skip to content

Darwin Correspondence Project

Search: contains ""

Darwin Correspondence Project
1836 in date [X]
1836 in date [X]
46 Items
Sorted by:  
Page: 1 2 3  Next

From C. D. Douglas   5 January 1836


Reports in detail on the 20 Feb 1835 earthquake and on volcanic activity into December of 1835. Encloses a letter sent to him describing the earthquake.

Author:  Charles D. Douglas
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Jan 1836
Classmark:  DAR 39.1: 5–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-292

To Philip Parker King   [21 January 1836]


CD informs PPK of his impending arrival at Dunheved, Penrith; news of his journey thus far.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Phillip Parker King
Date:  [21 Jan 1836]
Classmark:  Bathurst District Historical Society
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-293

To Susan Darwin   28 January 1836


CD’s impressions of Sydney and of FitzRoy’s character and temperament.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Date:  28 Jan 1836
Classmark:  DAR 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-294

To J. S. Henslow   [28–9] January 1836


His joy at prospect of journey’s end in eight months’ time.

Observations on Australia.

Reports on his collecting in Galapagos – its flora and very curious birds; its instructive geology.

Tahiti and good work of missionaries.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  [28–9] Jan 1836
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Henslow letters 29 DAR/1/1/29)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-295

From Catherine Darwin   29 January 1836


They have been reading about the wreck of the Challenger; much impressed by Capt. FitzRoy’s bravery.

The W. D. Foxes have a daughter. Family news.

Author:  Emily Catherine (Catherine) Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Jan 1836
Classmark:  DAR 97 (ser. 2): 28–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-296

From Susan Darwin   12 February 1836


CD’s 27th birthday. News of family and friends. A niece, Mary Susan Parker, born 31 January.

Author:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Feb 1836
Classmark:  DAR 97(ser. 2): 30–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-297

To Catherine Darwin   14 February 1836


All prefer Hobart Town and its society to Sydney. CD’s view on emigration to colonies. All on board are homesick.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emily Catherine (Catherine) Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton
Date:  14 Feb 1836
Classmark:  DAR 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-298

To W. D. Fox   15 February 1836


Finds the voyage tedious at present.

Expects that the different scientific societies will be of the greatest use to his work in London when he returns home.

Gives some impressions of Australia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  15 Feb 1836
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 48)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-299

From Caroline Darwin   28 March 1836


News of friends and family.

Author:  Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Darwin; Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Mar 1836
Classmark:  DAR 97 (ser. 2): 32–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-300

To Caroline Darwin   29 April 1836


Keeling Islands, his first coral lagoons; he has been occupied with subject of coral formation for six months.

Very busy at sea rewriting old geological notes. Has difficulties with writing.

FitzRoy has proposed joint account of the journey, combining CD’s journal with his own.

Looks forward with anxiety to Henslow’s reaction to the geological notes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Darwin; Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Wedgwood
Date:  29 Apr 1836
Classmark:  DAR 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-301

To Catherine Darwin   3 June 1836


Will call on Sir J. Herschel, then take short trip in the African desert.

Horrified at the publication of "the little book of extracts" from his letters to Henslow ["Letters to Professor Henslow" (1835), Collected papers 1: 3–16].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emily Catherine (Catherine) Darwin; Emily Catherine (Catherine) Langton
Date:  3 June 1836
Classmark:  DAR 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-302

To South African Christian Recorder   28 June 1836


A defence of the work of missionaries in the Pacific islands and Australia. [The letter was apparently written by RF with supporting evidence quoted from CD’s journal. The letter is signed by RF alone. A summary conclusion, as printed, is signed by both:] "On the whole, balancing all that we have heard, and all that we ourselves have seen concerning the missionaries in the Pacific, we are very much satisfied that they thoroughly deserve the warmest support, not only of individuals, but of the British Government."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Robert FitzRoy
Addressee:  South African Christian Recorder
Date:  28 June 1836
Classmark:  South African Christian Recorder 2(1836): 238 Reprint in Darwin Library—CUL: ‘Philosophical tracts’
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-303

To J. S. Henslow   9 July 1836


Asks JSH to propose him for Geological Society. His meeting with Sir John Herschel and Andrew Smith at Cape of Good Hope.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  9 July 1836
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Henslow letters: 30 DAR/1/1/30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-304

To Caroline Darwin   18 July 1836


In five days of geologising on St Helena, he found that the shells on high land had been mistakenly identified as seashells. They are land shells, but of species no longer living.

