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CD memorandum   July 1857

Summary

Memorandum about £250 investment in Patent Siliceous Stone Company, owned by David Thomas Ansted and Frederick Ransome.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  unknown
Date:  July 1857
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2115F

To P. H. Gosse   27 April [1857]

Summary

Asks PHG to conduct an experiment to see if young littoral molluscs will cling to a duck’s foot – CD seeks to explain distribution of molluscs without adopting E. Forbes’s [continental extension] theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Philip Henry Gosse
Date:  27 Apr [1857]
Classmark:  Leeds University Library Special Collections (Brotherton Collection: Gosse Correspondence)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2082

To J. D. Hooker   [29 April 1857]

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Summary

Curative power of hydropathy.

General hairiness of alpine plants questioned: direct environmental effect.

CD has long felt JDH is too hard on bad observers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [29 Apr 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 194
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2084

To W. D. Fox   [30 April 1857]

Summary

His impressions of the hydropathic establishment and E. W. Lane. Is convinced the only thing for "chronic cases" is the water-cure.

Asks if WDF knows of any breed of pig that originated or was modified by a cross with a Chinese or Neapolitan pig, and whether the crossbreed bred true.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  [30 Apr 1857]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 103)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2085

To Alfred Russel Wallace   1 May 1857

Summary

Reports long preparation of work on how species and varieties differ. Agreement with Wallace’s conclusions as reported in Annals and Magazine of Natural History and in his letter to CD of 10 0ct [1856]. On distinction between domestic varieties and those in "a state of nature".

On mating of jaguars and leopards, the breeding of poultry, pigeons, etc.

Requests help for his experimenting on means of distribution of organic beings on oceanic islands.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  1 May 1857
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2086

To J. D. Hooker   [2 May 1857]

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Summary

JDH has shaved the hair off the alpine plant.

CD apologises for his criticism.

Apparent but false relations of plant structure to climate: heath-like foliage of all Cape of Good Hope plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [2 May 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 195
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2087

To J. D. Hooker   [3 May 1857]

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Summary

JDH’s last letter demolishes woolly alpine plant theory.

Correlation of apetalous flowers and cold climate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [3 May 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 196
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2088

To Asa Gray   9 May [1857]

Summary

Thanks for new part of "Statistics".

Interested in disjoined species; do they tend to belong to large or small genera, and are they generally members of small families?

Is glad AG will tackle introduced plants; has noticed that the proportion of a particular family to the whole flora tends to be similar in introduced and indigenous plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  9 May [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2089

To W. B. Tegetmeier   12 [May 1857]

Summary

Accepts a dozen eggs of rumpless Polands. Having so many enables him to see whether the breed "comes true".

Asks what colour turbits have dark tails – "it is just the class of facts which interest me".

Do fowls when crossed throw odd and unexpected colours like pigeons?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  12 [May 1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2090

To W. E. Darwin   13 May [1857]

Summary

Discusses family health and affairs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  13 May [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2091

To J. D. Hooker   16 [May 1857]

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Summary

Asks JDH’s opinion, and botanical evidence, on important law: parts that are highly developed in comparison to other allied species are very variable.

Interest in hairiness of alpine plants revived by reading A. Moquin-Tandon [Éléments de tératologie végétale (1841)]; correlation with dryness. CD seeks interpretation independent of direct environmental effect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 [May 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 197
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2092

To W. B. Tegetmeier   18 May [1857]

Summary

Lists pigeons and poultry he is forwarding to WBT.

Wants details of WBT’s Poultry book [1856–7]

and is anxious to purchase his long-winged runt.

Thanks him for help and information on fowl crosses.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  18 May [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2093

To William Sharpey   22 May [1857]

Summary

Agrees with Thomas Henry Huxley that Albany Hancock has a good claim on a Royal Society medal. Thinks that geology has not been sufficiently honoured by the Royal Society, and suggests Joseph Prestwich. Expresses his strong opinion that Charles Lyell would be a worthy recipient of the Copley Medal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Sharpey
Date:  22 May [1857]
Classmark:  D. and E. Lake Ltd (dealers) (June 2016)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2093F

To J. D. Dana   25 May [1857]

Summary

Thanks him for information concerning Crustacea.

Comments on natural history study in the U. S.

Mentions work done by Huxley on Crustacea ["Description of a new crustacean", J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 13 (1857): 363–9];

John Lubbock on larvae of Diptera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Dwight Dana
Date:  25 May [1857]
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (Silliman Family Papers (MS 450) Box 19, folder 25)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2094

To W. E. Darwin   [November 1857]

Summary

Is trying to find a tutor for WED.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [Nov 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2095

To W. E. Darwin   21 [July 1857]

Summary

Writes of WED’s recent excursion to Manchester and his future educational plans.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  21 [July 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2097

To J. D. Hooker   2 June [1857]

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Summary

Qualifications of John Lindley, Huxley, Albany Hancock, Joseph Prestwich, J. C. Ross, and Francis Beaufort for Royal Medal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 June [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 199
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2099

To William Sharpey   2 June [1857]

Summary

Supports nomination of John Lindley for award of Royal Medal of the Royal Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Sharpey
Date:  2 June [1857]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (MS Lowell Autograph File 84)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2100

To J. D. Hooker   3 June [1857]

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Summary

"Law" [see 2092] correlating variability and abnormal development not confirmed by JDH for plants.

CD studies struggle for existence in his weed garden.

Scotch fir observed at Moor Park.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 June [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 200
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2101

To J. D. Hooker   5 June [1857]

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Summary

Royal Society medals.

Correlation of variability and abnormal development is G. R. Waterhouse’s law. Relation of this law to polymorphism.

Colouring and marks of ancestral horse deduced from facts observed in pigeons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 June [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2102
Document type
letter (132)
Author
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Date
1857
01 (11)
02 (15)
03 (7)
04 (9)
05 (10)
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