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To ?   17 December [1866]


Gives information about obtaining the most recent (4th) edition of Origin.

Is glad to hear that his correspondent is interested in the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  17 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  Bloomsbury Auctions (dealers) (22 June 2017)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5310F

To ?   10 May [1866?]


The apparent difference in arm lengths of compositors is due to a drooping shoulder. File-makers stand in a peculiar position and call one of their legs the hind leg.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  10 May [1866?]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5083

To ?   2 August [1866]


Has not seen K. E. von Baer’s paper ["Über Papuas und Alfuren", Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg (Sci. Nat.) 8 (1859): 269–346], but has read extract.

Knew of case of hairy and toothless family through John Crawfurd, Journal of an embassy from the Governor-General of India [2d ed. (1834)].

Working on causes of variability.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  2 Aug [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.318)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5170

To Charles Lyell   8[–9] September [1866]


Disappointed to put off CL’s visit because of illness of CD’s sister [Susan], but hopes to see him in October.

Thanks for lending pamphlet [L. Agassiz, Geology of the Amazons]. Agassiz has written "wild nonsense".

Refers to a translation of Pictet and Humbert’s "capital" paper on fossil fish ["Recent researches on the fossil fishes of Mount Lebanon", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 18 (1866): 237].

Hooker’s lecture at BAAS Nottingham meeting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8[–9] Sept [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.319)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5208

To Asa Gray   10 September [1866]


L. Agassiz’s evidence [for glaciation of America] is very weak.

Thanks AG for arranging for American edition of Variation, but doubts that the book will be successful.

Has found no differences in pollen of Rhamnus so cannot conjecture whether it is dimorphic.

The common oxlip of England is certainly a hybrid between the primrose and the cowslip whereas Primula elatior is a good species.

Reports experiments on the relative vigour of seedlings from cross- and self-fertilised plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  10 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (92)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5210

To W. B. Tegetmeier   14 September [1866]


Blocks for Variation are much improved. WBT deserves membership in Zoological Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  14 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5212

To Albert Gaudry   17 September [1866]


Thanks AG for Considérations générales [sur les animaux fossiles] de Pikermi [1866]. The observations on the various intermediate fossil forms seem most valuable.

AG does not fully understand what CD means by "the struggle for existence, or concurrence vitale".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albert-Jean (Albert) Gaudry
Date:  17 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milan (Library: Fondo Gaudry b. 7, fasc. 28, doc. 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5213

To Fritz Müller   25 September [1866]


Fertilisation in orchids: Friedrich Hildebrand’s paper.


Climbing plants.

Agassiz’s attempts to eliminate all Darwinian views.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  25 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5216

To J. D. Hooker   25 September [1866]



Susan Darwin still lives, but is dying.

Requests an Erica massoni to compare with Drosera.

On L. Agassiz’s "astonishing" view that Amazon Valley was filled with gigantic glacier. Asa Gray says LA is determined to cover the globe with glaciers in order to destroy "Darwinian views".

Excellent review of A. Murray [The geographical distribution of mammals] in Gardeners’ Chronicle [(1866): 902].

Frankland’s Royal Institution lecture ["On the source of muscular power" Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 4 (1862–6): 661–85].

Wallace’s paper.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 300
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5217

To William Bowman   26 September [1866]


Thanks WB for his paper ["Address in surgery", Br. Med. J. (1866): 186–97, read at British Medical Association annual meeting, 9 Aug 1866].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  26 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  Roy Davids Ltd (1996)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5219

To George Bentham   27 September [1866]


His memory deceived him about GB’s statement [on propagation of thistles].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  27 Sept [1866]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: ff. 705–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5220

To Ernst Haeckel   [20 October 1866]


Explains how to get to Down for visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  [20 Oct 1866]
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1-52/11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5224

To George Bentham   1 October 1866


Invites GB and wife to luncheon.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  1 Oct 1866
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: f. 707)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5225

To J. D. Hooker   2 October [1866]



Did not think JDH had written Murray review [see 5217].

Does not think Gardeners’ Chronicle best for publication of "Insular floras" [Gard. Chron. (1867): 6–7, 27, 50–1, 75–6].

T. Laxton’s article, on direct action of pollen of peas on seed and pod, a grand physiological fact and "delightful" for Pangenesis.

Interview with Herbert Spencer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 Oct [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 301
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5227

To F. T. Buckland   2 October 1866


Declines contributing to Land and Water. Asks if F. T. Buckland can insert a question about the feet of otter hounds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Buckland, F. T.
Date:  02 Oct 1866
Classmark:  Rendells
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5227F

To J. D. Hooker   [4 October 1866]



Susan Darwin is dead.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [4 Oct 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 302
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5228

To Charles Lyell   9 October [1866]


Comments on proofs [of Principles of geology, 10th ed. (1867–8)]: CL does not allude to the specialisation of classes.

Discusses CL’s argument from the absence of Cetacea in Secondary rocks;

finds his discussion of man "superfluous and too orthodox".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  9 Oct [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.320)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5236

To Charles Lyell   12 October [1866]


More comments on proofs [of CL’s Principles of geology, 10th ed.]. Discusses permanence of continents and other points.

Refers to passage describing evaporation of snow in Journal [of researches, pp. 277–8].

Cites astronomers’ views on increasing length of day.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  12 Oct [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.321)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5239

To Charles Pritchard   12 October [1866]


Responds to CP’s sermon. Corrects CP’s confusion of what CD said about eyes of the Articulata with human eye,

and questions applicability of CP’s mathematical arguments about length of geological time needed for evolution.

Agrees he was foolish about the Wealden, now struck from later editions [Origin, pp. 285–7].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Pritchard
Date:  12 Oct [1866]
Classmark:  A. Pritchard comp. 1897, p. 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5240

To Land and Water   [2 October 1866]


Requests information about the feet of otter-hounds. Is the membrane between the toes more largely developed than in other hounds? To which part or joint of the toes does the skin extend? Is it hollowed out? [There is a hand-written copy of this letter in Invercargill City Libraries and Archives (Alex Robertson Collection, vol. 1: A0444 S12450001). The handwriting is not CD’s: it may be a copy made for the printer, or maybe by a reader of the magazine.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Land and Water
Date:  [2 Oct 1866]
Classmark:  Land and Water, 6 October 1866, p. 244
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5240A
Document type
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Darwin, C. R.[X]
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