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To ?   5 November 1880


Refers correspondent to Descent for some information on marriage arrangements, and on the mental and moral nature of monkeys.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  5 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12797

To Nature   5 November [1880]


Sir Wyville Thomson misunderstands natural selection when he says the theory "refers the evolution of species to extreme variation guided only by natural selection". CD demurs at the "extreme variation" and the "only". No one has said evolution depends only on natural selection. CD has adduced many facts on the effects of use and disuse and on the direct action of the environment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  5 Nov [1880]
Classmark:  Nature, 11 November 1880, p. 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12800

To T. H. Huxley   5 November 1880


Has read THH’s review of Sir Wyville Thomson’s [Introduction to the] Voyage of the "Challenger".

Sends a draft of a letter for Nature [Collected papers 2: 223–4]. He particularly asks THH to decide whether he should include a certain paragraph [see ML 1: 389].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  5 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 344)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12796

To George Maw   8 November 1880


Believes the flexure in GM’s dead animals must result from the greater strength of the muscles on the left side. Thinks his son George once tested the strength of each leg of a group of boys, and CD could get his notes if wanted.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Maw
Date:  8 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/18)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12805

To A. B. Buckley   9 November 1880


Thanks for information about Wallace. Is preparing memorial to be submitted to Government [seeking pension for Wallace].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Arabella Burton Buckley
Date:  9 Nov 1880
Classmark:  DAR 143: 183
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12806

To T. H. Huxley   13 November 1880


Sends draft of memorial for a pension for Wallace with suggested names of signers. Asks THH’s help.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  13 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 346)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12811

To Daniel Mackintosh   13 November 1880


Comments on DM’s ["The Moel-Tryfan shelly deposits", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 37 (1881): 351–69].

Comments on cause of earthquakes.

Believes formation of ice lowered level of sea.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Mackintosh
Date:  13 Nov 1880
Classmark:  DAR 146: 334
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12812

To G. J. Romanes   14 November [1880]


Comments on hybridisation; cites authorities. Sends book by Wilhelm Olbers Focke [Die Pflanzen-Mischlinge (1881)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  14 Nov [1880]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.574)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12814

To Henry Johnson   14 November 1880


Thanks for information on the slope of ground at Worcester.

CD’s passion now is worms.

Sends Movement in plants. While correcting proof, CD remembered an old article by HHJ, which he regrets not including.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Johnson
Date:  14 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12816

To A. B. Buckley   14 November 1880


Comments on her new book [Life and her children (1880)]. "… you have treated evolution with much dexterity and truthfulness".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Arabella Burton Buckley
Date:  14 Nov 1880
Classmark:  DAR 143: 184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12818

To James Paget   14 November 1880


Surprising thought that diseases of plants should illustrate human pathology.

Will recommend A. B. Frank’s article in a German encyclopedia, on diseases of plants, to Francis Darwin.

Gives JP a good case of regeneration in plants – the radicle of the common bean. That plants have little power of regeneration is not difficult to understand by anyone who believes in Pangenesis, "if such a man exists … There is reason to think that my imaginary gemmules have small power of passing from cell to cell."

Refers to early experiments in which he tried to produce galls in plants by injecting poisons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Paget, 1st baronet
Date:  14 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Wellcome Collection (MS.5703/31)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12819

To G. J. Romanes   15 November 1880


Comments on GJR’s article on hybridisation.

Recommends his article ["Fertility and hybrids from the Chinese and common goose", Collected papers 2: 219–20].

Discusses crosses of Lythrum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  15 Nov 1880
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.575)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12820

To Williams & Norgate   16 November 1880


Although he cannot use the Neapolitan work, his respect for the service to science rendered by the Zoological Station at Naples leads him to subscribe.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  16 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Swann Auction Galleries (dealers) (4 November 2010, lot 46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12823A

To B. J. Sulivan   17 November 1880


BJS’s case is one of the direct action of the pollen of one variety on the mother plant of another variety. Gives references to analogous cases.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Date:  17 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Sulivan family (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12825

To W. C. Williamson   18 November 1880


Receiving deputation gave CD pleasure.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Crawford Williamson
Date:  18 Nov 1880
Classmark:  DAR 221.4: 247
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12826

To Henry Johnson   18 November 1880


Is obliged for the clear answers to his queries.

Regrets that his health will not permit a visit to Wroxeter.

Will sign his name on next page, but "what geese people are about autographs".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Johnson
Date:  18 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Private collection
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12827A

To B. J. Placzek   [after 19 November 1880]


Expresses doubts that pigeons could rest one wing during flight.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Baruch Jakob Placzek
Date:  [after 19 Nov 1880]
Classmark:  Placzek 1883, p. 112 n.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12829F

To G. H. Darwin   20 November [1880]


Glad GHD goes on with ripple-marks; if he makes out a theory of ripples, they might give important information about the most ancient deposits.

CD has been wonderfully glorified in the Times [review of Movement in plants, 20 Nov 1880].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  20 Nov [1880]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12830

To J. V. Carus   22 November 1880


Very pleased by JVC’s note about Movement in plants. Feared he would find it intolerably dull. Some missing sheets are being replaced. Also sends a perfect copy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  22 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 183–184)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12840

To J. D. Hooker   23 November 1880



Admires Wallace’s Island life.

Criticises: 1. His view of similar plants on distant mountains – CD prefers previous low-land connections to Wallace’s summit–summit dispersal;

2. Source of warmth for ancient Arctic climate;

3. Origin of S. Australian flora.

CD’s favourite cases in Movement in plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Nov 1880
Classmark:  DAR 95: 496–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12841
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