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To John Scott   15 April [1872]

Summary

JS’s valuable observations on worms in India along with Asa Gray’s in the United States confirm CD’s opinion that worms work in the same way all over the world. Requests further information on the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  15 Apr [1872]
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8287F

To John Scott   12 August 1872

Summary

Acknowledges a box of worm-casts from India and a bottle of worms in spirits. There is no memorandum.

His book on expression is finished and includes valuable information from JS.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  12 Aug 1872
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8465F

To John Scott   26 October 1872

Summary

Acknowledges JS’s excellent letter of 25 September. May CD assume that the gigantic worm-casts were nearly circular when measured before the rain?

That a medical man should always have the place of superintendent seems a piece of jobbery.

Mentions [George] King.

JS’s thin paper renders some words on other side almost illegible.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  26 Oct 1872
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8578F

To John Scott   9 April 1864

Summary

Regrets that JS has left the [Edinburgh] Botanic Garden and that [J. D.] Hooker is not in a position to secure a foreign appointment for him. Offers financial assistance on the grounds of science.

Has sent JS a copy of the Reader.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  9 Apr 1864
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4458F

To John Scott   20 May [1864]

Summary

Corrects his former account of cowslips.

The delay in the publication of JS’s Primula paper.

Delights in JS’s experimentation on Verbascum which confirms [C. F.] Gärtner’s statements.

Should be pleased if JS would accept offer of help.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  20 May [1864]
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4504G

To John Scott   21 May [1864]

Summary

Encloses an extract from a letter received from [J. D.] Hooker which suggests a job opportunity in India. Advises careful reflection about the risks and the need for a character recommendation. Would like to support the costs of the voyage and initial living expenses.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  21 May [1864]
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 67–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4505F

To John Scott   10 June 1864

Summary

Letter of recommendation stating his high opinion of John Scott.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  10 June 1864
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4528

To John Scott   [after 8 January 1868]

Summary

Supports relocating the Calcutta Botanic Garden to a site near the Himalayas.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  [after 8 Jan 1868]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 116v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5352

To John Scott   3 June 1868

Summary

As JS’s powers of observation seem to exist in all lines, CD begs further information from him and [H. N. B.] Erskine about the natives’ expressions of indignation, affirmation, and negation. The movements of the eyebrows and forehead of a girl in violent grief are of particular interest.

Do sub-breeds of pigeons exist in India as in Europe, but not in England? If so, what is the colour of the plumage in males and females at different stages of development?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  3 June 1868
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 68–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6226F

To John Scott   1 November 1871

Summary

JS should not consider repaying CD; the money was a gift, not a loan.

JS’s information on expression is the best he has received.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  1 Nov 1871
Classmark:  DAR 185: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8045

To John Scott   15 January 1872

Summary

Is resuming the study of worm-casts as he believes they will bear on the denudation of land. Requests specific information on the relative number, size, and manner of deterioration of worm-casts in India.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  15 Jan 1872
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8159F

To John Scott   12 November [1862]

Summary

Discusses whether or not "male" Acropera bear fruit. JS’s interpretation of Acropera pollination is ingenious. Pollen-tubes of some cleistogamous flowers germinate in the anthers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  12 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B7–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3805

To John Scott   19 November [1862]

Summary

Praises JS’s experimenting.

Has he ever studied the relative fertility of varieties? CD very interested in this subject.

Discusses Acropera.

Wants to quote JS on Zea [Variation 1: 321].

CD sends his Primula paper [Collected papers 2: 45–63].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  19 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B11–B14, DAR 147: 431
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3814

To John Scott   3 December [1862]

Summary

JS’s facts on Primula are new to CD.

In Linum CD has also found dimorphic and non-dimorphic species.

Plans to publish next autumn on successive homomorphic generations in Primula.

"Fluctuating forms" due to culture.

Urges JS to publish.

Lobelia functionally monoecious.

Where did JS publish on Clivia hybrids? Did he count parent and cross seeds, as Gärtner shows is necessary?

CD has done large experiments on artificially fertilised cowslips. They never resemble oxlips.

Would welcome detailed criticism of natural selection by a careful observer like JS. Most criticism worthless. Expects a great deal from Lyell’s reaction.

Suggests JS do orchid experiment to see if rostellum can be penetrated by pollen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  3 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B60–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3844

To John Scott   11 December [1862]

Summary

Criticises style of JS’s fern paper [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 16 (1862): 209–27].

JS’s remark on "the two sexes counteracting variability in the product of the one" is new to CD.

Does the female [fern?] plant always produce female by parthenogenesis?

They seem to work on same subjects; CD has much material on Drosera.

Does not understand JS’s objections to natural selection.

Offers to suggest experiments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  11 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B37, B49–52
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3853

To John Scott   19 December [1862]

Summary

JS should be proud of his paper ["Nature of the fern-spore", Edinburgh New. Philos. J. 2d ser. 16 (1862): 209–27].

CD has just found that JS’s observations on the confluence of two sexes causing variability were independently confirmed by Huxley.

CD has always suspected a fundamental difference between buds and ovules.

Asks for examples of "bud-variation" or "sports".

Asks JS to test germination of pollen on rostellum of Laelia.

Offers JS money for experimental supplies, e.g., netting, to keep insects out of flowers.

Encloses an outline of crossing experiments with Lythraceae, Primula, Pelargonium, and others, which he feels would be valuable.

Note on melastomids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  19 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B35–6, B64–5, B80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3868

To John Scott   8 January [1863]

Summary

CD’s respect for JS’s indomitable work and interesting experiments increases steadily.

His gratitude for the primulas and the astonishing Gongora specimen.

Asks JS’s opinion about crossing a primrose with the pollen of a wild cowslip and of a cultivated polyanthus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  8 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3908F

To John Scott   21 January [1863]

Summary

Urges JS to publish on orchid pollen-tubes.

Suggests comparing stigmatic tissue of sterile hybrids and fertile parent; he would expect hybrid plant’s cell contents not to be coagulated after 24 hours in spirits of wine.

Suggests JS coat orchid stigmas with plaster of Paris for his work on rostellar germination.

Asks for list of "bud-variation" cases; CD has devoted a chapter to the subject.

Inquiries about I. Anderson-Henry’s observational competence.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  21 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B56–7, B75–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3934

To John Scott   16 February [1863]

Summary

Tells JS Acropera capsule should be left to grow.

JS was correct on "bud-variation" in fern frond.

Does not believe Primula structure necessarily related to dioecism, but the difference in fertility of the two forms forced him to admit the possibility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  16 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B55, B81–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3991

To John Scott   20 [February 1863]

Summary

Thanks JS for the very large Acropera capsule. CD has perhaps made a blunder about the sex of Acropera.

JS was right that successive homomorphic generations of Primula breed true.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  20 [Feb 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B20–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4003
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letter (89)
Author
Addressee
Correspondent
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Scott, John[X]
Date
1862 (10)
1863 (34)
1864 (23)
1865 (3)
1867 (2)
1868 (4)
1869 (2)
1871 (1)
1872 (6)
1876 (2)
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