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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Julius von Haast   [c. 11 February 1877]


The extract from Ticknor [see 10722] is one of the most curious cases of inheritance CD has met with. He has sent it to Francis Galton as CD is not likely to write on inheritance again.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Francis Julius (Julius) von Haast
Date:  [c. 11 Feb 1877]
Classmark:  Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand (MS-Papers-0037-051)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10756

From Karl Beger   [12 February 1877]


Intends to name his son after CD.

Author:  Friedrich Theodor Karl (Karl) Beger
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Feb 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 201: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10824

From Thomas Palmer   February 1877


Reports on expression in his Pomeranian dog.

Author:  Thomas Palmer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 174: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10825

From Emil Rade   [before 16] February 1877


Sends album of photographs of German scientists as birthday honour.

Author:  Emil Rade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 16] Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 29 (EH 88206080)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10826

To J. W. Judd   [after 1 February 1877]


Tells of his pleasure and surprise at reading JWJ’s article ["Darwin’s ""Geological observations"" ", Nature 15 (1877): 289–90].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Wesley Judd
Date:  [after 1 Feb 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10828

To H. W. Bates   6 February [1877]


Requests return of August Weismann’s letter which refers to eggs.

Curious about the drawing [of the caterpillar? See 10780].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  6 Feb [1877]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10829

From Asa Gray   6 February 1877


Sends specimen of Gilia aggregata and will try to get Phlox subulata.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 165: 193
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10830

From A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J. Veth   6 February 1877


A letter from CD’s admirers in the Netherlands, sent with an album of their photographs, in celebration of his sixty-eighth birthday.

Presents an account of early efforts in the Netherlands in the direction of developmental theories, and evidence of the support and enthusiastic reception given CD’s theory.

Author:  Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen; Huibert Johannes Veth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Feb 1877
Classmark:  English Heritage, Down House (EH 88202653)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10831

From D. T. Fish   7 February 1877


Sends holly specimens. Differences in flowering times of various hollies.

Author:  David Taylor Fish
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 164: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10834

To H. N. Moseley   7 February 1877


Would like to see the photographs.

Was glad to read HNM’s paper on the New Zealand Peripatus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Nottidge Moseley
Date:  7 Feb 1877
Classmark:  Christie’s, London (dealers) (online 31 October – 8 November 2018, lot 9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10834F

From Ernst Haeckel   9 February 1877


Sends birthday wishes. Album of photographs from German admirers has been sent.

Plans trip to Mediterranean.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 166: 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10835

To T. M. Reade   9 February 1877


Comments on TMR’s essay ["Geological time"].

It is monstrous that P. G. Tait should say that earth is less than ten million years old.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Mellard Reade
Date:  9 Feb 1877
Classmark:  University of Liverpool Library (TMR1.D.7.2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10836

From Asa Gray   10 February 1877


Sends specimens of two forms of Rhamnus lanceolata.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 109: A84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10837

From Hugo Schneider   10 February 1877


Sends birthday greetings. Asks for autographed photograph.

Author:  Hugo Schneider
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 177: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10838

To Francis Galton   11 February [1877]


Sends enclosure regarding inherited handwriting from Life, letters, and journals of George Ticknor [ed. G. S. Hillard (1876)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Galton
Date:  11 Feb [1877]
Classmark:  UCL Library Services, Special Collections (GALTON/1/1/9/5/7/24)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10839

To A. A. van Bemmelen   12 February 1877


Expresses his gratitude for the gift [a birthday album from a number of Dutch scientists]; he cannot imagine a more honourable testimonial.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen
Date:  12 Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 202: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10841

From Berliner Gesellschaft für Anthropologie, Ethnologie und Urgeschichte   12 February 1877


CD made a corresponding member of the Berliner Gesellschaft für Anthropologie, Ethnologie und Urgeschichte.

Author:  Berliner Gesellschaft für Anthropologie, Ethnologie und Urgeschichte
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 230: 47
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10841A

To Alpheus Hyatt   13 February 1877


Regrets that F. Hilgendorf proved so greatly in error ["Planorbis Multiformis", Monatsber. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin (1866): 474–504; "Noch einmal Planorbis Multiformis", Z. Dtsch. Geol. Ges. 29 (1877): 50–62].

