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CD’s notes arising from conversations with J. D. Hooker   8 December 1844

Summary

[Notes on conversations with J. D. Hooker.] Geographical distribution; diffusion and distribution of species. Island and mountain floras; means of migration (high-roads, icebergs).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Dec 1844
Classmark:  DAR 100: 35–40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-798

To Solicitor?   1 October 1844

Summary

CD and Emma request transfer of some shares to E. A. Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Solicitor
Date:  1 Oct 1844
Classmark:  V&A / Wedgwood Collection (MS W/M 977)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-779

To Adolf von Morlot   28 November [1844]

Summary

Mentions his Plutonic view of earth history.

Cites Lyell’s opinions on loess.

CD doubts contemporaneousness of extinct great animals with ice period.

Cites applicability of Forbes’s theory of glacier structure to structure of volcanic obsidian.

CD is falling astern in the geological race for knowledge.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Adolphe Morlot (Adolph von Morlot)
Date:  28 Nov [1844]
Classmark:  Burgerbibliothek Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-794

From J. D. Hooker   29 November 1844

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Summary

Would like to visit on the weekend of 7–8 December.

Differences in floras of St Helena and Ascension.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Nov 1844
Classmark:  DAR 100: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-795

To J. D. Hooker   [2 December 1844]

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Summary

Instructions for JDH’s trip to Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [2 Dec 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-796

To J. D. Hooker   [4 December 1844]

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Summary

Change in train times.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [4 Dec 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-797

To William Benjamin Carpenter   6 December [1844]

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Summary

Asks WBC if he will examine a specimen of calcareous rock.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Date:  6 Dec [1844]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-797F

From J. D. Hooker   12 December 1844

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Summary

Thanks for pleasant stay at Down.

Remarks on boulders found on southern islands.

Describes the alpine character of the Andes flora and relays information on other mountain floras.

Quotes instances of seeds that retained their vitality after being carried by ocean currents.

Sends notes on the comparative floras of New Zealand, Australia, and west coast of South America.

Encloses a copy of part of a letter from George Gardner in Ceylon concerning the European character of the mountain flora.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Dec 1844
Classmark:  DAR 100: 29–31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-799

To J. D. Hooker   16 [December 1844]

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Summary

Thanks for botanico-geographical remarks. CD greatly appreciates JDH’s valuable generalisations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 [Dec 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-800

To William Darwin Fox   20 December [1844]

Summary

Tells of his father’s ill health.

Discusses mesmerism and Harriet Martineau’s recovery. If animals could be put into a stupor, he would be convinced. Suggests WDF have some mesmeriser attempt it with cats.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  20 Dec [1844]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 70)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-801

From W. B. Carpenter   21 December 1844

Summary

Discusses microscopic examination of rock specimens taken from Pampas deposit and from Chilean tuff. Says he finds organic remains only in the tuff.

Author:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Dec 1844
Classmark:  DAR 39: 33–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-802

To J. D. Hooker   25 December [1844]

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Summary

Questions on JDH’s sketch comparing floras of Australia, New Zealand, and western S. America; wishes to know botanical relations between other southern islands. Botanico-geographical discussions and comments on books sent by JDH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Dec [1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-803

To William Benjamin Carpenter   25 December [1844]

Summary

Is obliged for the account of the structure of the Pampas specimen and its difference from specimens of the modern calcareous bed of Coquimbo in Chile. If he thinks that J. S. Bowerbank can make out the nature of the specimens, they should be shown to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Date:  25 Dec [1844]
Classmark:  Frederick Goldschlager
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-803A

From J. D. Hooker   30 December 1844

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Summary

Thanks for CD’s comments on "sketch".

Lengthy discussion of geographical distribution and island floras.

Has been "delighted with" [Robert Chambers’] Vestiges [of creation (1844)].

Galapagos flora work goes on well.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Dec 1844
Classmark:  DAR 100: 32–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-804

To Susan Darwin   [27 November 1844?]

Summary

Sends thanks for money.

Comments on treatment prescribed by his father.

Encloses notes by John Higgins with investment advice. Discusses advisability of investing in farmland in Lincolnshire. Cites advice of Sir John Lubbock concerning purchase of land.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Date:  [27 Nov 1844?]
Classmark:  DAR 92: A9–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-833

From J. D. Hooker   5 April 1844

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Summary

Answer to CD’s query on genera and species ranges.

Comments on typical forms.

Preparing first part of Galapagos plants for printing.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Apr 1844
Classmark:  DAR 100: 12–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-745

To J. D. Hooker   [17 April 1844]

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Summary

Thanks for information on printing charges

and for clarifying "typical forms".

In a few days CD will go away for six weeks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [17 Apr 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-746

To Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg   20 April [1844]

Summary

Sends samples likely to contain Infusoria and some that Hooker collected in Antarctic regions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Date:  20 Apr [1844]
Classmark:  Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (MfN/HBSB, N005 NL Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg Nr. 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-747

From George Robert Waterhouse   26 April 1844

Summary

Defines the term "typical species" and discusses its use among zoologists. Cites example of type of Carnivora. Comments on general law of development of parts in animals. Cites teeth of Carnivora.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Apr 1844
Classmark:  DAR 181: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-748

From G. R. Waterhouse   [after 26 April 1844]

Summary

Is puzzled by CD’s question about the Viverridae; thinks if there were only one species he might regard it as an aberrant of some other group and not select it as a type of the Carnivora.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 26 Apr 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-749
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