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To Nature   [before 30 December 1880]


Quotes an extract from a letter from Mr Sanderson of Chislehurst on the disappearance of black or spotted sheep from Australian flocks when the coloured sheep ceased to be of use to man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 30 Dec 1880]
Classmark:  Nature, 30 December 1880, p. 193
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12955

To ?   18 August [1880?]


Thanks correspondent for information on a plant. It is too late for his present work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  18 Aug [1880?]
Classmark:  Harvard University, Department of Psychology
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13289A

To ?   5 November 1880


Refers correspondent to Descent for some information on marriage arrangements, and on the mental and moral nature of monkeys.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  5 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12797

To Nature   5 November [1880]


Sir Wyville Thomson misunderstands natural selection when he says the theory "refers the evolution of species to extreme variation guided only by natural selection". CD demurs at the "extreme variation" and the "only". No one has said evolution depends only on natural selection. CD has adduced many facts on the effects of use and disuse and on the direct action of the environment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  5 Nov [1880]
Classmark:  Nature, 11 November 1880, p. 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12800

To ?   3 August 1880


CD sends thanks for further instructions for making a solution, which will be followed as soon as Francis [Darwin] returns.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  3 Aug 1880
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12676

To ?   23 October 1880


Answers correspondent’s questions on his birth date and when he began work on origin of species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  23 Oct 1880
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12771

To ?   27 April 1880


Thanks correspondent for writing, "but such malconformations, as you mention, are not very rare & therefore do not possess much novelty".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  27 Apr 1880
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer) (July 1986)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12591

To Athenæum   24 January 1880


[Draft letter that was never sent, headed "First letter disapproved by everybody" in CD’s hand.] Explains that he had, in fact, mentioned in the MS of his part of Erasmus Darwin that Krause had added to his essay as it appeared in Kosmos. During subsequent revision, this mention was accidentally omitted. [Apropos of S. Butler’s charges against CD.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  24 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 92: B98–B101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12439

To Athenæum   1 February 1880


[A revised version (but also not sent) of the draft letter 12439.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  1 Feb 1880
Classmark:  DAR 92: B102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12449

To ?   19 March 1880


Henry Forbes in a letter to Moseley describes herons on the Keeling Islands.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  19 Mar 1880
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 210
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12538F

To Nature   9 April [1880]


Forwards a letter from E. S. Morse on Omori shell mounds refuting F. V. Dickins’ review [Nature 21 (1880): 350] of Morse’s memoir ["The shell mounds of Omori", Mem. Sci. Dep. Univ. Tokyo 1 (1879) pt 1].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  9 Apr [1880]
Classmark:  Nature, 15 April 1880, p. 561
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12571

To Maria   [1880–2]


Regrets he has not time to develop points touched on in her letter and that he does not understand what information she wants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maria
Date:  [1880–2]
Classmark:  DAR 201: 24v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12386

To Williams & Norgate   16 November 1880


Although he cannot use the Neapolitan work, his respect for the service to science rendered by the Zoological Station at Naples leads him to subscribe.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  16 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Swann Auction Galleries (dealers) (4 November 2010, lot 46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12823A

To B. J. Sulivan   17 November 1880


BJS’s case is one of the direct action of the pollen of one variety on the mother plant of another variety. Gives references to analogous cases.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Date:  17 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Sulivan family (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12825

To W. C. Williamson   18 November 1880


Receiving deputation gave CD pleasure.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Crawford Williamson
Date:  18 Nov 1880
Classmark:  DAR 221.4: 247
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12826

To Henry Johnson   18 November 1880


Is obliged for the clear answers to his queries.

Regrets that his health will not permit a visit to Wroxeter.

Will sign his name on next page, but "what geese people are about autographs".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Johnson
Date:  18 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Private collection
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12827A

To B. J. Placzek   [after 19 November 1880]


Expresses doubts that pigeons could rest one wing during flight.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Baruch Jakob Placzek
Date:  [after 19 Nov 1880]
Classmark:  Placzek 1883, p. 112 n.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12829F

To G. H. Darwin   20 November [1880]


Glad GHD goes on with ripple-marks; if he makes out a theory of ripples, they might give important information about the most ancient deposits.

CD has been wonderfully glorified in the Times [review of Movement in plants, 20 Nov 1880].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  20 Nov [1880]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12830

To J. V. Carus   22 November 1880


Very pleased by JVC’s note about Movement in plants. Feared he would find it intolerably dull. Some missing sheets are being replaced. Also sends a perfect copy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  22 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 183–184)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12840

To J. D. Hooker   23 November 1880



Admires Wallace’s Island life.

Criticises: 1. His view of similar plants on distant mountains – CD prefers previous low-land connections to Wallace’s summit–summit dispersal;

2. Source of warmth for ancient Arctic climate;

3. Origin of S. Australian flora.

CD’s favourite cases in Movement in plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Nov 1880
Classmark:  DAR 95: 496–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12841
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Darwin, C. R.[X]
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