Discusses polymorphic species.

Surprised that shell form developed from various different progenitors.

Reminds CD of C. Nägeli’s conclusions on Hieracium.

But still retains belief expressed in first edition of Origin that variation in protean species is neither advantageous nor disadvantageous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alpheus Hyatt
Date:  13 Feb 1877
Classmark:  Maryland Historical Society (Alpheus Hyatt Papers MS 1007)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10842

To Karl von Scherzer   13 February 1877


Has read a large part of the Novara voyage [Narrative of the circumnavigation of the globe by the Austrian frigate "Novara" (1861–3)] with pleasure. CD was particularly interested in the scandalous French behaviour at Tahiti.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl von Scherzer
Date:  13 Feb 1877
Classmark:  University of Chicago Library, Special Collections Research Center (Joseph Halle Schaffner collection, box 1, folder 2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10843

From Lawson Tait   14 February 1877


Sends another extract [from Diseases of women (1877)].

Has reviewed Cross and self-fertilisation in the Spectator.

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 178: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10844
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List of correspondents


Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … Émile (8) Alice (2) Alison, R. E. …
  • … (1) Allen, Thomas (2) Allman, G. J. …
  • … (1) Appleton, C. E. C. B. (2) Appleton, T. G. …
  • … (5) Austin, A. D. (2) Austin, C. F. …
  • … (7) Axon, W. E. A. (2) Aylmer, I. E. …
  • … (3) Baldwin, J. D. (2) Balfour, F. M. …
  • … (1) Baranoff, W. (2) Barber, M. E. …
  • … (1) Barnard, Anne (2) Barnes, K. S. …
  • … (1) Barrois, J. H. (2) Bartlett, A. D. …
  • … (1) Batalin, A. F. (2) Bate, C. S. …
  • … (1) Bates, Frederick (2) Bates, H. W. …
  • … (1) Baumhauer, E. H. von (2) Baxter, E. B. …
  • … (3) Beale, L. S. (2) Beall, T. B. (1 …
  • … B. (1) Beck, John (2) Becker, L. E. …
  • … (3) Beger, Karl (2) Behrens, Frederick …
  • … (1) Bell, Robert (b) (2) Bell, Thomas …

Darwin The Collector


Look at nature more closely and create and record your own natural collections.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities provide an introduction to Charles Darwin, how and why he collected so many specimens …

Detecting Darwin


Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …

Darwin’s reading notebooks


In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Stoke’s Library 1 Cambridge. Library 2 Royal Coll of Surgeons [DAR *119 …
  • … de l’Homme,” by Dr. Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4   …
  • … 1829]; read Letter to M. Therry [Broughton 1832]— a 2 d  Edit preparing in 1841.— Lesson …
  • … of habits of birds. Temminck Manuel D’ornithologie. 2 d  Edit: Introduction on migration of …
  • … Ker Porter’s Travels in Caucasus [R. K. Porter 1821–2] praised by Silliman poor Cyclop. of …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions


For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … edition published, 1872   1 st to 2 nd editions I have …
  • … the voids caused by the action of His laws.” ( Origin 2d ed, p. 481).   2 nd …
  • … to a letter to Asa Gray he had yet to start it on 28 January, but on 2 February 1860 he told …
  • … “Origin” for the first time, for I am correcting for a 2 nd . French Edition; & upon my life, …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species


Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … nor was it recorded in Darwin's ‘Journal’. Chapter 2 is not extant but was recorded in Darwin& …
  • … [1] (not extant) 2 13 October 1856 …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick


Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to Darwin, how did language begin? 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? And …
  • … sense, a more developed moral sense, and so forth. 2. Was this an important topic for Darwin? …

Darwin And Evolution


What is evolution? What did Darwin discover and how did he come to his conclusions?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities give an introduction to Charles Darwin and his theories of evolution. Specimens brought …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage


Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots


Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … his wife sent birthday greetings and a photograph of their 2-year-old son named Darwin, who, they …
  • … materialism”’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 2 June 1879 ]). As one of Darwin’s most ardent …
  • … other than Darwin’s sister Caroline (who was around 2 years old at the time of Erasmus’s death). …
  • … that plants were ‘mere machines’, reminding Francis on 2 June that he had long thought that …
  • … for certain movements’ ( second letter to Francis Darwin, 2 July [1879] ). Sachs guarded …
  • … for” &c are incessant’, Darwin joked on 2 July (first letter) . Much of the time, however, …
  • … their ‘tremendous journey’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [2 August 1879] ). The journey proved more …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments


