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CD’s notes arising from conversations with J. D. Hooker   8 December 1844

Summary

[Notes on conversations with J. D. Hooker.] Geographical distribution; diffusion and distribution of species. Island and mountain floras; means of migration (high-roads, icebergs).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Dec 1844
Classmark:  DAR 100: 35–40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-798

To Solicitor?   1 October 1844

Summary

CD and Emma request transfer of some shares to E. A. Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Solicitor
Date:  1 Oct 1844
Classmark:  V&A / Wedgwood Collection (MS W/M 977)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-779

To J. D. Forbes   [November? 1844]

Summary

Believes JDF’s discoveries in the structure of glacier ice will explain the structure of many volcanic masses. Will JDF’s views throw any light on the primary laminated rocks?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James David Forbes
Date:  [Nov? 1844]
Classmark:  Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 2 1845: 18)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-786

To Henry Denny   7 November [1844]

Summary

Discusses HD’s information that same species of birds at remote stations have identical parasites. Urges him to investigate N. American land-bird parasites.

Is deeply interested in everything connected with geographical distribution, and the differences between species and varieties.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Denny
Date:  7 Nov [1844]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-787

To J. D. Hooker   [10–11 November 1844]

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Summary

Origin of Antarctic brash ice.

Further on case of Lycopodium: does JDH know any genera of plants whose species are variable in one continent but not in another? Discussion on variations between floras as regards species richness, and factors affecting geographical distribution. On species, CD expects "that I shall be able to show even to sound naturalists that there are two sides to the question of the immutability of species; – that facts can be viewed and grouped under the notion of allied species having descended from common stocks". Mentions books and papers for and against species mutability. CD believes past absurd ideas arose from no one’s having approached subject on side of variation under domestication.

Would like to see Clarke’s paper

and would welcome visit from JDH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [10-11 Nov 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-789

To J. D. Forbes   13 [November 1844]

Summary

Mexican specimen of laminated obsidian.

Comments on Forbes’s publication comparing lava streams and glaciers. Mentions ice-action theories of a young German.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James David Forbes
Date:  13 [Nov 1844]
Classmark:  University of St Andrews Special Collections (Papers of J. D. Forbes: msdep7 – Incoming letters 1844, no.65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-790

To J. D. Hooker   [18 November 1844]

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Summary

Would like JDH to visit. Regrets he will not be fit to visit JDH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [18 Nov 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-792

To Adolf von Morlot   28 November [1844]

Summary

Mentions his Plutonic view of earth history.

Cites Lyell’s opinions on loess.

CD doubts contemporaneousness of extinct great animals with ice period.

Cites applicability of Forbes’s theory of glacier structure to structure of volcanic obsidian.

CD is falling astern in the geological race for knowledge.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Adolphe Morlot (Adolph von Morlot)
Date:  28 Nov [1844]
Classmark:  Burgerbibliothek Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-794

To J. D. Hooker   [2 December 1844]

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Summary

Instructions for JDH’s trip to Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [2 Dec 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-796

To J. D. Hooker   [4 December 1844]

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Summary

Change in train times.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [4 Dec 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-797

To William Benjamin Carpenter   6 December [1844]

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Summary

Asks WBC if he will examine a specimen of calcareous rock.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Date:  6 Dec [1844]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-797F

To J. D. Hooker   16 [December 1844]

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Summary

Thanks for botanico-geographical remarks. CD greatly appreciates JDH’s valuable generalisations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 [Dec 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-800

To William Darwin Fox   20 December [1844]

Summary

Tells of his father’s ill health.

Discusses mesmerism and Harriet Martineau’s recovery. If animals could be put into a stupor, he would be convinced. Suggests WDF have some mesmeriser attempt it with cats.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  20 Dec [1844]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 70)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-801

To J. D. Hooker   25 December [1844]

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Summary

Questions on JDH’s sketch comparing floras of Australia, New Zealand, and western S. America; wishes to know botanical relations between other southern islands. Botanico-geographical discussions and comments on books sent by JDH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Dec [1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-803

To William Benjamin Carpenter   25 December [1844]

Summary

Is obliged for the account of the structure of the Pampas specimen and its difference from specimens of the modern calcareous bed of Coquimbo in Chile. If he thinks that J. S. Bowerbank can make out the nature of the specimens, they should be shown to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Date:  25 Dec [1844]
Classmark:  Frederick Goldschlager
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-803A

To Susan Darwin   [27 November 1844?]

Summary

Sends thanks for money.

Comments on treatment prescribed by his father.

Encloses notes by John Higgins with investment advice. Discusses advisability of investing in farmland in Lincolnshire. Cites advice of Sir John Lubbock concerning purchase of land.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Date:  [27 Nov 1844?]
Classmark:  DAR 92: A9–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-833

To The Royal Geographical Society   [30 July 1844 – 1 October 1846]

Summary

Urgently needs a Spanish map of the Cordilleras of central Chile near St Jago [Santiago].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  R. Geogr. Soc.
Date:  [30 July 1844 – 1 Oct 1846]
Classmark:  Fitzwilliam Museum
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-767

To Josiah Wedgwood III   31 July 1844

Summary

Acknowledges receipt of the order for £48 4s. 8d., and offers full indemnity for the £5,000 deposited without security.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, III
Date:  31 July 1844
Classmark:  Alan Wedgwood (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-767F

To J. D. Hooker   [25 July – 29 August 1844]

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Summary

Encloses Ehrenberg letter, Galapagos seaweed, and specimens of Conferva.

H. Denny would like specimens of Antarctic Pediculi.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [25 July–29 Aug 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-768

To Adolf von Morlot   9 August [1844]

Summary

Declines to undertake to have AM’s journal published but recommends possible publishers in England.

Expresses scepticism about AM’s glacier theory. Emphasises role of floating ice instead. Mentions article by William Hopkins on movement of glaciers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Adolphe Morlot (Adolph von Morlot)
Date:  9 Aug [1844]
Classmark:  Burgerbibliothek Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-769
Document type
letter (73)
Author
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Date
1844
01 (6)
02 (5)
03 (6)
04 (2)
05 (2)
06 (8)
07 (10)
08 (4)
09 (5)
10 (6)
11 (9)
12 (10)
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