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To John Obadiah Westwood   25 June [1860]

Summary

Would like to borrow the bees that, as reported in Gardeners’ Chronicle, were sent to JOW with pollen-masses of orchids sticking to them. CD has never seen a bee visit an orchid. He believes he could identify the genus and perhaps species of the orchids the pollen comes from.

His health is too bad to attend the meeting [of British Association for the Advancement of Science].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Obadiah Westwood
Date:  25 June [1860]
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum (Hope Entomological collections)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2844

To J. O. Westwood   9 July [1860]

Summary

Thanks JOW for the bees. The pollen-masses that were attached to one of them have unaccountably been lost.

Does not know of a paper by Charles Morren on orchids and insects, and would be glad to have the reference [see 3267, and Orchids, p. 270 n.].

Has spent so much money recently he is unwilling to subscribe for the purchase of T. V. Wollaston’s collection for the [Oxford] Museum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Obadiah Westwood
Date:  9 July [1860]
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum (Hope Entomological collections)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2862

To John Obadiah Westwood   15 August [1861]

Summary

As a general rule CD thinks it best to deposit specimens in the British Museum, and "bitterly regrets" he did not send all his specimens there. Nevertheless he agrees to sending his crustaceans to the Oxford Museum.

CD is at work on Orchids. He would be greatly obliged if JOW could send him specimens of pollen-masses attached to head or base of proboscis of moths.

Asks for reference to Morren’s paper that JOW mentioned before [see 2862].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Obadiah Westwood
Date:  15 Aug [1861]
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum (Hope Entomological collections)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3234

To J. O. Westwood   4 September [1861]

Summary

Is certain he never had Morren’s paper from JOW or heard of it before JOW’s note; will write to Gardeners’ Chronicle about it [see 3252].

Thanks for the two Sphinx moths; unfortunately the pollen-masses do not belong to orchids but to Asclepias.

Asks whether R. B. Todd’s Cyclopedia of Anatomy and Physiology [1835–59] has an article on fertilisation of orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Obadiah Westwood
Date:  4 Sept [1861]
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum (Hope Entomological collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3243

To J. O. Westwood   30 July 1862

Summary

Asks JOW if he can see bee with pollen masses, and gives details for sending it by post or rail.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Obadiah Westwood
Date:  30 July 1862
Classmark:  Washington University in St Louis Libraries, Special Collections (tipped into Orchids QK926.D259 1862)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3670F

From John Obadiah Westwood   23 November 1856

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Summary

The Kentucky cave insects (Adelops) are evidently identical to European species of the same genus, some of which are cave insects, others found in damp, dark places.

Author:  John Obadiah Westwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 297
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1998

From J. O. Westwood   26 September 1861

Summary

Has found the reference to Charles Morren’s paper, "On the agency of insects in causing sterility in flowers" [Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 1 (1836): xliv–xlv].

Common white butterflies remove pollen-masses with their tarsi from plants of the Asclepiadaceae.

Author:  John Obadiah Westwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Sept 1861
Classmark:  DAR 181: 89
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3267

From John Obadiah Westwood   14 May 1862

Summary

Thanks for Orchids.

Has captured a bee with pollinia adhering to its head. Will send it to CD if he likes.

Author:  John Obadiah Westwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 May 1862
Classmark:  DAR 181: 90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3547

From J. O. Westwood   1 August 1862

Summary

Bee with adhering orchid pollinia lent to Charles Daubeny. Pollen-masses shaken off but if CD still interested he is welcome to specimen.

Author:  John Obadiah Westwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 181
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3676

From John Obadiah Westwood   2 December 1864

Summary

Sends photo for B. D. Walsh; requests those of New World entomologists, and CD’s.

Author:  John Obadiah Westwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Dec 1864
Classmark:  Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago (Walsh)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4691
Document type
letter (10)
Addressee
Correspondent
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Westwood, J. O.[X]
Date
1856 (1)
1860 (2)
1861 (3)
1862 (3)
1864 (1)
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