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To ?   1 August [1864 or 1865]


Sends a photograph of himself.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  1 Aug [1864-5]
Classmark:  Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, Bibliothèque de Botanique, Paris (Ms CRY 493, fol. 637)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4580F

To William Lonsdale   6 May [1864]


Thanks WL for his MS on coral and suggests that it be sent to the Geological Society for printing or preserving in the archives.

Comments on his and WL’s bad health and recalls WL’s past kindness to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Lonsdale
Date:  6 May [1864]
Classmark:  Murch 1893, pp. 436–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5080A

To William Erasmus Darwin   [1 May 1864]


Writes of dimorphic plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [1 May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5127

To J. H. Balfour   21 October [1864]


Thanks Balfour for Corydalis seed

and sends a photo of himself.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Hutton Balfour
Date:  21 Oct [1864]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh (Balfour papers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5251

To W. E. Darwin   [19 May 1864]


Mentions WED’s extraordinary discovery of some pollen-grains of different sizes. The observations must be followed up.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [19 May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5333

To W. B. Tegetmeier   2 February [1864]


Returns WBT’s box of skulls. One or two skulls may be elsewhere, but CD does not have the strength to search for them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  2 Feb [1864]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5389

To J. D. Hooker   [1 September 1864]



CD continues to have trouble reconciling the Veitch’s names for Bignonia plants and Kew names.

Lyell and Falconer called on CD in London.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [1 Sept 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 248
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4605

To Auguste Laugel   4 September [1864]


Thanks for a copy of AAL’s Problèmes de la nature 1864 (Problems of Nature; Laugel 1864).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Antoine Auguste (Auguste) Laugel
Date:  4 Sept [1864]
Classmark:  Librairie du Manoir de Pron (dealers) (January 2016)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4607F

To Hermann Kindt   7 September [1864]


Explains that Orchids has been translated into German (Bronn trans. 1862); and that Living Cirripedia can now be purchased at Hardwicke’s, 192 Piccadilly, London.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hermann Adolph Christian August (Hermann) Kindt
Date:  7 Sept [1864]
Classmark:  Universitätsbibliothek Leipzig (Autographensammlung Kestner: Slg. Kestner/II/C/II/125/Nr. 1, Mappe 125, Blatt Nr1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4609G

To Asa Gray   13 September [1864]


Has finished Climbing plants;

resuming work on Variation.

Sends abstract of John Scott’s paper [see 4332].

Has received review of Herbert Spencer but cannot believe AG wrote it unless he has muddled his brains with metaphysics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  13 Sept [1864]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (89)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4611

To J. D. Hooker   13 September [1864]



Pleased that Bentham is cautious about Naudin’s view of reversion. CD can show experimentally that crossing of races and species tends to bring back ancient characters.

Suggests Gärtner’s Bastarderzeugung [1849] be translated

and that Oliver review Scott’s Primula paper [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 78–126] for a future issue of Natural History Review.

Is working on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 Sept [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 249a–b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4612

To John Hutton Balfour   15 September [1864]


Inquires which nurserymen near Edinburgh cultivate coloured primroses and cowslips. Wants to repeat John Scott’s remarkable experiments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Hutton Balfour
Date:  15 Sept [1864]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh (Balfour papers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4613

To Daniel Oliver   17 September [1864]



Glad that Oliver is to review John Scott’s paper in the Natural History Review (Scott 1864a). Apologises that his enclosed references (now missing) are so paltry.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  17 Sept [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4615F

To M. T. Masters   20 September [1864]


CD sends thanks for MTM’s note on monsters. Adds comment on MTM’s point that some species become monstrous more frequently than others.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Date:  20 Sept [1864]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4618

To J. D. Hooker   23 September [1864]



Pleased with news of BAAS meeting

and Scott’s possible position as Thomas Anderson’s curator.

Suggests Wallace is due for a Royal Medal.

Agrees with JDH’s criticism of Lyell’s address [see 4614].

Bentham’s Linnean Society address treats continuity of life in a vague non-natural sense.

Rereading his old MS [Natural selection] CD is impressed with work he had already done.

Writing Variation much harder than Climbing plants.

Encloses request to JDH to propose, or suggest on his behalf, that the Ray Society publish a translation of C. F. von Gärtner’s Versuche und Beobachtungen über die Bastarderzeugung im Pflanzenreich (1849).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Sept [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 14; DAR 115: 250a–c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4621

To T. H. Huxley   3 October [1864]


Admires THH’s article on Kölliker’s and Flourens’ criticisms of Origin [in Natural History Review (1864): 566–80].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 Oct [1864]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 205)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4624

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [before 8 October 1864]


Asks anyone who possesses a treatise on gardening, or an almanac, one or two centuries old, to look up what date is given as the proper period for sowing scarlet runners or dwarf French beans. CD wants to ascertain whether these plants can now be sown earlier than was formerly the case.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 8 Oct 1864]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette (1864): 965
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4629

To J. D. Hooker   8 October [1864]



Huxley has answered Kölliker in Natural History Review [(1864): 566–80].

CD is correcting two of Scott’s papers; is convinced primrose and cowslip are two good species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Oct [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 251
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4630

To Ernst Haeckel   [after 10] August – 8 October [1864]


Can understand EH’s feelings on death of his wife.

CD was impressed by manner in which species in South America are replaced by closely allied ones, by affinity of species inhabiting islands near S. America, and by relation of living Edentata and Rodentia to extinct species. When he read Malthus On population, the idea of natural selection flashed on him.

Agrees with EH’s remarks on Kölliker ["Darwin’sche Schöpfungstheorie", Z. Wiss. Zool. 14 (1864): 174–86].

Asks EH to thank Carl Gegenbaur [for Vergleichende Anatomie der Wirbelthiere (1864)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  [after 10] Aug – 8 Oct [1864]
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A–Abt. 1: 1–52/5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4631

To Charles Buxton   12 October [1864]


Has heard that the yeast in CB’s brewery has failed. Asks for confirmation and answers to some questions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Buxton
Date:  12 Oct [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 92: A36–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4633
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