on Ascension, which is now at sea-level and approachable only by boat.

Author:  Charles Hamilton Smith
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Jan 1845
Classmark:  DAR 177: 188 (fragile)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-816

To J. D. Hooker   22 [January 1845]



Would like copy of "Galapagos flora" when published ["Plants of the Galapagos Archipelago", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 20 (1851): 163–233].

Will keep JDH’s Pacific island notes till his return.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [Jan 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-817

From J. D. Hooker   [22–30 January 1845]



Sends comparison of the floras of Society and Sandwich Islands.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [22–30 Jan 1845]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 247–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-818

To C. G. Ehrenberg   23 January [1845]


Would like sketch returned [see 775].

Would be particularly thankful for result of CGE’s observations on earth of Pampas.

Asks that Ernst Dieffenbach return copperplate and woodcuts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Date:  23 Jan [1845]
Classmark:  Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (MfN/HBSB, N005 NL Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg Nr. 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-819

To C. H. Smith   26 January [1845]


Discusses extract sent by CHS dealing with island of Pouynipéte. Agrees account of island by Lloghtsky [Johann Lhotsky] is suspect.

Comments on view that former migration of animals, plants, and man was by continental extensions now submerged.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Hamilton Smith
Date:  26 Jan [1845]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.40)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-820