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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To T. H. Huxley   [1860–70?]

Summary

Thanks THH for the delightful evening he gave Frank [Darwin].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [1860–70?]
Classmark:  Janet Huxley (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13817

From Aleksander Jelski   [1860 or later]

Summary

AJ, a collector, would like a few lines from CD and an autographed photograph.

Author:  Aleksander Jelski
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1860 or later]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13848

To ?   [1860 or later?]

Summary

Is "almost certain" plant is Menispermum canadense.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860 or later?]
Classmark:  Glenbow Museum
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13875

To ?   [1860 or later?]

Summary

CD’s health remains bad and as he grows older he becomes weaker.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860 or later]
Classmark:  Wellcome Collection (MS.7781/1–32)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13876

From Robert Scot Skirving   [1860?]

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Summary

Tells of shooting wood-pigeons that had in their crops acorns that did not grow locally.

[Fragment of letter glued to 2197.]

Author:  Robert Scot Skirving
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1860?]
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 250a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2196

From R. S. Skirving   [1860?]

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Summary

Pigeons in Egypt alight on trees rather than on the mud hovels of the natives [see Variation 1: 181].

[Two fragments glued to 2196.]

Author:  Robert Scot Skirving
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1860?]
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 250b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2197

From Hensleigh Wedgwood   [January? 1860]

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Summary

Prepared to think world infinitely old, but not that life originated with a single cell. Questions whether geological evidence supports gradual progress in organisation. HW thought scientific opinion during Vestiges debate was against this hypothesis. Argues that presence of same senses in lower animals and vertebrates does not imply descent; assumes resemblance is due to living in same world and thus having organs for the same purposes. Wants CD to know how others may see these questions.

Author:  Hensleigh Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Jan? 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 48: 83–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2389

To John Murray   30 [January 1860]

Summary

Suggests it would be easier and cheaper if he were given one or two pages in preface [to Journal of researches] for two or three important errors. Would like to take out one sentence if present preface is not stereotyped. Table of contents is shabby.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  30 [Jan 1860]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.92–93)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2616

From Bernard Peirce Brent   [1860?]

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Summary

Habits of ducks when sleeping on water.

Author:  Bernard Peirce Brent
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1860?]
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 217
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2624

To ?   [1860 or later]

Summary

Asserts that if his views [in the Origin] are in the main right, palaeontology does not give a fair picture of the forms that have peopled the earth, and [fossil] collections are a mere chance gathering of a few forms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860 or later]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2625

From Asa Gray   [10 January 1860]

Summary

Agassiz denounces Origin as "atheistical";

AG is currently reviewing it [in Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 29 (1860): 153–84].

Jeffries Wyman praises it, though not a convert.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10 Jan 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 26a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2631

To John Murray   [25 January 1860]

Summary

CD asks how soon JM will go to press with Journal [of researches]; thinks he had better look it over to see if progress of science has made any correction necessary.

P.S. Asa Gray has written that Origin has caused great excitement in U. S. Agassiz has denounced it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [25 Jan 1860]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.64–67)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2632

To Thomas Henry Huxley   1 January [1860]

Summary

Will keep THH’s secret [of authorship of Times review of Origin]. It has made deep impression.

J. D. Dana’s illness.

Daily News accuses him of plagiarising Vestiges.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  1 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives ( Huxley 5: 94)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2633

To John Hawkshaw?   1 January [1860]

Summary

Returning Thomas George Bonney’s certificate, which it was a pleasure to sign.

Delighted that JH is interested in his book [Origin?]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Hawkshaw
Date:  1 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Dominic Winter Auctioneers (dealers) (10 April 2019, lot 139), Geological Society of London (Membership certificates, 1860, p. 116)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2633F

From William Whewell   2 January 1860

Summary

Thanks CD for the Origin. WW is not yet a convert but there is so much "of thought and of fact" in what CD has written that "it is not to be contradicted without careful selection of the ground and manner of the dissent".

Author:  William Whewell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1860
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2634

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   3 January [1860]

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Summary

High praise and detailed comments on JDH’s introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae, which CD has now finished reading.

Disagrees on power of transoceanic migration. Advocates glacial transport of plants.

CD’s response to reviews of Origin in Saturday Review [8 (1859): 775–6] and John Lindley’s in Gardeners’ Chronicle [but see 2651].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2635

From Hewett Cottrell Watson   [3? January 1860]

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Summary

Notes by HCW on the Origin dealing especially with divergence and convergence. Believes there is some natural tendency to converge into groups in opposition to divergence generated by natural selection.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3? Jan 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 47: 135–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2636

To Charles Lyell   4 [January 1860]

Summary

Praises CL’s work on human species.

A critical review of Origin in Saturday Review [24 Dec 1859].

A letter from J. G. Jeffreys criticises CD’s geological statements.