The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … to me. So the world goes.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 2 February [1865] ). However, Hooker, at the …
  • … idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not until 25 …
  • … abstract of the paper was read before the Linnean Society on 2 February, and in April Darwin wrote …
  • … 1867), and Darwin summarised them in  Variation  2: 106–7, concluding, ‘it follows from Mr. Scott …
  • … and professional seniority ( see letter from J. D. Hooker, [2 June 1865] ); but Darwin’s feelings …
  • … in healing this ugly breach’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [2 June 1865] ), Darwin seems to have …
  • … of weather-forecasting ( see letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 May 1865 and nn. 2 and 5), and he may …

Home learning: 7-11 years


Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 1 hits

  • … More Detecting Darwin activities 2 Learn about Darwin and the Beagle …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep


In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … in plants , pp. 112–13). He explained to Francis on 2 July : ‘I go on maundering about the …
  • … tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘& work by myself will be …
  • … [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong horizontal axis about 2 feet long which goes round by clockwork …
  • … animal instinct and intelligence. ‘Frank’s son, nearly 2 years old (& we think much of his …
  • … more expertly. ‘I conclude that a child—just under 2 years is inferior in intellect to a monkey.’ …
  • … & a baby in your house!’ ( letter to G. J. Romanes, 2 September [1878] ). More …
  • … seems to me quite ridiculous’ ( letter to John Price, 2 April [1878] ). When a wealthy businessman …
  • … was ‘deeply gratified’, remarking to Skertchly on 2 March : ‘It is the greatest possible …
  • … that such checks had been in action during the last 2 or 3 centuries, or even for a shorter time in …

Satire of FitzRoy's Narrative of the Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle, by John Clunies Ross. Transcription by Katharine Anderson


[f.146r Title page] Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle Supplement / to the 2nd 3rd and Appendix Volumes of the First / Edition Written / for and in the name of the Author of those / Volumes By J.C. Ross. / Sometime Master of a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the Adventure and Beagle Supplement / to the 2 nd 3 rd and Appendix Volumes of …
  • … many Kentledge pigs – and almost as heavy – limited the 2 nd to 700 pages of easily readable type …
  • … for commanding under it an H.C. Cruizer [ vf.147v p.2 ] of considerably greater tonnage – and …
  • … making a quick passage to the Southward. In the 2 nd that the expression “sailed from …
  • … in singing ^of^ jovial sea songs even on Wednesdays *[2] [ f.158r p.23 ] instead of the …

Interview with Emily Ballou


Emily Ballou is a writer of novels and screenplays, and a prize-winning poet. Her book The Darwin Poems, which explores aspects of Darwin’s life and thoughts through the medium of poetry, was recently published by the University of Western Australia Press.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … some of these poems today, and? 2. The idea of writing about Darwin …

Interview with Tim Lewens


Dr Tim Lewens is a Lecturer in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of Organisms and artifacts (2004), which examines the language and arguments for design in biology and philosophy, and of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you for the flattering introduction. 2. The unusual role Darwin plays today …

Interview with Pietro Corsi


Pietro Corsi is Professor of the History of Science at the University of Oxford. His book Evolution Before Darwin is due to be published in 2010 by Oxford University Press. Date of interview: 17 July 2009 Transcription 1: Introduction …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … surrounding evolutionary theories. 2. The situation in France …

Interview with John Hedley Brooke


John Hedley Brooke is President of the Science and Religion Forum as well as the author of the influential Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 1991). He has had a long career in the history of science and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Paul. It’s a very great pleasure. 2. Victorian spiritualism and the …

Interview with Randal Keynes


Randal Keynes is a great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin, and the author of Annie’s Box (Fourth Estate, 2001), which discusses Darwin’s home life, his relationship with his wife and children, and the ways in which these influenced his feelings about…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … which came to my mind as I read his book. 2. Darwin's influences …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions


Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …
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