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From Alphonse de Candolle   15 July 1875

Summary

Thanks for Insectivorous plants.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 July 1875
Classmark:  DAR 161: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10067

From Alphonse de Candolle   16 December 1876

Summary

Thanks for Cross and self-fertilisation.

Discusses geographical implications of inbreeding. Can the length of time an insular flora has been isolated be estimated by its weakness due to inbreeding?

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Dec 1876
Classmark:  DAR 161: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10724

From Alphonse de Candolle   January 1877

Summary

Introduces his son Casimir, who is visiting England.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  Jan 1877
Classmark:  DAR 161: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10759

From Alphonse de Candolle   31 July 1877

Summary

Thanks for Forms of flowers.

In his Monographiae phanerogamarum [vol. 1 (1878)] he discusses transitional forms of dioecism in three genera of Smilax.

Criticises CD’s use of the words "purpose" and "end", but acknowledges that in English they can mean both cause and effect.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 161: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11084

From Alphonse de Candolle   14 August 1877

Summary

Thanks for Francis Darwin’s Dipsacus paper.

Dislikes the word "protoplasm", because improved microscopes will uncover more fundamental substances. Also "plasma" merely hides the ignorance of modern chemists.

Expects waxy, glaucous-leaved plants to be most frequent in dry temperate climates.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Aug 1877
Classmark:  DAR 161: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11106

From Alphonse de Candolle   8 October 1877

Summary

Speculates that the function of "bloom" is to prevent evaporation.

Raised CD’s question about the geographical distribution of glaucous plants at recent botanical meeting.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Oct 1877
Classmark:  DAR 161: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11173

From Alphonse de Candolle   10 August 1878

Summary

Congratulations on CD’s long-overdue election to the French Academy of Sciences.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Aug 1878
Classmark:  DAR 161: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11650

From Alphonse de Candolle   23 November 1880

Summary

Finds CD was correct in Variation: hybrid bees tend to sting more often than pure-bred bees.

Preparing a second edition of the chapter on the origin of cultivated plants in his Géographie botanique. The work done since 1855 confirms his opinions.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Nov 1880
Classmark:  DAR 161: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12847

From Alphonse de Candolle   18 January [1881]

Summary

Thanks for Movement in plants. Praises the terms CD introduces, but criticises CD’s use of the teleological word "purpose".

Outlines his efforts to study the inheritance of characters in his family. F. Galton overemphasises the inheritance of good qualities.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Jan [1881]
Classmark:  DAR 161: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13017

From Alphonse de Candolle   9 July 1881

Summary

AdeC thinks Monographiae phanerogamarum may be of some use to CD for the most nearly correct names to adopt.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 July 1881
Classmark:  DAR 161: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13239

From Alphonse de Candolle   13 June 1862

Summary

Has read the Origin several times. His position is like Asa Gray’s: he wishes to believe in descent, but proofs of natural selection are lacking.

Looks forward to CD’s promised large book.

Thanks for Primula paper [Collected papers 2: 45–63]. Did CD sow the seeds of his crosses? One would like to know whether the two forms reappear at random.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 June 1862
Classmark:  DAR 161.1: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3603

From Alphonse de Candolle   18 September 1862

Summary

Praises Orchids.

He has finished his work on Quercus.

H. Lecoq has worked on hybridism,

and P. Duchartre on orchid polymorphism.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Sept 1862
Classmark:  DAR 161.1: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3730

From Alphonse de Candolle   3 June 1866

Summary

In London for the Botanical Congress; regrets missing CD.

Lyell and CD have mistaken H. Lecoq’s position on glaciers. He has not denied the possibility of a glacial period, only that decreased temperature is needed for their extension.

Recommends F. J. Ruprecht on vegetable detritus in the black earth chernozem of Russia.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 June 1866
Classmark:  DAR 161: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5111

From Alphonse de Candolle   15 March 1868

Summary

Thanks for Variation.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Mar 1868
Classmark:  DAR 161: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6013

From Alphonse de Candolle   2 July 1868

Summary

Offers notes and reflections on Variation.

Not convinced by Pangenesis, particularly its dependence on the Cytisus [graft hybrid] examples [ch. 27 and ch. 11].

What a book could be written on the application of natural history to man! Gives examples of inheritance in man.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 July 1868
Classmark:  DAR 161: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6264

From Alphonse de Candolle   15 July 1868

Summary

Corrects himself on Robinia pseud-acacia: its spines are stipules, which explains hereditary fixity.

AdeC’s observations on movement of scalp muscles.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 July 1868
Classmark:  DAR 161: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6277

From Alphonse de Candolle   28 September 1869

Summary

Reports on the differences of growth and development of plants of three species grown at Geneva from seed collected at different localities. Forwards seed for CD to plant and observe differences in development.

Carl Linsseer has published a memoir on the times of flowering, foliation, etc. of diverse species in different parts of Europe [Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg 7th ser. 11 no. 7 (1868)] and concludes that the northern forms are more forward and that this is hereditary. AdeC’s experiments carried out on annuals, show only the effects of heredity; probably the direct action of physical conditions affects development, at least in perennial species.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 32.i (EH 88206083)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6915

From Alphonse de Candolle   8 March 1871

Summary

Thanks for Descent.

Reveals that it is his own family that has the movable scalp.

The Franco-Prussian war has held up the publication of the 17th and last volume of the Prodromus.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 161: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7557

From Alphonse de Candolle   14 January 1873

Summary

Thanks for Expression, which has made him wonder whether his shyness in public until the age of 55 resulted from fear of subjecting his face to ridicule.

Criticises F. Galton’s Hereditary genius [1869] for neglecting environmental influence.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8737
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letter (19)
Addressee
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Correspondent
Candolle, Alphonse de[X]
Darwin, C. R.[X]
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