Can think of nothing but the return to England and his family.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Darwin; Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Wedgwood
Date:  18 July 1836
Classmark:  DAR 223: 36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-305

To Susan Darwin   4 August [1836]


Beagle is again in Brazil because of need to check on "singular disagreements in the Longitudes".

Pleased by Sedgwick’s praise.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Susan Elizabeth Darwin
Date:  4 Aug [1836]
Classmark:  DAR 223: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-306

To Josiah Wedgwood II   [5 October 1836]



Happily home, he sends thanks to his "first Lord of the Admiralty". Will visit Maer in two or three weeks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, II
Date:  [5 Oct 1836]
Classmark:  DAR 185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-307

Caroline Darwin to Sarah Elizabeth (Elizabeth) Wedgwood   [5 October 1836]



CD has come home – little altered in looks and otherwise not a bit changed. He will go to London to be there when Beagle arrives, and he and Caroline will visit Maer soon.

Author:  Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Darwin; Caroline Sarah (Caroline) Wedgwood
Addressee:  Sarah Elizabeth (Elizabeth) Wedgwood
Date:  [5 Oct 1836]
Classmark:  DAR 185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-308

From William Owen Sr   5 October [1836]


Welcomes CD home; urges him to come to Woodhouse.

Author:  William Owen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Oct [1836]
Classmark:  DAR 204: 138
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-309

To Robert FitzRoy   6 October [1836]


CD describes his happy home-coming. Finds his family and Shrewsbury unchanged.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert FitzRoy
Date:  6 Oct [1836]
Classmark:  Copy
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-310

To J. S. Henslow   6 October [1836]


His joy at being home. Anxious to see JSH for advice on his geological specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  6 Oct [1836]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Henslow letters: 31 DAR/1/1/31)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-311
Document type
letter (46)
01 (5)
02 (3)
03 (1)
04 (1)
06 (2)
07 (2)
08 (1)
10 (11)
11 (7)
12 (13)
Page: 1 2 3  Next
in keywords
54 Items
Page:  1 2 3  Next

Syms Covington


When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle voyage in 1831, Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington kept an illustrated journal of his observations and experiences on the voyage, noting wildlife, landscapes, buildings and people and,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … back to England. On the  Beagle ’s return to England in 1836, Darwin kept Covington in his employ, …
  • … Phillip Parker King (whom  Darwin had met in Australia in 1836 ). Covington was working as a clerk …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters


On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Beagle letters (e.g. letter to Caroline Darwin, 29 April 1836 ) to the more considered and …

Women’s scientific participation


Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … admitted to Linnean Society. Men: Letter 1836  - Berkeley, M. J. to Darwin, …
  • … the “best authority” on the subject. Letter 1836  - Berkeley, M. J. to Darwin, [7 …

John Maurice Herbert


John Maurice Herbert was a close friend of Darwin’s at Cambridge University. He was affectionately called ‘Cherbury’ by Darwin, a reference to the seventeenth-century philosopher Edward Herbert, Baron Cherbury, who, like John Herbert, hailed from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … no effect. ’ Darwin and Herbert spent Christmas 1836 together in Cambridge , indulging their …

