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To Nature   11 February [1874]

Summary

Prefaces Fritz Müller’s observations on termites and stingless bees [see 9281].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  11 Feb [1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 19 February 1874, pp. 308–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9283

To ?   15 February [1872–4]

Summary

Seeks permission for his son to look for a paper for him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  15 Feb [1872-4]
Classmark:  University of California Berkeley, Marian Koshland Bioscience, Natural Resources and Public Health Library Special Collections (Darwin Collection QH365.D251)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9292

To ?   11 March 1874

Summary

Thanks correspondent for offer of [unidentified] rare book but does not accept it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  11 Mar 1874
Classmark:  Harry Ransom Center, The University of Texas at Austin
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9351

To Nature   6 April [1874]

Summary

Comments on J. T. Moggridge’s article on the fertilisation of Fumaria capreolata [Nature 9 (1874): 423].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  6 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 16 April 1874, p. 460
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9393

To ?   12 April 1874

Summary

Thanks an unknown correspondent for the 4th edition of his 'remarkable work'.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  12 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Enns Entomology Museum, University of Missouri
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9405F

To Nature   18 April [1874]

Summary

CD has observed hundreds of primrose flowers cut off their stalks, and conjectures that this was done by birds to obtain the nectar. Asks readers of Nature in England and abroad whether primroses are subject to such destruction in their localities.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  18 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 23 April 1874, p. 482
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9418

To Nature   7 and 11 May [1874]

Summary

Thanks Nature correspondents for their observations on destruction of primroses [Nature 9 (1874): 509; 10 (1874): 6–7]. Reports an error in his observations: ovules, as well as nectar, are taken by the birds. As the habit of cutting off primrose flowers is widespread, CD concludes it is instinctive in bullfinches.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  7 and 11 May [1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 14 May 1874, pp. 24–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9444

To ?   28 April 1873

Summary

"I was born in the town of Shrewsbury Feb. 12, 1809."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  28 Apr 1873
Classmark:  Swann Galleries (dealer) (26 April 1984)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8888A

To ?   4 May [1873]

Summary

Explains that his publisher has erred in announcing his book [Cross and self-fertilisation] prematurely. [See 8890 and 8897.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  4 May [1873]
Classmark:  Remember When Auctions (Catalogue 41: 16 March 1997)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8897A

To ?   [before 22 May 1877?]

Summary

Writes as Treasurer of the Down Friendly Society; discusses financial matters related to the Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [before 22 May 1877?]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 166
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8932

To ?   18 July [1873?]

Summary

Comments on ability of recipient to move his scalp.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  18 July [1873?]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.430)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8982

To Nature   [before 24 July 1873]

Summary

Sends a letter from J. D. Hague confirming his earlier observation [see 8788] of frightened behaviour of ants when they come upon dead ants. CD had asked for confirmation because J. T. Moggridge had suggested that the ants’ behaviour was alarm at the scent of the observer’s fingers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 24 July 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 24 July 1873, p. 244
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8985

To Nature   20 September [1873]

Summary

CD, in commenting on Wyville Thomson’s "Notes from the Challenger" [Nature 8 (1873): 347–9], recapitulates his work on rudimentary male cirripedes [Living Cirripedia], especially the complementary males attached to hermaphrodites. Offers an explanation, on evolutionary grounds, of their function and size.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  20 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 25 September 1873, pp. 431–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9061

To ?   28 November [1873]

Summary

Will not require assistance of correspondent’s cousin in correcting his MS [2d ed. of Descent]. His son [George] will undertake it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  28 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9163

To ?   9 January 1873

Summary

Has pleasure in signing the [missing] enclosure, with every word of which he fully agrees.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  9 Jan 1873
Classmark:  Private collection
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8728F

To the Spectator   11 January 1873

Summary

Discusses two factors possibly causing modification of body or mind of an organism; habit and direct action of external conditions on the one hand, and selection, natural or artificial, on the other; considers their relative importance.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Spectator
Date:  11 Jan 1873
Classmark:  Spectator, 18 January 1873, p. 76.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8731

To Nature   [before 13 February 1873]

Summary

Sends a letter from William Huggins about a case of inherited fright in three generations of mastiffs. Discusses the different origins of instincts and their inheritance.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 13 Feb 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 13 February 1873, pp. 281–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8765

To Nature   [before 13 March 1873]

Summary

Recounts instances suggesting that animals have a sense of direction.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 13 Mar 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 13 March 1873, p. 360
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8809

To Nature   [before 27 March 1879]

Summary

In reply to a query [in Nature 19 (1879): 433] CD reports that vessels full of water were kept on the deck of a ship to discourage rats from gnawing holes in the ship’s water casks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 27 Mar 1879]
Classmark:  Nature, 27 March 1879, p. 481
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8826

To Nature   [before 3 April 1873]

Summary

Comments on article ["Perception and instinct in lower animals", Nature 7 (1871): 377–8].

Explains his contention that "many of the most wonderful instincts have been acquired, independently of habit, through the preservation of useful variations of pre-existing instincts". Cites examples: sterile workers of several species of social insects have acquired different instincts; movements of tumbler pigeons. Speculates that "many instincts have originated from modification or variations in the brain".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 3 April 1873, pp. 417–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8838
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