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To Charles Lyell   28 March [1859]

Summary

Has heard that CL has spoken to John Murray about publication [of Origin]. Encloses prospective title-page. Asks whether he ought to tell John Murray about unorthodoxy of the book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  28 Mar [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.163)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2437

To Charles Lyell   30 March [1859]

Summary

CD is grateful to CL for his help in arranging with Murray for publication [of Origin]. Sorry Murray objects to term "abstract" in title, but will defer to him and CL.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  30 Mar [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.164)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2439

To Charles Lyell   21 June [1859]

Summary

Discusses S. S. Haldeman’s paper ["Enumeration of the recent freshwater Mollusca", Boston J. Nat. Hist. 4 (1844): 468–84].

Centres of species origin.

Describes his corrections of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  21 June [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.165)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2470

To Charles Lyell   28 [June 1859]

Summary

Thanks CL for copy of his paper ["Structure of lavas", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 148 (1858): 703–86].

Promises him a copy of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  28 [June 1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.166)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2473

To Charles Lyell   2 September [1859]

Summary

CL’s research on flint tools.

Promises to send proof-sheets of Origin. Discusses his view of species.

Ill health of himself and his family.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  2 Sept [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.167)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2486

To Charles Lyell   20 September [1859]

Summary

Thanks CL for his favourable remarks to the Geological Section of the BAAS concerning the forthcoming publication of the Origin. Hopes CL will accept his view of species.

Comments on CL’s paper ["On the occurrence of works of human art in post-Pliocene deposits", Rep. BAAS 29 (1859): 93–5].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  20 Sept [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.169)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2492

To Charles Lyell   25 September [1859]

Summary

Discusses text of Origin.

Compares Eocene and modern climates.

Mentions Hooker’s view of his geographical [distribution] chapters.

Asks CL’s opinion of his statements on distribution during "glacial and preceding warmer periods".

Mentions chapters on geological record and embryology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  25 Sept [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.170)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2494

To Charles Lyell   30 September [1859]

Summary

Is sending off last proof-sheets of Origin.

Asks CL’s opinion of final chapter. Mentions difficulties of his argument.

Is too unwell to start for Ilkley.

Murray’s printing of 1250 copies seems too large to CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  30 Sept [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.171)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2496

To Charles Lyell   11 October [1859]

Summary

CL’s comments on Origin. Mentions corrections to last chapter suggested by CL.

Comments on lack of peculiar bird species on Madeira and Bermuda. Emphasises importance of American types in Galapagos.

Denies necessity of continued creation of primitive "Monads".

Denies need for new powers and any principle of improvement.

Discusses gradations of intellectual powers.

Adaptive inferiority and extinction of groups of species and genera.

Asserts that climate is less important than the struggle with other organisms.

Suggests an experiment involving primroses and cowslips.

The chapter on hybridisation.

Rudimentary organs.

Gives opinion of Lamarck’s work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  11 Oct [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.172)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2503

To Charles Lyell   20 October [1859]

Summary

Comments on CL’s letters.

Discusses foreign animals naturalised in Australia and elsewhere.

Affirms man’s capacity to survive in Eocene climate.

Comments on American types.

Denies necessity for "continued intervention of creative power".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  20 Oct [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.173)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2507

To Charles Lyell   25 October [1859]

Summary

Discusses P. S. Pallas’ theory of origin of domestic dog breeds. CD believes domestic dogs descended from more than one aboriginal wild species but ultimately "we believe all canine species have descended from one parent and the only question is whether the whole or only part of difference in our domestic breeds has arisen since man domesticated them".

Races of man offer great difficulty. The doctrine of Pallas and Agassiz that there are several species "does not help us" in the least.

Hopes Henry Holland will not review Origin.

CD’s and CL’s difference on "principle of improvement" and "power of adaptation" is profound. Improvement in breeds of cattle requires neither. Urges him to reread first four chapters of Origin carefully. Natural selection is not to be contrasted with "improvement": every step involves improvement in relation to the conditions of life. There is no need for a "principle" to intervene.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  25 Oct [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.174)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2510

To Charles Lyell   31 [October 1859]

Summary

Further discussion of origin of domestic dog breeds.

Effects of crossing separate races.

Comments on rate of artificial and natural selection.

The origin of pigeon breeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  31 [Oct 1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.175)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2513

To Charles Lyell   23 November [1859]

Summary

Thanks CL for his decision to accept CD’s "doctrine of modification" [in Elements of geology, 6th ed. (1865)]. Believes it "morally impossible that investigators of truth, like you and Hooker, can be wholly wrong". Does not think CL’s decision will injure his works.

Thinks CL overrates importance of multiple origin of dogs.

Mentions sending copy of Origin to Herschel. Asks CL about Herschel’s reaction.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  23 Nov [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.176)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2543

To Charles Lyell   24 [November 1859]

Summary

Sales of Origin.

Discusses revisions for second edition. Mentions possible French translation.

Views of Quatrefages [de Bréau].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  24 [Nov 1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.178)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2547

To Charles Lyell   25 [November 1859]

Summary

Discusses corrections for second edition [of Origin]. Will leave out the reference to whale and bear. Discusses pheasant crosses. Success of the book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  25 [Nov 1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.179)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2552

To Charles Lyell   [28 November 1859]

Summary

Asks how many kinds of supposed birds’ footprints were found in North American sandstone.

Making progress on second edition of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [28 Nov 1859]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (6 July 1977)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2559

To Charles Lyell   29 [November 1859]

Summary

Encloses letter from Adam Sedgwick [2548].

Mentions conversion of A. C. Ramsay.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  29 [Nov 1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.180)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2560

To Charles Lyell   2 December [1859]

Summary

Comments on note from Charles Kingsley saying CD’s theory is not opposed to a high conception of the Deity.

Mentions negative views of Origin of Sedgwick, John Crawfurd, Roderick Murchison, John Phillips, and Joseph Prestwich.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  2 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.181)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2565

To Charles Lyell   [3 December 1859]

Summary

Encloses a letter from FitzRoy to the Times.

Mentions letter from W. B. Carpenter accepting single progenitor for major animal classes.

Speculates about Richard Owen’s opinion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [3 Dec 1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.182)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2567

To Charles Lyell   [10 December 1859]

Summary

Discuss CL’s suggestions for revisions to the chapter on the geological record [Origin, ch. 9].

Henry Holland’s reaction to the book.

Comments on CL’s work on flint tools of early men.

Describes at length a conversation with Owen concerning Origin. Notes "that at bottom he goes immense way with us", but emphasises Owen’s unfriendly manner. Remarks that Owen accepted a relationship between bears and whales. "By Jove I believe he thinks a sort of Bear was the grandpapa of Whales!"

Has heard Herschel considered his book "the law of higgledy-piggledy".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [10 Dec 1859]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.184)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2575
Document type
letter (23)
Author
Addressee
Lyell, Charles[X]
Correspondent
Darwin, C. R. (23)
Lyell, Charles[X]
Date
1859
03 (2)
06 (2)
09 (4)
10 (4)
11 (5)
12 (6)
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