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To G. J. Romanes   15 November 1880


Comments on GJR’s article on hybridisation.

Recommends his article ["Fertility and hybrids from the Chinese and common goose", Collected papers 2: 219–20].

Discusses crosses of Lythrum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  15 Nov 1880
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.575)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12820

To Williams & Norgate   16 November 1880


Although he cannot use the Neapolitan work, his respect for the service to science rendered by the Zoological Station at Naples leads him to subscribe.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  16 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Swann Auction Galleries (dealers) (4 November 2010, lot 46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12823A

To B. J. Sulivan   17 November 1880


BJS’s case is one of the direct action of the pollen of one variety on the mother plant of another variety. Gives references to analogous cases.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Date:  17 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Sulivan family (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12825

To W. C. Williamson   18 November 1880


Receiving deputation gave CD pleasure.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Crawford Williamson
Date:  18 Nov 1880
Classmark:  DAR 221.4: 247
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12826

To Henry Johnson   18 November 1880


Is obliged for the clear answers to his queries.

Regrets that his health will not permit a visit to Wroxeter.

Will sign his name on next page, but "what geese people are about autographs".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Johnson
Date:  18 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Private collection
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12827A

To B. J. Placzek   [after 19 November 1880]


Expresses doubts that pigeons could rest one wing during flight.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Baruch Jakob Placzek
Date:  [after 19 Nov 1880]
Classmark:  Placzek 1883, p. 112 n.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12829F

To G. H. Darwin   20 November [1880]


Glad GHD goes on with ripple-marks; if he makes out a theory of ripples, they might give important information about the most ancient deposits.

CD has been wonderfully glorified in the Times [review of Movement in plants, 20 Nov 1880].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  20 Nov [1880]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12830

To J. V. Carus   22 November 1880


Very pleased by JVC’s note about Movement in plants. Feared he would find it intolerably dull. Some missing sheets are being replaced. Also sends a perfect copy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  22 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 183–184)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12840

To J. D. Hooker   23 November 1880



Admires Wallace’s Island life.

Criticises: 1. His view of similar plants on distant mountains – CD prefers previous low-land connections to Wallace’s summit–summit dispersal;

2. Source of warmth for ancient Arctic climate;

3. Origin of S. Australian flora.

CD’s favourite cases in Movement in plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Nov 1880
Classmark:  DAR 95: 496–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12841

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   23 November [1880]


WTT-D’s suggestion about absorbent function of pegs in Abronia suggests origin of pegs in Welwitschia, which deeply interests CD. Previously could not see how pegs became large enough to be of mechanical use. Now thinks tissue between hypocotyl and radicle absorbs fluid, which would favour rise of peg to expose larger surface.

Rejects German contempt for investigating use of organs.

Asks WTT-D to observe how worms draw Robinia leaves into burrows.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  23 Nov [1880]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Darwin: Letters to Thiselton-Dyer, 1873–81: ff. 209–11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12843

To G. H. Darwin   23 November [1880]


Discusses GHD’s ripple theory. Asks him how they are formed.

Delighted to hear that light is dawning in GHD’s eyes on the planetary system.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  23 Nov [1880]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 99
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12844

To W. E. Darwin   23 [November 1880]


Asks WED to observe whether worms consistently draw acacia leaves into their burrows with a particular end first.

Will soon know whether he will need worm-castings from Beaulieu.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  23 [Nov 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 153: 137
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12848

To Frederick McDermott   24 November 1880


CD does "not believe in the Bible as a divine revelation".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederick McDermott
Date:  24 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Bonhams, New York (dealers) (21 September 2015)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12851

To G. E. Mengozzi   [after 24 November 1880]


Asks GEM to thank La Scuola Italica for the honour conferred upon him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Giovanni Ettore Mengozzi
Date:  [after 24 Nov 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 112v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12853

To Raphael Meldola   25 November 1880


References to Fritz Müller’s papers relevant to Weismann’s Studien [in Kosmos (Aug, Sept, and Oct 1877)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Raphael Meldola
Date:  25 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum of Natural History (Hope Entomological Collections 1350: Hope/Westwood Archive, Darwin folder)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12854

To V. O. Kovalevsky   25 November [1880]


Will be pleased to have VOK come to Down any day.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Date:  25 Nov [1880]
Classmark:  Institut Mittag-Leffler
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12855

To Carlos Ribeiro   25 November 1880


Thanks for his great work on prehistoric remains in Portugal and his paper on Tertiary formations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Carlos Ribeiro
Date:  25 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia (Records of the Portuguese Geological Commission 1857–1918)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12857F

To M. T. Masters   [after 25 November 1880]


Thanks for note. CD had had misgivings about Chatin but had assumed he was trustworthy [see Movement in plants, p. 389].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Date:  [after 25 Nov 1880]
Classmark:  Smithsonian Libraries (Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology MSS 405 A. Gift of the Burndy Library)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12859

To T. H. Huxley   [after 26 November 1880]


Is glad that Hooker will sign memorial for Wallace’s pension. Had thought it hopeless because Hooker objected to ARW’s spiritualism and his bet on the sphericity of the globe.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [after 26 Nov 1880]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 349)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12864

To G. H. Darwin   [27 November 1880]


Thanks to Times review, Murray needs 500 more copies [of Movement in plants].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [27 Nov 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12865
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Darwin, C. R.[X]
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