Darwin’s reading notebooks


In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … Hist. [Jenyns 1838] Prichard; a 3 d . vol [Prichard 1836–47] Lawrence [W. Lawrence 1819] …
  • … 1829] Prostitution of Paris [Parent-Duchâtelet 1836]. about licentiousness destroying their …
  • … has pub. in 1 st  vol of Annals of Vienna [Endlicher 1836]. sketch of S. sea Botany R. …
  • … Col. le Couteur has written on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d …
  • … [?Heisch 1842] Coleridge. Literary Remains [Coleridge 1836–9] Inconsistency of Human …
  • … and Duméril 1821] Encyclop of Anat & Phys [Todd ed. 1836–59] [DAR *119: 14] …
  • … 36s.— Wiegmann. Archif fur Naturgeschicte. 33  1836. Meyen on distrib of plants in …
  • … race-horse during past & present century. Hookham” [Anon. 1836]: worth looking at. Low has …
  • … Königlichen Akad: der Wissen: Aus dem Jahre 1834.— Berlin 1836.— “Vergleich: Anat der Myxinoiden”. …
  • … (Read) Buckland Bridgewater Treatise [Buckland 1836] [DAR *119: 19v.] …
  • … Cattle, &c.) [Jardine 1835–6] 15. Parrots [Selby 1836]. 26. Honey Bees [Jardine ed …
  • … Life of L d . Clive. by Malcolm [Malcolm 1836] H. Dixon Life of Pen [W. H. Dixon 1851].— …
  • … Sir J. Sebright’s Pamphlets [Sebright 1809 and 1836]— } not abstracted …
  • … [DAR 119: 4a] Lessings Laocoon [Lessing 1836] Whewell inductive History [Whewell …
  • … 1835] Mackintosh’s Ethical Philosophy [Mackintosh 1836] Bell on the Hand [C. Bell 1833 …
  • … Sept. 25 th . Prichard. Physical Researches [Prichard 1836–47]. Volumes II with references at end …
  • … [Bell 1806]. Bucklands Bridgewater Treatise [Buckland 1836] Read half through Swedish …
  • … Cyprinidae from the vol 19. Asiatic Researches [McClelland 1836].— References at end.—— …
  • … 1823] & first 2 d 71  vol of Wordsworth [Wordsworth 1836–7] 26 th . Carlyle. Hero …
  • … prolix —— 3 d  vol of Wordsworth [Wordsworth 1836–7]. Giaour [Byron 1813] —— Some …
  • … —— Col. le-Couteur on Wheat [Le Couteur 1836]. marked.— 25 Youatt on Sheep [Youatt 1837] d …
  • … & Letters [Shelley 1840].— Some Wordsworth [Wordsworth 1836–7]. —— Part of Waltons lives …
  • … Mahons Hist. Peace of Utrecht to La Chapelle [Stanhope 1836–54] III Vols. —— 17 th  Laing …
  • … 1842] —— Finished Wordsworth 6 vols. [Wordsworth 1836–7] [DAR 119: 12a] …
  • … [Drury 1729] —— 20 Astoria.— by Irving [Irving 1836]   1844 Jan 7 th …
  • … Lay 1839] —— B. Hall’s Schloss Hainfell [Hall 1836]. April 26 th : Martin Chuzzlewit …
  • … Yarrell does not compare British with N. American [Yarrell 1836].— March I. G. St. Hilaire …
  • … 1844] Jan 5 th . L d . Mahon History [Stanhope 1836–54] IV vol: 14 Thaleba by …

Darwin & coral reefs


The central idea of Darwin's theory of coral reef formation, as it was later formulated, was that the islands were formed by the upward growth of coral as the Pacific Ocean floor gradually subsided. It overturned previous ideas and would in itself…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … by a letter to his sister Caroline, written on 29 April 1836 during the  Beagle  stop at Mauritius …
  • … succinct statement of his theory: 12th. [April 1836] In the morning we stood out of the …
  • … formation to be a ‘monstrous hypothesis’:  29 April 1836 . Darwin exclaims that it …

Robert FitzRoy


Robert FitzRoy was captain of HMS Beagle when Darwin was aboard. From 1831 to 1836 the two men lived in the closest proximity, their relationship revealed by the letters they exchanged while Darwin left the ship to explore the countries visited during the…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … of HMS Beagle when Darwin was aboard. From 1831 to 1836 the two men lived in the closest …
  • … FitzRoy, who commanded the Beagle from 1828 to 1836 during two surveying voyages to the southern …
  • … When the Beagle docked at Falmouth on 2 October 1836, two years later than originally planned, …
  • … !!!!!!! ’. He wed his long-term fiancée in December 1836—‘ a most inconvenient time to marry ’, …
  • … but adamant in the importance of missionary work.  In 1836, Darwin joined with FitzRoy in …
  • … Instead, after marrying the pious Mary O’Brien in 1836, and publishing the account of the Beagle …
  • … will be his end,’ Darwin wrote about FitzRoy in January 1836, ‘ under many circumstances I am sure, …
  • … Anderson, ed., Narrative of the Beagle voyage, 1831-1836 , 4 vols. London: Pickering & Chatto …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage


Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and the five years of the voyage of H.M.S.  Beagle . In 1836, the twenty-seven-year-old traveller …
  • … society When Darwin returned to England in October 1836 it was with the firm intention of …
  • … in the ornithological notes written during the summer of 1836, when, homeward bound, he was …
  • … ‘Ornithological notes’ p. 262). In the winter of 1836 the question of the stability of …

