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To ? [‘Julian’]   [c.1864]


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Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [c. 1864]
Classmark:  The British Library (Surrogate RP 10629)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4375F

To an editor   24 March [1863?]


Encloses a dialogue on species from a New Zealand newspaper [S. Butler’s First dialogue on evolution, from the Christchurch Press].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  24 Mar [1863?]
Classmark:  Canterbury Museum, Christchurch, New Zealand
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4058

To Athenæum   18 April [1863]


Attacks the doctrine of "heterogeny" (spontaneous generation during each geological period) as completely lacking in evidence.

Defends natural selection as connecting large classes of facts in natural history. That certain forms have not changed since remote epochs is not an objection of any force.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  18 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Athenæum, 25 April 1863, pp. 554–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4108

To Athenæum   5 May [1863]


Replies to a reviewer’s statement, that any theory of descent will connect large classes of facts, by pointing out that no other explanation has been as satisfactory as natural selection. But whatever view is adopted "signifies extremely little in comparison with the admission that species have descended from other species and have not been created immutable".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  5 May [1863]
Classmark:  Athenæum, 9 May 1863, p. 617
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4142

To ?   28 April [1863?]


Discusses exchange of photographs with Édouard Claparède, "for whom I feel the highest respect".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  28 Apr [1863?]
Classmark:  Christie’s (dealers) (6 August 1975, lot 176)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13866

To George Snow   8 May 1863


Has pleasure in giving GS a testimonial for the office of surveyor for the Bromley District.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Snow
Date:  8 May 1863
Classmark:  Lawrences Auctioneers (dealers) (30 April – 2 May 2019, Lot 207)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4147F

To J. D. Hooker   [9 May 1863]



Lists the six honest believers in his species theory in England.

Asa Gray complains that Lyell acts like a judge on species, whereas CD complains of Lyell’s indecision.

CD working on divergence of leaves.

Distribution of Cameroon plants and the glacial theory.

Survival of island relics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [9 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4148

To Thomas Rivers   [9 May 1863]



Doubts the fruit will stick on his Chinese double peach and asks TR to send him a couple when ripe.

Would like to grow seeds of the "curious monstrosity" of a wall-flower, to see whether the monstrosity is hereditary.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Rivers
Date:  [9 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4150

To W. E. Darwin   [10 May 1863]


Thanks WED for his botanical specimens and observations.

Discusses Corydalis and the fertilisation of Fumariaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [10 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4151

To Asa Gray   11 May [1863]


CD despairs when men like AG and Lyell consider themselves incapable of judging on change of species by descent.

Is confused over phyllotaxy.

Has been looking at Plantago lanceolata.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 May [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (59)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4153

To Osbert Salvin   11 [May 1863]


At the suggestion of J. D. Hooker CD offers his opinion on the value of a proposed collection to be made at the Galápagos. The display would not be attractive or appealing to amateurs in natural history, but the scientific value of good collections of every species would be very great if those of each island are rigorously kept separate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Osbert Salvin
Date:  11 [May 1863]
Classmark:  Sybil Rampen
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4153A

To George Maw   12 May [1863]


Believes GM’s human bones from Gibraltar must be of very doubtful age. Lyell agrees, but feels any skull found should be forwarded to George Busk or Hugh Falconer.

Suggests GM look carefully for shells in the drift.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Maw
Date:  12 May [1863]
Classmark:  Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4157

To W. H. Flower   12 May [1863]


Thanks WHF for photographs [of niata ox skull]. Will tell Quatrefages de Bréau about the cast. May have the photographs copied for woodcuts to illustrate his book on variation under domestication.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Flower
Date:  12 May [1863]
Classmark:  Bonhams (dealers) (13 March 2002)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4158

To Richard Kippist   13 May [1863 or 1868]


Asks to borrow J. J. Audubon [Ornithological biography (1831–9)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Kippist
Date:  13 May [1863 or 1868]
Classmark:  Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University (Vault MSS 2, Box 12, Darwin)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4159

To H. B. Dobell   13 May [1863]


The [genealogical] table seems excellent. Would be obliged for any further information about the children of the cousins – the case surprises CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Horace Benge Dobell
Date:  13 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 221.5: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4162

To Edward Cresy   13 May [1863]


Thanks for maps.

George [Darwin] failed at St John’s [College, Cambridge] and will stay another year at school.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Cresy, Jr
Date:  13 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 323
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4164

To James Digues La Touche   14 May [1863?]


Thanks for drawing and note about peach–nectarine.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Digues La Touche
Date:  14 May [1863?]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4166

To Armand de Quatrefages   14 May [1863]


Is sending photographs of the niata skull [requested in 4082]. W. H. Flower reports that he could have a cast made for £3.3s.0d.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Date:  14 May [1863]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s, New York (dealers) (1997)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4166A

To J. D. Hooker   15 and 22 May [1863]



The Lyell–Falconer squabble.

Discusses island vs continental floras and their degree of modification.

Critical of Wallace.

CD’s observations on phyllotaxy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 and 22 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 115: 193
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4167

To George Bentham   22 May [1863]


Natural selection implies that a form remains unaltered unless an alteration is to its benefit. This is not inconsistent with some forms remaining stable for long periods. Natural selection must at present be grounded entirely on general considerations. Of details we are still greatly ignorant.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  22 May [1863]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: f. 711–13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4176
Document type
letter (233)
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Darwin, Emma (1)
Wedgwood, Emma (1)
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05 (33)
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