A note from William Whewell concerning Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  4 [Jan 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.190)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2637

From Leonard Jenyns   4 January 1860

Summary

Has read Origin and considers it one of the most valuable contributions to present-day natural history. Believes, however, that there are difficulties in the extensive generalisation that all taxonomic groups are related by descent. Does not understand how Genesis is to be read unless at least the human species was created independently of other animals. Cannot bring himself to the idea that man’s reasoning and moral sense could have been obtained from "irrational progenitors": the "Divine Image" is the unsurmountable distinction between man and brutes. [See 2644.]

Author:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Jan 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal V, pp. 95–103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2637A

To J. T. Smith   4 January 1860

Summary

Remembers reading Smith’s memoir in Geological Transactions on the anomalous nature of Ventriuculidae. Asks for a copy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joshua Toulmin Smith
Date:  4 Jan 1860
Classmark:  Indiana University, The Lilly Library (Sieveking mss)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2637F
Document type
letter (58)
Date
1860
01
01 (12)
02 (1)
03 (2)
04 (3)
05 (2)
06 (3)
07 (2)
09 (1)
10 (2)
11 (1)
12 (1)
14 (3)
15 (2)
16 (2)
18 (2)
20 (2)
21 (2)
22 (1)
23 (3)
25 (1)
26 (1)
27 (1)
28 (2)
29 (3)
30 (2)
31 (1)
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List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … "A child of God" (1) Abberley, John (1) …
  • … (2) Aitken, Thomas (1) Albano, Louisa …
  • … (2) Allen, Frances (1) Allen, Grant …
  • … (4) Althaus, Julius (1) Ambrose, J. L. …

Darwin The Collector

Summary

Look at nature more closely and create and record your own natural collections.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities provide an introduction to Charles Darwin, how and why he collected so many specimens …

Detecting Darwin

Summary

Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …

1 Belgrave Street, London

Summary

Marriages and gossip

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A family friend relates news of her marriage and other gossip. …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the answers from the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language …
  • … after his death? Transcription 1. According to Darwin, how did language …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sono; Chè quanto io posso dar, tutto vi dono.” 1 To the master of …
  • … sono; Chè quanto io posso dar, tutto vi dono”. 1 —§—   …
  • … still it shines bright! 1. Non che poco io dia, da imputar sono; …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the chapters ( Natural selection ) are also given. Chapter 1 is not extant nor was it recorded in …
  • … title and references 1 [Not known] …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 0 hits

Darwin And Evolution

Summary

What is evolution? What did Darwin discover and how did he come to his conclusions?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities give an introduction to Charles Darwin and his theories of evolution. Specimens brought …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage

Summary

Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Home learning: 7-11 years

Summary

Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 0 hits

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Re: Design – performance version – 25 March 2007 – 1 Re: Design – Adaptation of the …
  • … predominantly read the words of the following: Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles …
  • … JANE GRAY: [Jane Loring Gray’s journal. Harvard. November 1887]  1   Dr Gray went in to Boston …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … in the London daily newspaper the Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. …
  • … for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Annual Report, 1864, p. 32; Animal World , 1 February …
  • … from Emma Darwin to William Erasmus Darwin, [2 September 1863] (DAR 219.1: 77), and Correspondence …

Origin: the lost changes for the second German edition

Summary

Darwin sent a list of changes made uniquely to the second German edition of Origin to its translator, Heinrich Georg Bronn.  That lost list is recreated here.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … line number.     Page xiv, par. 1, line 1, insert before ‘Geoffroy’: 1   …
  • … on the modification of species.    Page xix, par. 1, line 2, insert after ‘and clearness.’: …

Interview with Tim Lewens

Summary

Dr Tim Lewens is a Lecturer in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of Organisms and artifacts (2004), which examines the language and arguments for design in biology and philosophy, and of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Transcription 1. Introduction Dr White: This is part …

Interview with Emily Ballou

Summary

Emily Ballou is a writer of novels and screenplays, and a prize-winning poet. Her book The Darwin Poems, which explores aspects of Darwin’s life and thoughts through the medium of poetry, was recently published by the University of Western Australia Press.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Date of interview: 28 May 2009 Transcription 1. Introduction Dr …

Interview with Pietro Corsi

Summary

Pietro Corsi is Professor of the History of Science at the University of Oxford. His book Evolution Before Darwin is due to be published in 2010 by Oxford University Press. Date of interview: 17 July 2009 Transcription 1: Introduction …

Matches: 0 hits

Interview with John Hedley Brooke

Summary

John Hedley Brooke is President of the Science and Religion Forum as well as the author of the influential Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 1991). He has had a long career in the history of science and…

Matches: 0 hits

Interview with Randal Keynes

Summary

Randal Keynes is a great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin, and the author of Annie’s Box (Fourth Estate, 2001), which discusses Darwin’s home life, his relationship with his wife and children, and the ways in which these influenced his feelings about…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of interview: 7 August 2008 Transcription 1. Introduction Dr White: …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …
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