Journal of researches


Within two months of the Beagle’s arrival back in England in October 1836, Darwin, although busy with distributing his specimens among specialists for description, and more interested in working on his geological research, turned his mind to the task of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Ships Adventure and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836, describing their examination of the …
  • … months of the Beagle’s arrival back in England in October 1836, Darwin, although busy with …
  • … quite difficult to stop to criticize ’. By the end of 1836, the matter of whether Darwin’s journal …

Introduction to the Satire of FitzRoy's Narrative of the Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle


'a humble toadyish follower…': Not all pictures of Darwin during the Beagle voyage are flattering.  Published here for the first time is a complete transcript of a satirical account of the Beagle’s brief visit in 1836 to the Cocos Keeling islands…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of a satirical account of the Beagle ’s brief visit in 1836 to the Cocos Keeling islands, the …
  • … century, the circumnavigation of HMS Beagle in 1831 to 1836. Our other substantial accounts of …
  • … the end of that Beagle voyage, over twelve days in April 1836 before the Beagle headed home via …
  • … Beagle , titled Proceedings of the Second Expedition 1831-1836 . It was accompanied by an …
  • … before replacing Beechey as commander of HMS Sulphur in 1836. In Sulphur , he spent nearly …
  • … Leisk was present when the Beagle visited the islands in 1836, and FitzRoy baptized the Leisk …
  • … from a British ship that stopped at Cocos- Keeling in early 1836 en route from China to London; …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications


This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN, during the years 1832 to 1836 . By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, …
  • … the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN, during the years 1832 to 1836.  By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, …
  • … the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN, during the years 1832 to 1836.  By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, …

Books on the Beagle


The Beagle was a sort of floating library.  Find out what Darwin and his shipmates read here.

Matches: 8 hits

  • … , p. 196). In another field notebook, at Cape Town in May 1836, he lists, probably with the …
  • … some of his idiosyncratic spelling during the summer of 1836 (Sulloway 1982b, pp. 331–2, n. 13). …
  • … letter to the South African Christian Recorder, 28 June 1836, Collected papers  1: 20). ‡ …
  • … ‘Charles Darwin Esq from the Author Dunheved Jan 26 1836’). ‘Philosophical tracts’, Darwin Library …
  • … letter to the  South African Christian Recorder , 28 June 1836,  Collected papers  1: 20). …
  • … letter to the  South African Christian Recorder , 28 June 1836,  Collected papers  1: 28). …
  • … letter to the  South African Christian Recorder , 28 June 1836,  Collected papers  1: 26). …
  • … letter to the  South African Christian Recorder , 28 June 1836,  Collected papers  1: 22–3). …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'


The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Henslow 1837a and 1838; W. J. Hooker and G. A. W. Arnott 1836, 1841; J. D. Hooker 1844–7, 1845, 1846 …
  • … to the views of his master. Their correspondence began in 1836 and from the start Lyell accepted …

Charles Thomas Whitley


Born in Liverpool in 1808, Charles Thomas Whitley, like Darwin, attended Shrewsbury School and then Cambridge University where they were clearly very close, exchanging letters during the summer holidays. Whitley was a mathematician, a subject that held…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … until 1855. He had married his cousin Frances Whitley in 1836 (having to give up his St John’s …
  • … Whitley had been ordained deacon in 1835 and priest in 1836, and accordingly took on the role of …

George James Stebbing


George James Stebbing (1803—1860) travelled around the world with Charles Darwin on board HMS Beagle and helped him with measuring temperature on at least one occasion. However, Stebbing barely registers in Darwin’s correspondence. The only mention omits…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … did immediately after the return of the  Beagle  in 1836, but in 1841 he set up a business as a …
  • … Ships Adventure and Beagle between the years 1826 and 1836, describing their examination of the …



Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 297 — Darwin, S. E. to Darwin, C. R., 12 Feb 1836 Darwin’s sister Sarah E. Darwin …

Natural selection


How do new species arise?  This was the ancient question that Charles Darwin tackled soon after returning to England from the Beagle voyage in October 1836. Darwin realised a crucial (and cruel) fact: far more individuals of each species were born than…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … returning to England from the Beagle voyage in October 1836. Some naturalists, such as Jean …



Darwin moves to London

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin moves to London …



The Beagle arrives at the Cape of Good Hope

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Beagle arrives at the Cape of Good Hope …

Transmutation notes


Darwin starts writing notes on 'transmutation of species'

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin starts writing notes on 'transmutation of species' …
Page:  1 2 3  Next