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Darwin Correspondence Project
"Darwin C R" in search-correspondent [X]
Darwin, C. R. in author [X]
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To ?   23 October 1880


Answers correspondent’s questions on his birth date and when he began work on origin of species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  23 Oct 1880
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12771

To A. B. Buckley   31 October [1880]


Has talked to Lubbock and Huxley about pension for Wallace. Asks for help in getting information about Wallace’s circumstances.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Arabella Burton Buckley
Date:  31 Oct [1880]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 182
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12785

To T. H. Farrer   1 October 1880


Sends some questions raised by THF’s notes on earthworms at Abinger; he plans to use them in his book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  1 Oct 1880
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/34)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12732

To George King   2 October 1880


Glad GK will come. But cannot talk long to anyone.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George King
Date:  2 Oct 1880
Classmark:  DAR 146: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12735

To Ernst Krause   7 October 1880


Insists that EK take the profits from the English edition of Erasmus Darwin. EK’s essay is the valuable part of the book; CD’s is mainly gossip.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Date:  7 Oct 1880
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 36208)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12740

To T. H. Farrer   8 October 1880



Questions the exact location of rooms and trenches at Abinger excavation [for Earthworms].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  8 Oct 1880
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/35); DAR 185: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12743

To Sophy Wedgwood   8 October [1880]


Asks her to look for worm-castings in heath. Thinks heath conditions may be unfavourable. CD is sure Lucy would look with her, from her well-known affection for worms. Asks what sort of lantern Lucy used.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Katherine Elizabeth Sophy (Sophy) Wedgwood
Date:  8 Oct [1880]
Classmark:  Cambridge University Library (MS Add 4251: 335)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12745

To G. H. Darwin   [before 9 October 1880]


Discusses how fruits of lime-trees arranged themselves in a ripple-like way on a flooded walk.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [before 9 Oct 1880]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 97
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12746

To T. H. Farrer   10 October [1880]


Thanks THF for notes on Abinger excavation. Asks for more castings.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  10 Oct [1880]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/36)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12749

To Romain Moniez   10 October 1880


Acknowledges receipt of R-LM’s book on parasitic worms. [Perhaps Essai monographique sur les cysticerques (1880) in vol. 3 of the Travaux of the Institut Zoologique de Lille.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Romain-Louis (Romain) Moniez
Date:  10 Oct 1880
Classmark:  Pierre Bergé (dealers) (22 November 2010, lot 63)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12751A

To T. H. Farrer   13 October 1880


THF’s copybook has cleared up all points. The castings are invaluable. Encloses further queries [missing].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  13 Oct 1880
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12755

To T. H. Farrer   13 October [1880]


Is worried about brick particles in worm-castings. Asks THF for castings from a site where possible error would be avoided.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  13 Oct [1880]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/38)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12756

To E. B. Aveling   13 October 1880


Publication of EA’s remarks on CD’s writings requires no consent on CD’s part. CD would prefer that no part or volume be dedicated to him as it would imply his general approval of the publication, of which he knows nothing. Though he is a strong advocate of free-thought CD feels that direct attacks on Christianity and theism produce hardly any effect. Freedom of thought is best promoted by gradual illumination of men’s minds produced by advance of science. Has therefore avoided writing on religion though "I may have been unduly biassed by the pain which it would give members of my family, if I aided in any way direct attacks on religion".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Bibbens Aveling
Date:  13 Oct 1880
Classmark:  International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam (Karl Marx / Friedrich Engels Papers D. 1014)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12757

To Baxter, Payne, and Lepper   14 October 1880


Questions BP & Co. on notices requesting the payment of rent charges.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Baxter, Payne, and Lepper
Date:  14 Oct 1880
Classmark:  DAR 202: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12759

To T. H. Farrer   20 October 1880


Has started experiment to see whether particles of stone become rounded in the gizzards of worms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  20 Oct 1880
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/31)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12766

To C.-F. Reinwald   20 October 1880


CD has arranged with Murray for CR to have woodcuts at cost for proposed French translation [of Movement in plants].

Has sent £10 to Mme Barbier.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Date:  20 Oct 1880
Classmark:  Smithsonian Libraries (Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology MSS 405 A. Gift of the Burndy Library)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12768

To T. H. Thomas   22 October 1880


Thanks correspondent and H. J. Schaaffhausen for interesting photographs of fine footprints.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Thomas
Date:  22 Oct 1880
Classmark:  The National Library of Wales (NLW MS. 3127C no.12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12770

To S. T. Preston   25 October 1880


Comments on STP’s article on women ["Evolution and female education", Nature 22 (1880): 485–6].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Tolver Preston
Date:  25 Oct 1880
Classmark:  DAR 147: 251
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12775

To G. E. Mengozzi   [before 28] October 1880


Does not believe any organic being is evidence of design; refers GEM to the last pages of Variation for his reasons. Even if no organism shows evidence of design, this does not preclude faith in the existence of a loving creator; evidence of such a creator must be looked for outside the limits of physical science.

Thanks him for the volume on the philosophy of medicine,

and asks him to convey to the Scuola Italica thanks for the great honour they have done him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Giovanni Ettore Mengozzi
Date:  [before 28] Oct 1880
Classmark:  Roma Etrusca 2 (1881): 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12778F

To James Torbitt   29 October 1880


"Your secret shall be inviolable, and to make sure in case of my illness or death I have now burnt your letter."

Wishes JT success in commercial venture.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Torbitt
Date:  29 Oct 1880
Classmark:  DAR 148: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12780
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